China's earliest history book, though much of it is clearly legendary. (Think of the Old Testament in the Bible, which is similarly a mixture of history and myth.)
One of the FIVE CONFUCIAN CLASSICS, written around 600 bce.
Confucius loved and praised it, so China "canonized" it as a great book, kind of like a book of the Bible to the West.
Tells Xia, Shang, and Zhou history.