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Chapter 17 hairstyling
Terms in this set (79)
No stem curl
Directly on the base
What type of curl does a no stem curl produce?
Tight, firm, long lasting curl - allows minimum mobility
half stem curls
Placed half off the base
What type of curl does a half stem curl produce?
Good control of the hair and permits medium mobility
Full stem curl
Off the base
What type of curl does a full stem curl produce?
Greatest mobility, used to give the hair a strong definite direction
Open center curls
Produce even smooth waves and uniform curls
Closed center curls
Produce waves that get smaller toward the end
A section of the hair that is molded in a circular movement in preparation for the formation of curls
Triangular base pin curls
Recommend along the front or facial hairline to prevent breaks or splits in the finished hairstyle
Arc base pin curls
Curl also known as half moon or C-shape base curls are carved out of a shaping
Square base pin curls
Are suitable for curly hairstyles without much volume or lift
Technique of forcing the hair between the thumb and the back of the comb to create tension.
Pin curls sliced from a shaping and formed without lifting the hair from the head
Pin curls placed immediately behind or below a ridge to form a wave
Two rows of ridge curls, usually on the side of the head. Create a strong wave pattern with well-defined lines between the curls
Have large center openings and are fastened to the head in a standing position on a rectangular base
What's the barrel curls effect?
Similar to Stand up pin curls. Similar to that of a roller, but doesn't have the same tension as a roller when it's set.
Cascade curls are also know as?
also known as stand-up curls
Pin curls fastened to the head in a standing position to create height in the hair design
On base placement
Hair is wrapped 45 degree beyond perpendicular to its base section (180 degrees)
Half off base placement
The technique of rapping at a 90° angle or straight out from the center
Off base placement
45 degrees from the head
Volume of on base placement
Volume of half off basement
Volume of off base placement
Three parts of a roller curl.
Base stem curl (or Circle)
One complete turn around the roller will create.....
A C-shape curl
One and a half turns around the roller will create.....
Two and a half turns around the roller will create.....
The point where curls of opposite directions meet forming a recessed area (can be achieved using rollers, curling irons, or round brushes)
used only on dry hair; should stay on hair for 10 minutes to achieve a curl pattern
Are not allowed by state board of some states because they are difficult to clean. Only to be used on dry hair
What does velcro rollers do to the hair?
More body than a round brush but less volume than a hot roller set
teasing, ratting, matting, French lacing; forms a cushion base
Also known as ruffing, used to build a soft cushion or to mesh two or more curl patterns together for a uniform and smooth comb out
1.) section the hair (1 inch thick 2-3 inch wide)
2.) insert comb (1 1/2 inch from the scalp)
3.) press the comb down (slide down the hair)
4.) create a cushion (3rd time sliding down, push the hair all the way to the scalp)
5.) repeat for volume
6.) Smooth hair (45 degrees angle pointing away from you and move over the surface)
1.) hold the strand
2.) place brush (maintain slight slack in the hair)
3.) roll brush (for interlocking to occur the brush must be rolled)
4.) turn brush (remove the brush with a flip of the wrist, peeling back a layer of hair)
5.) blend hair (patterns should reflect rhythm, balance, and smoothness of lines)
6.) complete styling
a technique used to keep curly hair smooth and straight while retaining a beautiful shape
The technique of drying and styling damp hair in one operation is called:
Tip on hooded dryer vs blow dryer
A hood dryer is best used for any kind of wet set- finger waves, pin curls, or rollers. A wet set will last longer than a blown dry style for many people. A blowdry will give a softer result and often takes less time.
technique of drying and styling damp hair in a single operation
An attachment that disperses airflow more softly
Closely spaced tooth comb
Remove definition from the curl to create a smooth surface
Widely spaced tooth comb
Shape larger sections of the hair for a more textured surface
A light, Airy, Whipped styling product that builds moderate body and volume into the hair
Thickened styling preparation that creates the strongest control for slicked or molded styles
Also known as texturizers, are similar to firm hold gels except they are lighter and less viscous
Product applied to damp hair that is wavy or curly to give it a smooth straight look
Styling products that add volume, especially at the base, when wet hair is blown dry.
Also known as wax, adds considerable weight to the hair by causing strands to join together
Adds gloss and sheen
a styling product applied in the form of a mist to hold a style in position
Thermal waving and curling
Marcel waving, methods of waving and curling straight or pressed dry hair using thermal irons and special manipulative techniques
implements made of quality steel that are used to curl dry hair
Nonelectrical Thermal Irons
are favored by many stylists who cater to clients with excessively curly hair because of the larger of barrel or rod sizes and higher heat capabilities
Four parts of thermal irons
(1) rod Handle (2) shell handle (3) barrel or rod (fixed) (4) shell - the clamp that presses the hair against the barrel or rod (moveable)
weak bonds, a temporary bond that can be broken and reformed
Shaping and directing the hair into an S formation using a comb, lotion, and the fingers
In creating horizontal finger waves, the waves are placed:
sideways and parallel around the head
The stationary foundation of a pin curl is the:
Pin curls formed in a shaping should begin at the:
Pin curl bases are referred to as rectangular, triangular, square, or
Pin curls sliced from a shaping without lifting the hair are:
The panel of hair on which a roller is placed is called the:
Hair between the scalp and the first turn of a roller is the:
The point where curls of opposite directions meet forming a recessed area is called the:
The benefit of using texturizes is that it offers....
Former, longer hold for fine hair with the least amount of heaviness
method of curling the hair by winding a strand around the rod
used to give a finished appearance to hair ends either turned under or over
thermal curls placed very high on their base; provide maximum lift or volume
thermal curls that sit in the center of their base; strong curls with full volume 125 degrees
Sit half off their base and provide a strong curl with moderate lift or volume 90degree angle
off base curls
thermal curls placed completely off their base; have only slight lift or volume 70 degree angle
Method of temporarily straightening extremely curly or unruly hair by means of a heated iron or comb
Removes about 50 to 60 percent of the curl
Removes 60-75% of curl
Technique that removes 100% of the curl by applying the pressing comb twice on each side of the hair
Burned hair can not be...
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