World History Chapter 1 Section 1
Terms in this set (51)
The period before writing
The study of the past societies through an analysis of what people have left behind.
tools , pottery, paintings, weapons, building, and household items- of early peoples
The study of human life and culture.
What do Anthropologist use artifacts and the remains of humans (human fossils) for?
to determine how people lived their lives.
Dating Artifacts and Fossils
One of the most important and difficult jobs of both archaeologists and anthropologist.
is only accurate for dating objects that are no more than about 50,000 years old.
enables scientists to make relatively precise measurements back to 200,000 years.
How long will Blood molecules survive (Use of DNA)?
millions of years.
The earliest humanlike creatures lived in Africa when?
3 - 4 million years ago
Australopithecines- or "southern apes"
flourished in eastern and southern Africa. They were first hominids (humans & other creatures that walk upright) to make simple stone tools.
What human species emerged in the 2nd stage in early human development?
( "Upright human being"), a species that emerged around 1.5 million years ago.
What evolutionary advances were Homo Erectus known for?
Made larger and more varied tools, 1st to leave Africa and move into Europe and Asia.
What human species emerged in the 3rd stage in human development
(" wise human being" )
What 2 distinct and important groups did Homo Sapiens bread?
Neanderthals & Homo Sapiens Sapiens
What evolutionary advances were Neanderthals known for?
Made clothes from skins of animals and killed for food.
Where were Neanderthals found?
1st found in the Neander Valley in Germany. Have been found in Europe and SW Asia.
When did Neanderthal remains date back to?
Remains have been dated between 100,000 & 30,000 B.C.
What evolutionary advances were Homo Sapiens Sapiens known for?
1st anatomically modern humans
Where were Homo Sapiens Sapiens found?
Appeared in Africa between 150,000 and 200,000 years ago
When did Homo Sapien Sapiens begin to move from there original location?
Began to spread outside of Africa about 100,000 years ago.
Homo Sapiens Sapiens had replaced the Neanderthals by when?
By when could members of the Homo Sapiens Sapiens could be found throughout the world?
early period of human history in which humans used simple stone tools.
What does Paleolithic mean?
Greek for old stone and Paleolithic Age is sometimes called the Old Stone Age.
How did humans get their food in the Paleolithic Age?
relied on hunting and gathering for their daily food.
What foods did humans gather during the paleolithic age?
They gathered wild nuts, berries, fruits, wild grains, and green plants.
The Roles of Women during the Paleolithic age?
picked berries, nuts, and grains.
The Roles of men during the Paleolithic age?
did most of the hunting of large animals
When was the most recent Ice Age
about 100,000 B.C. - 8000 B.C.
During the most recent Ice Age, what happened?
sheets of thick ice covered large parts of Europe, Asia, and N. America
What were humans first attempts at Creating Art?
Cave paintings were done between 25,000 & 12,000 B.C.
scholar who studies and writes about the historical past
Mary Leakey and Louis Leakey
anthropologists who found evidence of early hominids in Olduvai Gorge.
canyon in Tanzania, with rock layers dated at 1.7 to 2.1 million years old, where Leakeys found evidence of early hominids.
the skills and tools that humans use to meet their basic needs and wants
anthropologist who found the bones of a 3 million year old hominid skeleton he named "Lucy"
What do Historians do?
Assess info, Determine reliability, Look for causes, Explain events
What do Anthropologists do?
investigate how culture has changed since prehistoric times.
What do Archaeologists do?
Study artifacts- objects left behind, such as tools, weapons, or jewelry, and Use artifacts to draw conclusions about a society's culture
objects left behind, such as tools, weapons, or jewelry
Artifact styles change over time. Newer artifacts are buried on top of older ones. Associated geological features can be a clue
Bones lose certain chemical elements at a set rate. The age of wood can be determined. Carbon- 14, an element in all previously living things, decays at a set rate.
What do Botanist do?
What do Geologists do?
determine the age of a site by testing the surrounding land and rocks
What do Biologists do?
analyze physical traces, such as bloodstains on weapons
When do Homo Habilis date back to?
2 million years ago
What evolutionary advances were Homo Habilis known for?
made stone tools for cutting, scraping, and chopping
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