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World History Midterm
Terms in this set (62)
It means rebirth, and in this context, it refers to a revival of art and learning. Lasted from 1300 to 1600.
1st sized book Gutenberg printed
He created the printer which spreads ideas faster. He created the Gutenberg bible, which is the first bible ever.
Leonardo Da Vinci
Was a painter, sculptor, inventor, and scientist. He was a "true Renaissance man". Painted the Mona Lisa(one of the famous paintings.). Created The Last Supper.
Started a fight in the catholic church. He wanted a boy child so that the future throne will go to him. So he married Catherine of Aragon and got a girl and divorced her. Then he asks pope to annul marriage but pope refuses. He eventually goes to jail
Members include Giovanni, Cosimo, Lorenzo. They had a bank and that is why they are rich. They were supporters of church.
What were the effects of Gutenberg printing press?
Produce books quickly and cheaply. He also created the bible called the Gutenberg bible.
the policy of taking boys from conquered Christian peoples to be trained as Muslims
Timur the Lame
interrupted the Ottoman empire and crushed Ottoman forces at the battle of Ankara. (defeat lead to expansion).
Jahangir's son and predecessor, Built the Taj Mahal as mausoleum for his wife, Mumtaz Mahal
1. one of the three great Islamic Empires of the 16th and 17th centuries.
2. Important capital city of Isfahan
4. Shi' ism became a state religion under the Safavid Empire and remains so to this day.
seized most of what is now Iran, then conquered it. To celebrate he took the ancient Persian title of Shah, or king. He also established Shi'a Islam as the state religion. he was a religious tyrant. any citizen who didnt convert to Shi'ism was killed
Suleyman the lawgiver
Known as Suleyman the Magnificent in the West, the Ottoman empire reached its peak in size under his reign.
a warrior for Islam the most successful was Osman
Christian boys taken from families, converted to Islam, and then rigorously trained to serve the sultan
Grandson of Babur, his name means 'Great' and he lived up to his name, ruling India with wisdom and tolerance from 1556 to 1605. Has been called India's greatest leader. By 1600 the Mughals ruled approximately 100 million of India's 140 million people. More than England and all of western Europe combined. Military power was the root of his strength. A genius at toleration and cultural blending. This affected art, education, politics, and language.He demonstrated great tolerance towards other religions, even married Hindu princesses and allowed his wives to practice their religion.He brought peace to the part of India that he ruled by treating all the people fairly. Both Hindus and Muslims served in Akbar's government under whose rule India and the Mughal Empire flourished. He abolished the tax on Hindu pilgrims and the hated Jizya (a tax on non-Muslims).
took throne in 1587. Created a Safavid culture and golden age that drew from the best of the Ottoman, Persian, and Arab worlds. Performed aspects of both military and civilian life. created two armies that would be loyal to him: one consisting of Persians and the other was a force that Abbas recruited from the Christian North and modeled after the Ottoman Janissaries SEVERE GOVERNOR!
It was able to sail against the wind
China's trade policy
During the 1500s, was China's official trade policy
Only the government was allowed to trade with foreign countries
This son of peasants founded the Ming Dynasty.he overthrew the Mongols and established the Ming Dynasty.
closed country policy
type of Policy did Japan institute to control foreign ideas a closed country policy
led voyages of exploration for the Chinese
Why did China reject British offers of trade
China felt self-efficient and didn't need outside goods
Warrior chieftains that become lords in a new kind of Japanese feudalism
What enabled the Spanish forces to conquer the Aztec people
Spain had muskets and cannons superior to Aztec arrows, united with the enemies of Aztecs who hated their rituals like human sacrifice, and Europeans brought in diseases that killed Aztecs like small pox
why did the English want to take over new netherlands
the Dutch governor of New Amsterdam was so unpopular the inhabitants invited the English to take it.Around 30 years later, the Dutch peacefully took over England in the Glorious Revolution of 1689
Major result of Natives dying of disease
3)did not build up their a natural immunity
according to this policy, for a nation to increase its wealth it should sell more goods than it buys from other countries.
