faith and rev exam study guide
Terms in this set (74)
What are the four marks of the Church?
List the four genres of New Testament books and name one book included in each.
History// Acts of the Apostles
Law// Gospel of John
Prophecy// Book of Revelation
Wisdom// The letter to the Hebrews (any epistle)
Why is the Church trustworthy?
Jesus founded the Church, God is the overseer, and the church (as a whole) has never wavered from Christ's mission
What authority and power did Christ give to His Church (i.e. the Apostles)?
God's self communication by which he makes known his divine plan & the mystery of it; lifts the veil at the end of reason.
what God communicates simply through creation (senses, reason, intellect); used to come to a greater knowledge of God by looking at God's creations which teach us more about him and his vision
God's speaking to all mankind through chosen individuals/ it's above and beyond our nature; used to come to a greater knowledge of God by reading the gospels and listening to what the prophets said so we can learn more about God and his plan for us (Ex-- gospel writers and prophets)
Why is natural revelation limited in coming to a complete knowledge of the truth?
It does not give us a complete knowledge of truth on its own, but with supernatural revelation we are getting to the full knowledge of God and truth.
According to the Church, what is the relationship of faith and reason in helping humans' know the truth?
-They are both fundamental ways to know God
-Need both to have a full knowledge of God (they are complementary)
the identity between what is said or known (in the mind) and what is (in reality)
four properties of objective truth
-it is discovered NOT invented--- it's always been there
-it's transcultural--- if something is true it's true for everyone, everywhere
-truth is unchanging--- truth doesn't change, even though our beliefs about truth change
-beliefs can't change a fact--- if something is proven then it can't be changed
the love of wisdom; the science in which natural reason, apart from divine revelation, seeks to understand all things by a knowledge of their 1st causes/ based on logical reasoning rather than empirical methods/ studies existence, reality, knowledge, and goodness-- USES REASON
study of God; investigates the contents of beliefs by means of reason enlightened by faith, in order to acquire a deeper understanding of revelation/ Saint Thomas Aquinas defended it as a science--- USES F & R
practice of systematically observing the nature of nature so we might better understand the laws and structures that govern it/ can only provide us answers regarding what can be observed/ existence, reality, knowledge and goodness are NOT physically seen/ not reason itself--- USES REASON
List and explain the "Five Ways" of St. Thomas Aquinas that demonstrate God's existence.
Proof from Motion- since everything is at rest until set into motion by something else, there must be a First Mover who is himself unmoved. That First Mover we call God.
Proof from Contingency- everything in the world has a maker, so there must be a First Maker who was not himself made. That Maker we call God.
Proof from Necessary vs. Possible Being- there must be one at least one necessary being. That Necessary Being we call God.
Proof from Degrees of Perfection- we would not have standards of truth, goodness, beauty, etc. If there were not something that is the truest, the most good, and the most beautiful. That Most Perfect Thing we call God.
Proof from Design- when we look around us, we see evidence of design. The world did not end up this way just randomly. If there is a design, there must be a designer. That Designer we call God.
denies the existence of God and rejects both kinds of revelation
says that God is a supreme, distant being and rejects supernatural revelation
rejects the use of reason in religion but believes God is the Christian God and rejects natural revelation (faith w/o reason)
says there are many gods and rejects supernatural revelation
says that God is the universe and that God doesn't exist outside of nature or the universe and rejects supernatural revelation
Will studying theology guarantee entrance to heaven?
Why should we study theology?
To learn about God and bc it is relevant to everything and everyone
Why is the ability of man to know God through reason limited?
Original sin clouds our reason and prevents us from knowing God fully
End or purpose
a sign, wonder, or event which transcends the laws of nature and therefore can be attributed to divine power; an extraordinary happening that defies the laws of nature and can only be attributed to God
Jesus healed people of their physical and spiritual what?
*** What are the three Motives of Credibility regarding miracles? Give an example of a famous Catholic miracle and how it meets all motives of credibility.
The motives of credibility are the external evidence God gave us to believe in revelation
-External evidence-- defies natural explanation extraordinary happening ex// bleeding Eucharist
-Internal evidence-- does it bring people closer to God or inspire holiness etc.
-The dignity of the message-- does it reinforce church teaching and revelation
when God personally communicates a truth to a human being
Ex- Mose getting the 10 commandments and God to Noah that he would not flood the world again
from God by means of another person
Ex- Reading from The Bible and a priest's homily at Mass
the official teachings of the church that end with Jesus Christ and his apostles
the lives of the saints, miracles through the saints and the apparitions of Mary which aid us in our faith in public revelation; don't add anything new that is essential for salvation, but carry a message for a particular time
Can atheists believe in miracles?
No, because it wouldn't make sense for them to believe in something that is from God if they don't believe in God
the heritage of faith contained in sacred scripture and tradition, handed on in the church from the time of the Apostles, from which the Magisterium draws all that it proposes for belief as being divinely revealed.
Deposit of Faith
the teaching office of the church, protected by the Holy Spirit that gives the church the power to transmit Christ's gospel correctly/ Pope and bishops in union/ the Holy Spirit helps the bishops to spread the word as they keep the church together.
When is the pope infallible?
when he definitively proclaims a doctrine regarding the faith and morals.
Who were the very first leaders of the Church?
Who did Jesus give to the Church to ensure that Revelation was transmitted correctly?
Who is the author of Sacred Scripture?
God is the primary author of Sacred Scripture and the human authors are the secondary authors as they wrote down what was revealed to them by God.
