Unit 7: The Congress System and The Industrial Revolution (Western Civilization; Quebodeaux)
Terms in this set (34)
Belief that loyalty should be to the nation of people with a common culture/history, not to the king or empire.
Middle-class business owners and merchants who wanted to give Parliament more power, while only allowing the educated and the landowners to vote.
Wealthy landowners who defended the monarchies of Europe
Prince Klemens von Metternich
Prince who was the foreign minister of Austria. Was the most influential person during the Congress of Vienna
Congress of Vienna
An 8-month long series of meetings which were called to set up policies that would create stability and security throughout the European continent.
Metternich's response to German university students rioting in the name of German unification. Resulted in spies and censors being placed in universities to seek out dissent against the government.
Alliance between Russia, Prussia, and Austria in which each nation pledged to base their relations with other nations on Christian principles to combat any idea of revolution.
Greek revolution against the Ottoman government which lasted from 1821-1830 and ultimately resulted in the Greeks earning their independence. Important because it challenged the Congress of Vienna's stance on revolution.
Attempted revolution by the Russian upper class to install a new government in Russia after Alexander I died with no male heir. Nicholas I takes over after the revolt is put down.
Attempted revolution to overthrow the Second Republic by peasant workers in 1848.
Distant relative of Charles X who became King of France after the July Revolution in France. Known as the "Bourgeoisie King" because he came from the middle class when he was coronated.
King of France whose absolutist reign sparked the July Revolution of 1830.
Revolutions of 1830
A series of revolutions throughout the early 1830s that occurred in The Netherlands, Italy, and Poland. Prince Metternich sent his own Austrian troops to restore order. By the mid 1830s, order was restored.
Socialist government which took control after the July Revolution. Established the National Workshops and had no king.
Program put in place by the French Second Republic after they seized power in the Revolution of 1848 which employed people who were unable to find other work.
Revolutions of 1848
A series of failed revolutions in Europe, namely France, Germany, Italy, and Austria in 1848 which all ended up failing, and resulting in the monarchies taking back control.
Reform Bill of 1832
Redrew the voting districts in England to reflect current populations, therefore getting rid of the Rotten Boroughs.
British working class radicals in the late 1830s to the early 1850s who wanted universal male suffrage, no property requirement to hold office, salaries for people who held political office, secret ballots, and annual elections.
Nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte who was elected president of France in 1848, but 4 years later, assumed the title of Emperor Napoleon III of France. Built railroads, encouraged industrialization,
and promoted an ambitious program of public works.
Unification of Italy
Event which took place in 1861 after Garibaldi reclaimed southern Italy and Venice was taken from the Austrians.
Camillo di Cavour
Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Piedmont-Sardinia in 1852 to 1861 who provoked the Austrians into going to war with Sardinia and assisted Garibaldi and the Redshirts with their task of recapturing of Southern Italy.
Otto von Bismarck
Chancellor of Prussia from 1862 to 1871 and later the German Empire from 1871 to 1890 who was a principle figure in the Unification of Germany.
Factory Act of 1832
Law passed in 1832 by British Parliament which limited child labor throughout the United Kingdom. The law stated that no child under 9 years of age would be allowed to work.
Voting rights extended to all members of a nation.
Districts in England that had not been changed in centuries, which resulted in disproportionate vote distribution.