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History for History Study Guide
Terms in this set (13)
The leader of Bacon's rebellion was Nathaniel Bacon who was a sympathetic planter on the governor's council.
When William Berkley did not support the farmers, Bacon organized his own militia and attacked the Susquehannock
English Bill of Rights
written in 1689 before William and Mary could take the throne and it said monarchs could not suspend Parliament's laws or create their own courts, nor could they impose taxes or raise an army without Parliament's consent
Enlightenment thinkers came to believe that natural laws applied to social, political, and economic relationships, and that people could figure out these natural laws if they employed reason.
Major Enlightenment Leaders
~John Locke: wrote essay titled "Essay on Human Understanding". He said that most Christians are born without sin
~Jean Jacques Rousseau: wrote "The Social Contract" and said that government should be formed by the consent of people
~Baron Montesquieu: in his work, "The Spirit of Laws", he suggested that there were three types of political power-executive, legislative, and judicial
Essay on Human Understanding
John Locke wrote that Christians are not born with sin. Instead, they were influenced by education and society.
In 1688, the Birth of James II son triggered a problem. John II was Catholic but the people wanted his Protestant daughter to take over the throne. The son was now first in line for the throne and would be raised Catholic.
-To prevent a Catholic dynasty, Parliament invited Mary and her husband William to claim the throne.
James Fled and it became known as the Glorious Revolution.
where people met and discussed local issues
involving three-way exchange of goods between North America, Great Britain, and Africa
-they left to form new colonies due to religious reasons
Some famous colonial dissenters:
-John Winthrop (Massachussetts Bay colony)
-Roger Williams: (founded Providence -later part
of Rhode Island)
-Anne Hutchinson: (founded a settlement in
Began in 1734 and peaked in 1740.
-the widespread resurgence of religious excitement.
-Jonathan Edwards launched the Great Awakening.
-powerful, terrifying sermons that told people to repent and convert
The Protestant Revolution of 1689, took place in the Province of Maryland when Puritans, by then a substantial majority in the colony, revolted against the proprietary government, led by the Roman Catholic Charles Calvert, 3rd Baron Baltimore. The Protestant Revolution also saw the effective end of Maryland's early experiments with religious toleration, as Catholicism was outlawed and Roman Catholics forbidden from holding public office.
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