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History - Chapter 2
Terms in this set (29)
Bartholume de las Casas
Which priest wanted to convert Native Americans to Christianity?
What were the farms the Spanish operated in the americas called?
What Spanish system gave settlers the right to tax local Native Americans?
Which conquistador defeated the Inca?
Who was the king of the Aztec empire when the conquistadors arrived in Mexico?
Hernan Cortez; Malintzin helped him
Who was the conquistador that conquered the Aztec empire and who helped him?
What were the Spanish soldiers who conquered the Americas called?
document, giving permission to start a colony
French sailer, led a major French exploration of what is now Canada?
religion movement that began in German but quickly spread to most of Europe
reformers who protested some of the Catholic Church's practices
water route through North America that would allow ships to sail from the Atlantic to the Pacific
voyage across the Atlantic Ocean that enslaved Africans were forced to endure
scattering of African slaves people
natural resistance towards diseases
huge fleet of warships that were set out to take over England
First European to discover America
device that enabled navigatiors to learn their ship's location by charting the position of the stars
triangular ships that allowed ships to sail against the wind
in 1492, he sailed across the Atlantic and discovered the Americas
Line of Demarcation
divided the Atlantic Ocean, and Spain could claim all land west of the line
Treaty of Tordesillas
moved the line of Demarcation 800 miles further west
travel all the way around the world
-wanted Asian spices
-wanted to convert people to Christianity
-wanted to learn more about Asian cultures
During the 1400s, Europeans had several reasons to explore the world. List three
-changed the way europeans thought of the world and their place in it
-new era of interactions between europe and the americas had begun
Why was columbus's first voyage important?
-had native american allies
-had horses w/ armours
What factors enabled the Spanish to defeat the Aztec and Inca?
-built an absorbatory
-founded a school of navigation
-financed research for mapmakers, shipbuilders, and expeditions
Discuss the accomplishment of Prince Henry the Navigator.
-religious movement that started in a small German town which quickly spread around Europe, Martin Luther (German priest) started it, didn't like the Catholic Church's practice
What was the Protestant Reformation, who started it, and why did he start it?
All the Native Americans were dying of diseases, so they turned to Africans. It was easier.
Why did many of plantation owners of the Americas turn to the enslaved African labor?
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