Complete the quote: "Ignorance of Scripture is ignorance of..."
What are the literary senses of Scripture?
Recall three reasons why the Church does not rely on only Scripture (i.e. Sola Scriptura)
Because it is unworkable, unbiblical, and unreasonable
-Protestants say we should only follow things that are written down in the Bible, but "Sola Scriptura" isn't found anywhere in the Bible
-It was the Magisterium that decided which books were divinely inspired and should be a part of the Bible, so there would b no Bible if it were not for the Magisterium and the Tradition of the Church.
-The Early Church relied upon Church Fathers' interpretations of Scripture and on their writings.
-The Apostles exercised their authority at the Council of Jerusalem, and made a decision to allow Gentiles into the Church which was not based on anything written in Scripture. This shows their authority to interpret Scripture which they passed down through Apostolic Succession.
the word entrusted by Christ to the Apostles/ their successors and communicated by preaching & teaching to every generation of Christians under the guidance of the Holy Spirit/ includes sacred scripture; It is scared because the Church receives divine assistance from God to transmit the Gospel.
List and describe the major sources of Catholic Sacred Tradition.
-Teachings of the church expressed in prayers and sacramental rites
-The history of the church
-The church fathers who left us a testimony of the living tradition of the gospel through their writings
Compare Sacred Tradition with human tradition.
Sacred- carries a certain authority
Human- no authority attached
What are the three requirements for being a Church Father?
-Holiness of life
the Bible teaches the truth firmly and faithfully
the Bible teaches the truth w/o error
What did Marcion believe about the Old Testament?
-that Christians do not need the Old Testament -that there were 2 Gods - 1 evil, cruel Creator God of the Old Testament and 1 merciful, kind Redeemer God of the New Testament.
Why were his ideas rejected by the Church?
This is incorrect because Christians need the Old Testament.
-The New Testament fulfills everything in the Old Testament. It does not make sense unless you know the Old Testament.
-Many prophecies in the Old Testament are fulfilled in the New.
-The Old Testament prepared the world for Jesus and can prepare us too.
-In the Old Testament, we learn more about God's justice, but in the New Testament, we learn more about God's mercy.
What are the four genres of Old Testament books?
-Books of law (aka the Torah, the Pentateuch, and the Books of Moses)
What is another name for the Books of the Law? (begins with a "P")
coming out of
Briefly describe the three steps to the Passover.
-Paint blood of unblemished lamb on door
-Eat bitter herbs and flesh of lamb and unleavened
-Eat with your sandals on
The Ten Plagues correspond to what?
10 Egyptian gods and goddesses
List the Ten Commandments.
1. I am the Lord your God: you shall not have strange gods before me.
2. You shall not take the name of the Lord your God in vain.
3. Remember to keep holy the Lord's Day.
4. Honor your father and your mother.
5. You shall not kill.
6. You shall not commit adultery.
7. You shall not steal.
8. You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.
9. You shall not covet your neighbor's wife.
10. You shall not covet your neighbor's goods.
Are the 10 commandments applicable to all societies?
First man & woman
Protoevangelium (1st gospel/ God promises a savior)
Adam & Eve
Built the ark
covenant- God wouldn't flood the Earth again
sign was a rainbow
Original name was Abram (father of nations)/ called by God to follow him
-God promised there would be a nation from him (kids)
-Israelites would be a blessing to the nations
God sent him to get his people out of slavery from the Pharaoh
covenant- God promised that the Israelites would be a kingdom of priests and a holy nation
(Conditions - Follow the 10 commandments)
Young shepherd boy, youngest in his family, seemed least capable to become king, good king, loved God
-He would be the founder of a dynasty
-their son would be the ruler of a kingdom
-their son would build the temple to house the Ark of the Covenant
-their son would be adopted as God's own son
-God would never disown God's line, the dynasty would never end
(The covenant is UNCONDITIONAL- God does not place any conditions on the fulfillment of his promises)
Brought the Ark of the Covenant to Jerusalem, showing his understanding of Israel not just as a nation but as a holy people of God
-next king of Israel
-built the temple for the Ark of the Covenant
-asked God for wisdom & he granted it to him
-married foreign wives and built temples for their pagan gods
What is the Protoevangelium?
God telling Adam and Eve there will be a savior
What are the four types of mysteries of the Rosary?
States Jesus is a Liar, Lunatic, or Lord
The life and teachings of Christ
Why is Jesus called the Lamb of God? Consider His Passion and the Last Supper.
Christ became the spotless Passover Lamb and through his blood shed on the Cross, man is freed from slavery to sin; He is the sacrificial lamb just like the one at the passover
Why is the Resurrection of Christ significant and what makes it credible?
Confirms Jesus' divinity and teachings
-The Apostles had no reason to make everything up.
-They had nothing to gain from lying.
-The Apostles weren't myth makers.
-The Gospels are written as eye witness accounts not as myths.
Why is Jesus often considered the most influential person of history? What makes him stand out among the other major leaders of world religion?
That Jesus Claimed to be God, not just a prophet
We had prophets foretelling of the coming of Jesus
Why can't one simply consider Jesus a good moral teacher and nothing more? To answer, recall the Jesus Trilemma.
Because he did not say he was a good moral teacher he said he was God, and if he wasn't God he was a liar; and liars are not good moral teachers
The lineage of Catholic Bishops through the ages, in which each has his office in a direct link to one of the Twelve Apostles
What came first, Sacred Tradition or Scripture?