Interpreting Sacred Scripture; Articles 20-31
Terms in this set (30)
Most people (especially Christians) have very strong opinions about the Bible and what it is saying, and often disagree, so God gave us what?
The Magisterium so that we can correctly interpret the Bible and understand what it means.
Jesus gives us what when not only reading the Bible, but He also gives this to the Magisterium and the Apostles.
The Holy Spirit.
What is biblical exegesis?
The process of interpreting and understanding a passage from Sacred Scripture.
What is analogy of faith?
When Bible scholars (people who study the Bible) must look at how all the truths of our faith connect, so that understanding one truth helps us understand others.
What are the two senses of reading scripture?
The literal sense and the spiritual sense.
What is the literal sense?
Taking the statement totally as it is. In order to do this, you need to know about the time and place the book was written in.
What is the spiritual sense?
The deeper, spiritual meaning behind the passage. There are three categories of this.
What are the three categories of the spiritual sense?
The allegorical sense, the moral sense, and the anagogical sense.
What is the allegorical sense?
If a passage is allegorical it is using a symbol.
What is the moral sense?
Shows us how to live (what is right and wrong).
What is the anagogical sense?
How the passage is hinting at / talking about heaven.
What do Bible scholars look at to understand what the human authors were saying?
The literary form.
What is literary form?
The different kinds of writing, determined by their literary techniques, tone, content, or purpose / style of writing.
What is the most famous / important archaeological discovery of the last hundred years?
The Dead Sea Scrolls.
The Catholic Church uses all kinds of methods to interpret the Bible, but tends to stay away from what?
The fundamentalist approach.
What is the fundamentalist approach?
It takes each Bible passage literally, as it is, without paying attention to the culture or time it was written in.
Instead the Church uses what to understand Scripture?
The contextualist approach.
What is the contextualist approach?
It takes into account the senses of Scripture, literary forms, the culture of the time, Sacred Tradition, analogy of faith, etc.
As Christinas we do what with the Old Testament?
Why do we venerate the Old Testament?
Because it is known as the true word of God because it is the foundation of our identity as a people. And contains the revelation of GOd that lays the framework for Christianity.
What is the meaning of the Old Testament?
Not to be historically correct, but to show a loving & communicative relationship between God and the Hebrew / Jewish people.
The Old Testament is divided into four categories what are they?
Books of the Law/ Pentateuch/ Torah, the Historical Books, The Prophetic Books and The Wisdom Books.
What are the Books of the Law/ Pentateuch/ Torah?
The first five books which talk about: creation, sin, and the forming of the Israelites.
What are the Historical Books?
They tell of Jewish trials & triumphs before Christ and how god does not abandon them.
What are the Prophetic books?
They tell about how the prophets warn / teach / guide the Jews and predict the coming of the Messiah.
What are the wisdom books?
They tell about practical spiritual advice on how to be wise and holy.
What does the New Testament center on?
Jesus, and the forming of Christianity.
The Old Testament does what for the New Testament?
It lays the framework for God's revelation. (Ex: alley oop pass= O.T., dunk= N.T.)
What are the Gospels?
The accounts of Jesus' life (most importantly His passion, death, Resurrection, and ascension).
What are the Acts of the Apostles?
The story of the Apostles after Jesus and the forming of the Church.