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Chapter 19 - WWI
Terms in this set (30)
prepare for war
Germany and Austria-Hungary
Britain, France, Russia, and Serbia
a promise not to attack ships without warning
Telegram from Germany promising the American Southwest to Mexico if it declared war on the United States
American Expeditionary Force (AEF)
3 million men served
deliberate killing of a group of people
special war bonds sold to Americans; raised a lot of money
government price establishment on food
speech urging people to rebel against the authority of a higher power
principles made by President Wilson to make the world safe from war
make decisions about one's own future
League of Nations
an organization of all the nations to work for worldwide security and peace
payments by a defeating state for the economic injuries from war
peace treaty that ended WWI in June 1919
What role did bias play in Americans' response to the war?
Americans w/ roots from Germany and Ireland tended to have bias against Great Britain. Most Americans were biased towards the Allies and against the Central Powers.
How were civil liberties restricted during the war? What were some responses to those restrictions?
The Espionage Act of 1917 made it illegal to interfere w/ the draft. Sedition Act made it illegal to speak out against the government. Some people continued to discriminate against the war even though they could face jail time.
The text states, "waging war required many sacrifices at home." What evidence can you cite to support this conclusion?
women had to cover jobs
What role did public opinion play in the United States decision to enter World War 1?
False propaganda by Britain against Germany
What were the main causes of WWI?
Militarism, Alliances, Imperialism, Nationalism, and the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand
Describe the first three months of the war in Europe in your own words.
It was a lot of claiming land. It started out w/ an invasion of Serbia by Austria Hungary. An invasion of Belgium, Luxembourg, and France by Germany. Lastly, a Russian attack against Germany.
What were the reactions in the United States to the outbreak of the war in Europe?
Americans didn't want them to be the next country to be drawn in. President Wilson wanted to declare the U.S. as neutral.
Why did the United States declare war on Germany?
Because of the sinking of neutral ships, Zimmerman note, Russian revolution, and anti-German bias amongst most Americans.
Name some of the military inventions introduced during World War 1
Airplanes, submarines, tanks, machine guns, trench warfare, & poison gas.
Why and how did the government try to control the economy at home?
By rationing due to shortages in essential goods because a lot of it was sent to the military. They persuaded people by using propaganda.
How did the American troops help turn the tide of the war on the battlefield?
Americans used a convoy system to protect their ships from German U-boats. They also fought along the front and deep in Allied territory and saved Paris.
Why and how did the government influence what people said about the war?
The government wanted to enforce loyalty to the Allied cause. To do this, they censored press, banned some publications, and passed a Sedition Act.
What was the American reaction to the Versailles Treaty and to the league of Nations?
Congress was afraid the L.o.N. would get the US into foreign wars. Congress voted to disregard the Versailles Treaty and signed its own peace treaty with Germany.
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