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5.06, 5.08, 5.09- Art and Politics, Surrealism, American Scene Painting and Regionalism
Terms in this set (12)
a style of art and literature developed principally in the 20th century, stressing the subconscious or nonrational significance of imagery arrived at by automatism or the exploitation of chance effects, unexpected juxtapositions, etc.
American Scene Painting
a naturalist style of paintings and art popular during the first half of the 20th century in the United States. The artists of the movement depicted scenes of typical American life and landscape (painted in a naturalistic, descriptive style).
a style of American painting developed chiefly 1930-40 in which subject matter was derived principally from rural areas.
The Great Depression
the economic crisis and period of low business activity in the U.S. and other countries, roughly beginning with the stock-market crash in October, 1929, and continuing through most of the 1930s.
a Spanish surrealist painter, sculptor, and ceramicist (Notable work:Dutch Interior II, Horse, Pipe and Red Flower, 1920,Carrer de Pedralbes)
a prominent Spanish artist and Surrealist movement leader perhaps best known for his eccentric appearance and behavior, painting of melting clocks (Notable work:The Persistence of Memory (1931), Soft Construction with Boiled Beans (Premonition of Civil War) (1936), The Elephants (1948),Galatea of the Spheres)
1879-1940, A German artist. His highly individual style was influenced by movements in art that included Expressionism, Cubism, and Surrealism(Notable work: Castle and Sun, Cat and Bird, Senecio)
An American painter best known for his paintings depicting the rural American Midwest, particularly American Gothic, an iconic painting of the 20th century(Notable work:American Gothic (1930), Daughters of Revolution (1932), The Midnight Ride of Paul Revere)
an American documentary photographer and photojournalist, best known for her Depression-era work for the Farm Security Administration (FSA).Her photographs humanized the consequences of the Great Depression and influenced the development of documentary photography(Notable work:Migrant Mother, White Angel Breadline (1933))
a prominent American realist painter and printmaker. He was most popularly known for his oil paintings but, he was equally proficient as a watercolorist and printmaker in etching. Both in his urban and rural scenes reflected modern American life (Notable work:Automat (1927), Chop Suey (1929), Nighthawks (1942), Office in a Small City (1953)
a type of watercolor paint with an opaque quality
Basque town in northern Spain: bombed and destroyed in 1937 by German planes helping the insurgents in the Spanish Civil War, also the name of a painting(1937) by Pablo Picasso.
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