42 terms

Geography Ch 3 Section 1& 2 notes


Terms in this set (...)

a short -term of changes in the air for a given place in time
a region's average weather condition over a long period
Prevailing winds
winds that blow in the same direction over large areas of earth
Ocean currents
large streams of surface sea water and it also moves heat around the earth
the place where two air masses of different temperatures or moisture content meet
What affect weather and climate?
Sun, location, wind, water, and mountains
How is weather and climate different?
weather is from day to day; hour to hour
(short term)
climate-the weather' s condition for a period of time.
How does Earth' s tilt on its axis effect climate?
causes the season to changes
What is the effect of Earth' s rotation on prevailing winds?
prevaling winds are winds that blows in the same direction over large areas of earth.
What parts of Earth receive the most heat from the sun?
Why do the poles receive less solar energy than the equator?
the poles are tilted away from the sun.
What creates wind?
heat from the sun, air and water.
How do ocean currents and large bodies of water affect climate?
cooler air blows in from the ocean.
What is rain shadow?
Most of the moisture in the ocean air falls on the mountinside facing the wind.
Why might a mountaintop and nearby valley have widely different temperatures?
the higher the altitude the colder it gets near the mountain, so it would be warmer in the valley
Temperature climates occur in the__________ latitudes.
__________ winds shift direction with the seasons and create wet and dry periods.
Lush forests are common in a ___________ climate.
humid tropical
As you go up to the top of a mountain, temperatures tend to get _____________.
Dry air and clear skies keep the ______ warm at night.
areas of tall grasses, scattered trees, and warm all year
semidry grasslands or prairies that border deserts
Subarctic climate
has long and bitterly cold winters, short and cool summers
seasonal winds that bring dry or moist air
permanently frozen soil
Which term does not belong in this group? Coastal, Polar, Temperature, and Tropical
Which term does not belong in this group? Subarctic, Tundra, Desert, and Ice Cap
Which term does not belong in this group? Humid Continental, Marine West Coast, Mediterranean, and Steppe
Which term does not belong in this group? Monsoon, Muggy, Prairies, and Rain forest
The side ways movement of air blown in great streams around the planet.
True or False Solar rays are more direct and concentrated near the equator.
True or False Sun rays are less direct and more spread out.
The weight changes with temperature. Cold t temperature is ________than warm air.
As warm air rises, __________ air moves in to take its place by creating wind.
________ __________ causes prevailing winds to curve east or west rather than floating directly north or south.
Earth's rotation
Ocean currents and large streams of surface seawater move _____________around the Earth.
Air mass
Large bodies of air
__________ can produce rain or snow as well as severe weather.
A small rapidly twisting funnel of air that touches the ground
Hurricanes and typhoons are the same
Where do typhoons form?
Pacific ocean
______ _______effect a dry area on the mountainside facing away from the direction
Rain shadow