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Words from the WORD (Proverbs Ch. 1)

Terms in this set (25)

At*tain", v. i. 1. To come or arrive, by motion, growth, bodily exertion, or efforts toward a place, object, state, etc.; to reach.

A wise man will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels: (Pro 1:5 KJV)

If by any means they might attain to Phenice.
Acts xxvii. 12.
Nor nearer might the dogs attain.
Sir W. Scott.
To see your trees attain to the dignity of timber.
Cowper.
Few boroughs had as yet attained to power such as this.
J. R. Green.
2. To come or arrive, by an effort of mind.

Such knowledge is too wonderful for me; it is high, I can not attain unto it.
Ps. cxxxix. 6.
At*tain", n. Attainment. [Obs.]

Attain" (ăt*tān"), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Attained (-tānd"); p. pr. & vb. n. Attaining.] [Of. atteinen, atteignen, atainen, OF. ateindre, ataindre, F. atteindre, fr. L. attingere; ad + tangere to touch, reach. See Tangent, and cf. Attinge, Attaint.] 1. To achieve or accomplish, that is, to reach by efforts; to gain; to compass; as, to attain rest.

Is he wise who hopes to attain the end without the means?
Abp. Tillotson.
2. To gain or obtain possession of; to acquire. [Obs. with a material object.] Chaucer.

3. To get at the knowledge of; to ascertain. [Obs.]

Not well attaining his meaning.
Fuller.
4. To reach or come to, by progression or motion; to arrive at. "Canaan he now attains." Milton.

5. To overtake. [Obs.] Bacon.

6. To reach in excellence or degree; to equal.

Syn. -- To Attain, Obtain, Procure. Attain always implies an effort toward an object. Hence it is not synonymous with obtain and procure, which do not necessarily imply such effort or motion. We procure or obtain a thing by purchase or loan, and we obtain by inheritance, but we do not attain it by such means.
Coun"sel, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Counseled (-sĕld) or Counselled; p. pr. & vb. n. Counseling or Counselling.] [OE. conseilen, counseilen, F. conseiller, fr. L. consiliari, fr. consilium counsel.] 1. To give advice to; to advice, admonish, or instruct, as a person.

A wise man will hear, and will increase learning; and a man of understanding shall attain unto wise counsels: (Pro 1:5 KJV)

Good sir, I do in friendship counsel you
To leave this place.
Shak.
2. To advise or recommend, as an act or course.

They who counsel war.
Milton.
Thus Belial, with words clothed in reason's garb,
Counseled ignoble ease and peaceful sloth.
Milton.
Coun"sel (koun"sĕl), n. [OE. conseil, F. conseil, fr. L. consilium, fr. the root of consulere to consult, of uncertain origin. Cf. Consult, Consul.] 1. Interchange of opinions; mutual advising; consultation.

All the chief priest and elders of the people took counsel against Jesus, to put him to death.
Matt. xxvii. 1.
2. Examination of consequences; exercise of deliberate judgment; prudence.

They all confess, therefore, in the working of that first cause, that counsel is used.
Hooker.
3. Result of consultation; advice; instruction.

I like thy counsel; well hast thou advised.
Shak.
It was ill counsel had misled the girl.
Tennyson.
4. Deliberate purpose; design; intent; scheme; plan.

The counsel of the Lord standeth forever.
Ps. xxxiii. 11.
The counsels of the wicked are deceit.
Prov. xii. 5.
5. A secret opinion or purpose; a private matter.

Thilke lord . . . to whom no counsel may be hid.
Gower.
6. One who gives advice, especially in legal matters; one professionally engaged in the trial or management of a cause in court; also, collectively, the legal advocates united in the management of a case; as, the defendant has able counsel.

The King found his counsel as refractory as his judges.
Macaulay.
☞ In some courts a distinction is observed between the attorney and the counsel in a cause, the former being employed in the management of the more mechanical parts of the suit, the latter in attending to the pleadings, managing the cause at the trial, and in applying the law to the exigencies of the case during the whole progress of the suit. In other courts the same person can exercise the powers of each. See Attorney. Kent.

In counsel, in secret. [Obs.] Chaucer. -- To keep counsel, or To keep one's own counsel, to keep one's thoughts, purposes, etc., undisclosed.

