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The beginning of the story that introduces the characters, setting, and basic situation. Background Information


the problem or struggle in the story

Rising Action

the events with conflicts or struggles that build a story toward a climax


Most exciting moment of the story; turning point, highest point of suspense

Falling Action

events after the climax, leading to the resolution


End of the story where loose ends are tied up


the chain of events in the story that make it worth reading, hearing, or watching. The action of the story!


The time and place of a story, where and when it takes place


a person, animal, creature, or robot that takes part in the action of a story

Main Character

the most important figure in a literary work; hero; protagonist.

Minor Character

one who takes part in the action but is not the focus of attention


Fake. Not real. It may even seem real, but it's just made up.


Not fake. True story.

Internal Conflict

Person vs. Self, a struggle inside the heart or mind of a character

External Conflict

a struggle between a character and an outside force such as another character, a society, or nature itself.


a scene that interrupts the action of a work to show a previous event, when a portion of the story goes back in time


the use of hints and clues to suggest what will happen later in the story. The fun stuff that leaves you making guesses.

Character Development

How the character changes throughout the story, this always happens as a result of conflict.


A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.


the ordinary form of written language, the way we write in today's world.


main character, good guy, BATMAN!!!


bad guy, always against the good guy or protagonist. The JOKER!


the main character in a story, poem, or play. Good guy!!! Superman!!!


A make you sound smart word for bad guy :)


mental pictures, description that appeals to the senses (sight, sound, smell, touch, taste)


the feeling created in a reader by the literary work.


a useful lesson about life from a book.


a reason for doing something, , an inner drive that causes a person to do something or act in a certain way


Uncertainty or anxiety the reader feels about what is going to happen next in a story


conversation between characters in a story, the stuff in quotation marks.


when the opposite of what is expected happens


anything that stands for or represents something else


The person telling the story

Point of View

the perspective from which a story is told, 1st person or 3rd person.


a long work of fiction, chapter book.


type of literature

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