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Activities of daily living

Activities oriented toward taking care of one's own body. Fundamental to living a social world; they enable basic survival and well-being


A class of human actions that are goal directed

Activity analysis

Address is the typical demands of activity, the range of skills involved in its performance, the various cultural meetings that might be ascribed to it

Activity demands

The aspect of activity, which include the objects and her physical properties, space, social demands, sequencing or timing, required actions or skills, and required underlining body functions and body structures needed to carry out the activity


Response approach the client makes encountering an occupational challenge.


The pursuit of influencing outcomes - including public policy and resource allocation decisions within political, economic, and social systems and institutions - that directly affect people's lives

Analysis of occupational performance

Part of the evaluation process. Collecting information the assessment tools designed to observe, measure, and inquire about selected factors that support her hinder occupational performance

Areas of occupation

Various kinds of activities in which people engage, including the following categories: ADLs, IADLs, rest and sleep, education, work, play, leisure, and social participation


Specific tools or instruments that are used during the evaluation process


Any cognitive content held as true by the client

Body functions

The physiological functions of the body systems including psychological functions

Body structures

Anatomical parts of the body such as organs, limbs, and their components that support body function


The entity that receives occupational therapy services. May include: individuals, organizations, populations

Client centered approach

An orientation that honors the desires and priorities of clients and designing and implementing interventions

Client factors

Those factors residing within the client that may affect performance in areas of occupation. Include values, beliefs, and spirituality; body functions and body structures

Clinical reasoning

Complex multifaceted cognitive process used by practitioners to plan, direct, perform, and reflect on intervention

Communication and social skills

Actions or behaviors a person uses to communicate and interact with others in an interactive environment

Cognitive skills

Actions or behaviors a client uses to plan and manage the performance of activity


Refers to a variety of interrelated conditions within and surrounding the client that influence performance. Include cultural, personal, temporal, and virtual


Activities that implicitly involve at least two people

Cultural context

Customs, beliefs, activity patterns, behavior standards, and expectations accepted by the society of which the client is a member.


The sphere of activity, concerns, or function


Includes learning activities needed when participating in an environment

Emotional regulation skills

Actions or behaviors that client uses to identify, manage, and express feelings while engaging in activities or interacting with others


The act of sharing activities


The external physical and social environment that surrounds the client in which the client's daily life occupations occur


The process of obtaining and interpreting data necessary for intervention. Includes planning for and documenting the evaluation process and results


The results of achievement toward which effort is directed; aim; end


Automatic behavior that is integrated into more complex patterns that enable people to function on a day-to-day basis. Can be useful, dominating, or impoverished and either support or interfere with performance in areas of occupation


a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. A state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, as well as a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources

Health Promotion 1

the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. To reach a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being, an individual or group must be able to identify and realize aspirations, to satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment

Health Promotion 2

Creating the conditions necessary for health at individual, social, structural,and environmental levels through an understanding of the determinants of health: please, shelter, education, food, income, stable ecosystem, sustainable resources, social justice, and equity


The real or perceived belief that one can move toward a goal for selected pathways


A composite definition of the self and includes an interpersonal aspect... an aspect of possibility or potential, and a values aspect. Can be viewed as a superordinate view of ourselves that includes self-esteem and self concept but also importantly reflects and is influenced by the larger social world in which we find ourselves


A self-directed state of being characterized by an individual's ability to participate in necessary and preferred occupations and satisfying manner regardless of the amount or kind of external assistance desired or required

Instrumental activities of daily living

Activities to support daily life within the home is often require more complex interactions and self-care used in ADLs


The reliance that people have on each other as natural consequence of group living. Endangers a spirit of social inclusion, mutual aid, and moral commitment and responsibility to recognize and support difference


What one finds enjoyable and satisfying to do


The process and skilled actions taken by occupational therapy practitioners in collaboration with the client to facilitate engagement and occupation related to health and participation. Process includes the plan, implementation, and review

