42 terms

Geography Ch 3 Section 1& 2 notes

STUDY
PLAY
Weather
a short -term of changes in the air for a given place in time
Climate
a region's average weather condition over a long period
Prevailing winds
winds that blow in the same direction over large areas of earth
Ocean currents
large streams of surface sea water and it also moves heat around the earth
Front
the place where two air masses of different temperatures or moisture content meet
What affect weather and climate?
Sun, location, wind, water, and mountains
How is weather and climate different?
weather is from day to day; hour to hour
(short term)
climate-the weather' s condition for a period of time.
How does Earth' s tilt on its axis effect climate?
causes the season to changes
What is the effect of Earth' s rotation on prevailing winds?
prevaling winds are winds that blows in the same direction over large areas of earth.
What parts of Earth receive the most heat from the sun?
equator
Why do the poles receive less solar energy than the equator?
the poles are tilted away from the sun.
What creates wind?
heat from the sun, air and water.
How do ocean currents and large bodies of water affect climate?
cooler air blows in from the ocean.
What is rain shadow?
Most of the moisture in the ocean air falls on the mountinside facing the wind.
Why might a mountaintop and nearby valley have widely different temperatures?
the higher the altitude the colder it gets near the mountain, so it would be warmer in the valley
Temperature climates occur in the__________ latitudes.
middle
__________ winds shift direction with the seasons and create wet and dry periods.
Monsoon
Lush forests are common in a ___________ climate.
humid tropical
As you go up to the top of a mountain, temperatures tend to get _____________.
cooler
Dry air and clear skies keep the ______ warm at night.
desert
Savanna
areas of tall grasses, scattered trees, and warm all year
Steppe
semidry grasslands or prairies that border deserts
Subarctic climate
has long and bitterly cold winters, short and cool summers
Monsoon
seasonal winds that bring dry or moist air
Permafrost
permanently frozen soil
Which term does not belong in this group? Coastal, Polar, Temperature, and Tropical
Coastal
Which term does not belong in this group? Subarctic, Tundra, Desert, and Ice Cap
Desert
Which term does not belong in this group? Humid Continental, Marine West Coast, Mediterranean, and Steppe
Steppe
Which term does not belong in this group? Monsoon, Muggy, Prairies, and Rain forest
Prairies
Wind
The side ways movement of air blown in great streams around the planet.
True or False Solar rays are more direct and concentrated near the equator.
True
True or False Sun rays are less direct and more spread out.
True
The weight changes with temperature. Cold t temperature is ________than warm air.
Heavier
As warm air rises, __________ air moves in to take its place by creating wind.
Cooler
________ __________ causes prevailing winds to curve east or west rather than floating directly north or south.
Earth's rotation
Ocean currents and large streams of surface seawater move _____________around the Earth.
Heat
Air mass
Large bodies of air
__________ can produce rain or snow as well as severe weather.
Fronts
Tornados
A small rapidly twisting funnel of air that touches the ground
Hurricanes and typhoons are the same
....
Where do typhoons form?
Pacific ocean
______ _______effect a dry area on the mountainside facing away from the direction
Rain shadow
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