The players can not keep counsel: they 'll tell all.
Shak.
Syn. -- Advice; consideration; consultation; purpose; scheme; opinion.
Consent

Con*sent" (?), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Consented; p. pr. & vb. n Consenting.] [F. consentir, fr. L. consentire, -sensum, to feel together, agree; con- + sentire to feel. See Sense.] 1. To agree in opinion or sentiment; to be of the same mind; to accord; to concur.

My son, if sinners entice thee, consent thou not. (Pro 1:10 KJV)

And Saul was consenting unto his death.
Acts. viii. 1.
Flourishing many years before Wyclif, and much consenting with him in jugdment.
Fuller.
2. To indicate or express a willingness; to yield to guidance, persuasion, or necessity; to give assent or approval; to comply.

My poverty, but not my will, consents.
Shak.
And whispering "I will ne'er consent," -- consented.
Byron.
Syn. -- To accede; yield; assent; comply; agree; allow; concede; permit; admit; concur; acquiesce.

Con*sent", v. t. To grant; to allow; to assent to; to admit. [Obs.]

Interpreters . . . will not consent it to be a true story.
Milton.
Con*sent", n. [Cf. OF. consent.] 1. Agreement in opinion or sentiment; the being of one mind; accord.

All with one consent began to make excuse.
Luke xiv. 18.
They fell together all, as by consent.
Shak.
2. Correspondence in parts, qualities, or operations; agreement; harmony; coherence.

The melodious consent of the birds.
Holland.
Such is the world's great harmony that springs
From union, order, full consent of things.
Pope.
3. Voluntary accordance with, or concurrence in, what is done or proposed by another; acquiescence; compliance; approval; permission.

Thou wert possessed of David's throne
By free consent of all.
Milton.
4. (Law) Capable, deliberate, and voluntary assent or agreement to, or concurrence in, some act or purpose, implying physical and mental power and free action.

5. (Physiol.) Sympathy. See Sympathy, 4.

Syn. -- Assent; acquiescence; concurrence; agreement; approval; permission. See Assent.

Age of consent (Law), an age, fixed by statute and varying in different jurisdictions, at which one is competent to give consent. Sexual intercourse with a female child under the age of consent is punishable as rape.
Spoil (?), v. i. 1. To practice plunder or robbery.

Outlaws, which, lurking in woods, used to break forth to rob and spoil.
Spenser.
2. To lose the valuable qualities; to be corrupted; to decay; as, fruit will soon spoil in warm weather.

Spoil (?) (?), v. t. [imp. & p. p. Spoiled (#) or Spoilt (#); p. pr. & vb. n. Spoiling.] [F. spolier, OF. espoilelier, fr. L. spoliare, fr. spolium spoil. Cf. Despoil, Spoliation.] 1. To plunder; to strip by violence; to pillage; to rob; -- with of before the name of the thing taken; as, to spoil one of his goods or possession.

We shall find all precious substance, we shall fill our houses with spoil: (Pro 1:13 KJV)

"Ye shall spoil the Egyptians." Ex. iii. 22.

My sons their old, unhappy sire despise,
Spoiled of his kingdom, and deprived of eues.
Pope.
2. To seize by violence;; to take by force; to plunder.

No man can enter into a strong man's house, and spoil his goods, except he will first bind the strong man.
Mark iii. 27.
3. To cause to decay and perish; to corrput; to vitiate; to mar.

Spiritual pride spoils many graces.
Jer. Taylor.
4. To render useless by injury; to injure fatally; to ruin; to destroy; as, to spoil paper; to have the crops spoiled by insects; to spoil the eyes by reading.

Spoil, n. [Cf. OF. espoille, L. spolium.] 1. That which is taken from another by violence; especially, the plunder taken from an enemy; pillage; booty.

Gentle gales,
Fanning their odoriferous wings, dispense
Native perfumes, and whisper whence they stole
Those balmy spoils.
Milton.
2. Public offices and their emoluments regarded as the peculiar property of a successful party or faction, to be bestowed for its own advantage; -- commonly in the plural; as to the victor belong the spoils.

From a principle of gratitude I adhered to the coalition; my vote was counted in the day of battle, but I was overlooked in the division of the spoil.
Gibbon.
3. That which is gained by strength or effort.

each science and each art his spoil.
Bentley.
4. The act or practice of plundering; robbery; aste.

The man that hath no music in himself,
Nor is not moved with concord of sweet sounds,
Is fit for treason, stratagems, and spoil.
Shak.
5. Corruption; cause of corruption. [Archaic]

Villainous company hath been the spoil of me.
Shak.
6. The slough, or cast skin, of a serpent or other animal. [Obs.] Bacon.