Atlantic slave trade
Africans were transported to the Americas to use for slavery
Who conquered the Aztecs
Joint Stock Company
investors buying shares of stock in a company
Italian explorer who landed in the Americas
Spanish system that oppressed natives
Natives farmed, ranched, and mined for Spanish warlords
What prompted a wave of new businesses and trade practices in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries?
New wealth from the Americas and the growth in overseas trade Introduction of Slavery
that kings had power to rule that was given by god
Thirty Years War
was sparked by religious conflict and resulted in the increased power of France, the weakening of Spain and Austria, and the devastation of Germany
inherited the Austrian throne only after Charles VI had the other European powers sign an agreement declaring they would recognize the heir
the bloodless overthrow of King James II who was a Catholic. William and Mary, who were Protestant, replaced him on the throne.
By the end of the 1600s, England's system of government became
Philip II's accomplishments
seized Portugal, which in turn brought the Portuguese colonies in Africa, India, and the East Indies under Spanish rule.
cause of the eight civil wars
Religious wars between the Catholics and Protestants.
became France's most powerful ruler and boasted "I am the state"
Peter the Great
He wanted a seaport for easier travel to the west which would help promote education and growth in Russia
Frederick the Great
king of Prussia, reduced censorship, improved education, reformed justice system, called himself the "servant of the state"
Families displayed their rank and prosperity in an elaborate ceremony. In this ceremony, they gave food, drink, and gifts to the community.
Five tribes formed a league, the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, and the Seneca. The goal was to promote joint defense and cooperation among the tribes.
The Maya believed that after every day, month, or year, one god would lay the burden down and another would pick it up. A would be lucky or unlucky, depending on the nature of the god. This is why they needed calendars, to know which god was in charge of the day
In the Inca Empire, the requirement that all able-bodied subjects work for the state a certain number of days each year.First Civilization in Central Mexico. The Mesoamericans The Tihutihucan
Military leaders held great power in Aztec society (
Noble class: Military leaders, government officials, and priests
o Usually ruled over vast estates
o Wealthy and luxurious
o Included merchants, artisans, soldiers, and farmers
• Formed special type of elite
• They often traveled widely (acting as spies for the emperor and gaining great wealth for themselves)
o Were captives who did many different jobs
Emperor sat atop the Aztec social pyramid
was the leader in 1438, and when he was the leader, the Inca conquered all of Peru and then moved into neighboring lands. By 1500, the Inca ruled over 2,500 miles of land along the western coast of South America.
Hopewell and Missipian
They were both mound builders, but they both lived in different ways. The Hopewell made their mounds for things other than burials, but for religious services and ceremonies. The Mississippians made their villages all about farming.
t is Maya writing that consisted of 800 hieroglyphic symbols, or glyphs. Some of these glyphs stood for whole words, and others represented syllables. The Maya used this writing to record historical events, carving these glyphs in stone.
Inca add territory to their empire
Through a combination of diplomacy and military force. They had a powerful military but used force only when necessary. Once an area was defeated they made every effort to gain the loyalty of the people
How did early North American people view land
the land was sacred, not something that could be bought and sold
Leornardo Da Vici
Reason for Reformation
the renaissance and it made the man think about the church and the bible more
Council of Trent
1. to bring back Protestants to the Church
2. to state Catholic teaching clearly
3. to address the issue of abuses in the Church
Peace of Ausburg
gave German rulers the right to choose the religion for their state
prince henry the navigator
Prince of Portugal who established an observatory and school of navigation at Sagres and directed voyages that spurred the growth of Portugal's colonial empire.
Treaty of Tordesillas
In 1492 Spain and Portugal came to an agreement between land division
The Aztecs' decline.
-Many physical and human resources funneled into religious activities
- Need for prisoners changes warfare style to less and deadly and less aggressive.
-Tribute States are rebellious and need to be controlled.
What important changes took place in Russia in the late 1600s and early 1700s?
In the start of the 1600's in Russia began the Romanov Dynasty. Also It expanded throughout the entire top of Asia.
The church promised that you're sins could be forgiven if you give them money and buy your way to Heaven