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The study of Earth in all its variety

Cardinal Directions

Basic directions on the Earth: north, south, east, west

Intermediate Directions

Directions between the cardinal directions: northeast, southeast, northwest, southwest


Imaginary line that runs through the Earth's center between the north and south poles


A flat drawing of all or part of the Earth's surface


A round scale model of the Earth


One-half of the globe; the Equator divides the Earth into Northern and Southern Hemispheres; the Prime Meridian divides it into Eastern and Western hemispheres


Location north or south of the equator; measured by imaginary lines (parallels) that are numbered in degrees north or south


Location east or west of the Prime Meridian, measured by imaginary lines (meridians) numbered in degrees east or west


A measuring line, often called a scale bar, helps you figure distance on the map, usually in miles or kilometers

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