Spoil bank, a bank formed by the earth taken from an excavation, as of a canal. -- The spoils system, the theory or practice of regarding public and their emoluments as so much plunder to be distributed among their active partisans by those who are chosen to responsible offices of administration.
Ut"ter (?), a. [OE. utter, originally the same word as outer. See Out, and cf. Outer, Utmost.]

1. Outer. "Thine utter eyen." Chaucer. [Obs.] "By him a shirt and utter mantle laid." Chapman.

As doth an hidden moth
The inner garment fret, not th' utter touch.
Spenser.
2. Situated on the outside, or extreme limit; remote from the center; outer. [Obs.]

Through utter and through middle darkness borne.
Milton.
The very utter part pf Saint Adelmes point is five miles from Sandwich.
Holinshed.
3. Complete; perfect; total; entire; absolute; as, utter ruin; utter darkness.

They . . . are utter strangers to all those anxious thoughts which disquiet mankind.
Atterbury.
4. Peremptory; unconditional; unqualified; final; as, an utter refusal or denial. Clarendon.

Utter bar (Law), the whole body of junior barristers. See Outer bar, under 1st Outer. [Eng.] -- Utter barrister (Law), one recently admitted as barrister, who is accustomed to plead without, or outside, the bar, as distinguished from the benchers, who are sometimes permitted to plead within the bar. [Eng.] Cowell.

Ut"ter, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Uttered (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Uttering.] [OE. outren, freq. of outen to utter, put out, AS. ūtian to put out, eject, fr. ūt out. √198. See Out, and cf. Utter, a.]

1. To put forth or out; to reach out. [Obs.]

She crieth in the chief place of concourse, in the openings of the gates: in the city she uttereth her words, saying, (Pro 1:21 KJV)

How bragly [proudly] it begins to bud,
And utter his tender head.
Spenser.
2. To dispose of in trade; to sell or vend. [Obs.]

Such mortal drugs I have, but Mantua's law
Is death to any he that utters them.
Shak.
They bring it home, and utter it commonly by the name of Newfoundland fish.
Abp. Abbot.
3. hence, to put in circulation, as money; to put off, as currency; to cause to pass in trade; -- often used, specifically, of the issue of counterfeit notes or coins, forged or fraudulent documents, and the like; as, to utter coin or bank notes.

The whole kingdom should continue in a firm resolution never to receive or utter this fatal coin.
Swift.
4. To give public expression to; to disclose; to publish; to speak; to pronounce. "Sweet as from blest, uttering joy." Milton.

The words I utter
Let none think flattery, for they 'll find 'em truth.
Shak.
And the last words he uttered called me cruel.
Addison.
Syn. -- To deliver; give forth; issue; liberate; discharge; pronounce. See Deliver.
Calam"ity (?) n.; pl. calamities (#). [L. calamitas, akin to in-columis unharmed: cf. F. calamité] 1. Any great misfortune or cause of misery; -- generally applied to events or disasters which produce extensive evil, either to communities or individuals.

I also will laugh at your calamity; I will mock when your fear cometh; (Pro 1:26 KJV)

The word calamity was first derived from calamus when the corn could not get out of the stalk. Bacon.

Strokes of calamity that scathe and scorch the soul.
W. Irving.
2. A state or time of distress or misfortune; misery.

The deliberations of calamity are rarely wise.
Burke.
Where'er I came I brought calamity.
Tennyson.
Syn. -- Disaster; distress; affliction; adversity; misfortune; unhappiness; infelicity; mishap; mischance; misery; evil; extremity; exigency; downfall. -- Calamity, Disaster, Misfortune, Mishap, Mischance. Of these words, calamity is the strongest. It supposes a somewhat continuous state, produced not usually by the direct agency of man, but by natural causes, such as fire, flood, tempest, disease, etc, Disaster denotes literally ill-starred, and is some unforeseen and distressing event which comes suddenly upon us, as if from hostile planet. Misfortune is often due to no specific cause; it is simply the bad fortune of an individual; a link in the chain of events; an evil independent of his own conduct, and not to be charged as a fault. Mischance and mishap are misfortunes of a trivial nature, occurring usually to individuals. "A calamity is either public or private, but more frequently the former; a disaster is rather particular than private; it affects things rather than persons; journey, expedition, and military movements are often attended with disasters; misfortunes are usually personal; they immediately affect the interests of the individual." Crabb.
Dis*tress" (?), n. [OE. destresse, distresse, OF. destresse, destrece, F. détresse, OF. destrecier to distress, (assumed) LL. districtiare, fr. L. districtus, p. p. of distringere. See Distrain, and cf. Stress.] 1. Extreme pain or suffering; anguish of body or mind; as, to suffer distress from the gout, or from the loss of friends.

