Prince Henry the Navigator
Portugal; founded school to train sailors to become explorers; 1419
Portugal; explored southern tip of Africa; 1488
Vasco da Gama
Portugal; discovered water route around Africa to India; 1497
Spain; sailed west across Atlantic Ocean to reach Asia; discovered San Salvador and explored Cuba and Hispaniola; made four voyages--first 1492
Spain; circumnavigated the globe; sailed west to find route to Asia; sailed around tip of South America and named Pacific Ocean; 1520
England; discovered Newfoundland; 1497
Giovanni da Verrazano
France; mapped coast from North Carolina to Newfoundland; 1524
French; mapped St, Lawrence river; tried to find northern passage to Asia; made three trips; 1534
Spain; conquistador who conquered Aztecs in Mexico; 1521
Spain; conquered Inca civilization located on western side of South America; 1533
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