When your fear cometh as desolation, and your destruction cometh as a whirlwind; when distress and anguish cometh upon you. (Pro 1:27 KJV)

Not fearing death nor shrinking for distress.
Shak.
2. That which occasions suffering; painful situation; misfortune; affliction; misery.

Affliction's sons are brothers in distress.
Burns.
3. A state of danger or necessity; as, a ship in distress, from leaking, loss of spars, want of provisions or water, etc.

4. (Law) (a) The act of distraining; the taking of a personal chattel out of the possession of a wrongdoer, by way of pledge for redress of an injury, or for the performance of a duty, as for nonpayment of rent or taxes, or for injury done by cattle, etc. (b) The thing taken by distraining; that which is seized to procure satisfaction. Bouvier. Kent. Burrill.

If he were not paid, he would straight go and take a distress of goods and cattle.
Spenser.
The distress thus taken must be proportioned to the thing distrained for.
Blackstone.
Abuse of distress. (Law) See under Abuse.

Syn. -- Affliction; suffering; pain; agony; misery; torment; anguish; grief; sorrow; calamity; misfortune; trouble; adversity. See Affliction.

Dis*tress", v. t. [imp. & p. p. Distressed (?); p. pr. & vb. n. Distressing.] [Cf. OF. destrecier. See Distress, n.] 1. To cause pain or anguish to; to pain; to oppress with calamity; to afflict; to harass; to make miserable.

We are troubled on every side, yet not distressed.
2 Cor. iv. 8.
2. To compel by pain or suffering.

Men who can neither be distressed nor won into a sacrifice of duty.
A. Hamilton.
3. (Law) To seize for debt; to distrain.

Syn. -- To pain; grieve; harass; trouble; perplex; afflict; worry; annoy.
Fruit (?), v. i. To bear fruit. Chesterfield.

Fruit (?), n. [OE. fruit, frut, F. fruit, from L. fructus enjoyment, product, fruit, from frui, p. p. fructus, to enjoy; akin to E. brook, v. t. See Brook, v. t., and cf. Fructify, Frugal.] 1. Whatever is produced for the nourishment or enjoyment of man or animals by the processes of vegetable growth, as corn, grass, cotton, flax, etc.; -- commonly used in the plural.

Therefore shall they eat of the fruit of their own way, and be filled with their own devices. (Pro 1:31 KJV)

Six years thou shalt sow thy land, and shalt gather in the
fruits thereof.
Ex. xxiii. 10.
2. (Hort.) The pulpy, edible seed vessels of certain plants, especially those grown on branches above ground, as apples, oranges, grapes, melons, berries, etc. See 3.

3. (Bot.) The ripened ovary of a flowering plant, with its contents and whatever parts are consolidated with it.

☞ Fruits are classified as fleshy, drupaceous, and dry. Fleshy fruits include berries, gourds, and melons, orangelike fruits and pomes; drupaceous fruits are stony within and fleshy without, as peaches, plums, and cherries; and dry fruits are further divided into achenes, follicles, legumes, capsules, nuts, and several other kinds.
[1913 Webster]

4. (Bot.) The spore cases or conceptacles of flowerless plants, as of ferns, mosses, algae, etc., with the spores contained in them.

6. The produce of animals; offspring; young; as, the fruit of the womb, of the loins, of the body.

King Edward's fruit, true heir to the English crown.
Shak.
6. That which is produced; the effect or consequence of any action; advantageous or desirable product or result; disadvantageous or evil consequence or effect; as, the fruits of labor, of self-denial, of intemperance.

The fruit of rashness.
Shak.
What I obtained was the fruit of no bargain.
Burke.
They shall eat the fruit of their doings.
Is. iii 10.
The fruits of this education became visible.
Macaulay.
☞ Fruit is frequently used adjectively, signifying of, for, or pertaining to a fruit or fruits; as, fruit bud; fruit frame; fruit jar; fruit knife; fruit loft; fruit show; fruit stall; fruit tree; etc.
Sim"ple (?), a. [Compar. Simpler (?); superl. Simplest.] [F., fr. L. simplus, or simplex, gen. simplicis. The first part of the Latin words is probably akin to E. same, and the sense, one, one and the same; cf. L. semel once, singuli one to each, single. Cg. Single, a., Same, a., and for the last part of the word cf. Double, Complex.] 1. Single; not complex; not infolded or entangled; uncombined; not compounded; not blended with something else; not complicated; as, a simple substance; a simple idea; a simple sound; a simple machine; a simple problem; simple tasks.

2. Plain; unadorned; as, simple dress. "Simple truth." Spenser. "His simple story." Burns.

3. Mere; not other than; being only.

A medicine . . . whose simple touch
Is powerful to araise King Pepin.
Shak.
4. Not given to artifice, stratagem, or duplicity; undesigning; sincere; true.

Full many fine men go upon my score, as simple as I stand here, and I trust them.
Marston.
Must thou trust Tradition's simple tongue?
Byron.
To be simple is to be great.
Emerson.
5. Artless in manner; unaffected; unconstrained; natural; inartificial;; straightforward.

In simple manners all the secret lies.
Young.
6. Direct; clear; intelligible; not abstruse or enigmatical; as, a simple statement; simple language.

7. Weak in intellect; not wise or sagacious; of but moderate understanding or attainments; hence, foolish; silly. "You have simple wits." Shak.

The simple believeth every word; but the prudent man looketh well to his going.
Prov. xiv. 15.
8. Not luxurious; without much variety; plain; as, a simple diet; a simple way of living.

Thy simple fare and all thy plain delights.
Cowper.
9. Humble; lowly; undistinguished.

A simple husbandman in garments gray.
Spenser.
Clergy and laity, male and female, gentle and simple made the fuel of the same fire.
Fuller.
10. (BOt.) Without subdivisions; entire; as, a simple stem; a simple leaf.

11. (Chem.) Not capable of being decomposed into anything more simple or ultimate by any means at present known; elementary; thus, atoms are regarded as simple bodies. Cf. Ultimate, a.

☞ A simple body is one that has not as yet been decomposed. There are indications that many of our simple elements are still compound bodies, though their actual decomposition into anything simpler may never be accomplished.

12. (Min.) Homogenous.

13. (Zoöl.) Consisting of a single individual or zooid; as, a simple ascidian; -- opposed to compound.

Simple contract (Law), any contract, whether verbal or written, which is not of record or under seal. J. W. Smith. Chitty. -- Simple equation (Alg.), an equation containing but one unknown quantity, and that quantity only in the first degree. -- Simple eye (Zoöl.), an eye having a single lens; -- opposed to compound eye. -- Simple interest. See under Interest. -- Simple larceny. (Law) See under Larceny. -- Simple obligation (Rom. Law), an obligation which does not depend for its execution upon any event provided for by the parties, or is not to become void on the happening of any such event. Burrill.

Syn. -- Single; uncompounded; unmingled; unmixed; mere; uncombined; elementary; plain; artless; sincere; harmless; undesigning; frank; open; unaffected; inartificial; unadorned; credulous; silly; foolish; shallow; unwise. -- Simple, Silly. One who is simple is sincere, unaffected, and inexperienced in duplicity, -- hence liable to be duped. A silly person is one who is ignorant or weak and also self- confident; hence, one who shows in speech and act a lack of good sense. Simplicity is incompatible with duplicity, artfulness, or vanity, while silliness is consistent with all three. Simplicity denotes lack of knowledge or of guile; silliness denotes want of judgment or right purpose, a defect of character as well as of education.

For the turning away of the simple shall slay them, and the prosperity of fools shall destroy them. (Pro 1:32 KJV)

I am a simple woman, much too weak
To oppose your cunning.
Shak.
He is the companion of the silliest people in their most silly pleasure; he is ready for every impertinent entertainment and diversion.
Law.
Sim"ple (?), n. [F. See Simple, a.] 1. Something not mixed or compounded. "Compounded of many simples." Shak.

2. (Med.) A medicinal plant; -- so called because each vegetable was supposed to possess its particular virtue, and therefore to constitute a simple remedy.

What virtue is in this remedy lies in the naked simple itself as it comes over from the Indies.
Sir W. Temple.
3. (Weaving) (a) A drawloom. (b) A part of the apparatus for raising the heddles of a drawloom.

4. (R. C. Ch.) A feast which is not a double or a semidouble.

Sim"ple, v. i. To gather simples, or medicinal plants.

As simpling on the flowery hills she [Circe] strayed.
Garth.