Intervention approaches

Specific strategies selected to direct the process of interventions that are based on the clients desired outcome, evaluation date, and evidence


A nonobligatory activity that is intrinsically motivated and engaged in during discretionary time, time not committed to obligatory occupations such as work, self-care, or sleep

Motor and praxis skills

Actions or behaviors that client uses to move and physically interact with tasks, objects, contacts, and environments. Includes planning, sequencing, and executing novel movements

Occupation 1

Goal directed pursuits that typically extend over time have meaning to the performance, and involve multiple tasks

Occupation 2

Daily activities that reflect cultural values, provide structure to living, and meeting to individuals; activities meet human needs for self-care, enjoyment, and participation in society

Occupation 3

Activities people engage and throughout their daily lives to fill the time and give life meaning. Involve mental abilities and skills and may not have an observable physical dimension

Occupation 4

Activities of everyday life, named, organized, and given value and meaning that individuals in the culture. Everything people do to occupy themselves, including looking after themselves, enjoying life, and contributing to social and economic fabric of their communities

Occupation 5

A dynamic relationship among occupational form, the person with a unique developmental structure, subjective meanings and purpose, and the resulting occupational performance

Occupation 6

Chunks of daily activities that can be named in the lexicon of the culture

Occupation based intervention

Type of occupational therapy intervention, the client centered intervention in which the OT practitioner and the client collaboratively select and design activities that have specific relevance or meaning to the client and support the clients interests, need, health, and participation in daily life

Occupational justice 1

Justice related to opportunities and resources required for occupational participation sufficient to satisfy personal needs and full citizenship

Occupational justice 2

To experience meaning and enrichment and ones occupations; to participate in a range of occupations for health and social inclusion; to make choices and shared decision-making power in daily life; and to receive equal privileges for diverse participation in occupations

Occupational performance

The act of doing and accomplishing a selected activity or occupation that results from the dynamic transaction among the client, the context, and the activity. Improving or enabling skills and patterns of occupational performance leads to engagement in occupations or activities. Improvement fo enhancement

Occupational profile

A summary of clients occupational history, patterns of daily living, interests, values, and needs

Occupational science

An interdisciplinary academic discipline in the social and behavioral sciences dedicated to the study of the form, function, and the meaning of human occupations

Occupational therapy

The therapeutic use of everyday life activities with individuals or groups for the purpose of participation and roles and situations and home, school, workplace, community and other settings. Provided for the purpose of promoting health and wellness into those who have or are at risk for developing an illness, injury, disease, disorder, condition, impairment, disability, activity limitation, or participation restriction. Addresses the physical, cognitive, psychosocial, sensory, and other aspects performance in a variety of context to support engagement in everyday life activities that affect health, well-being, and quality-of-life.


Entities with a common purpose or enterprise such as a business, industries, or agencies


What OT actually achieves for the consumers of its services. Change desired by the client that can focus on any area of the clients occupational performance. Include occupational performance, adaptation, health and wellness, participation, prevention, quality-of-life, role competence, self advocacy, occupational justice


Involvement in a life situation

Performance patterns

Patterns of behavior related to daily life activities that are habitual or routine. Include habits, routines, rituals, and roles

Performance skills

The abilities clients demonstrate the actions they perform


Individuals, including families, caregivers, teachers, employees, relevant others


Features of the individual that are not part of a health condition or health status. Includes age, gender, socioeconomic, and educational status, organizational levels, and population levels

Physical environment

The natural and built nonhuman environment and objects in them


Any spontaneous or organized activity that provides enjoyment, entertainment, amusement, or diversion


Large groups as a whole, such as refugees, homeless veterans, people who need wheel chairs


Skilled purposeful movements.
Ability to carry out sequential motor acts as part of an overall plan rather than individual acts.
Ability to carry out learned motor activity, including following through on a verbal command, visual spatial construction, ocular and oral motor skills, imitation of a person or object, and sequencing actions
Organization of temporal sequences of actions within the spatial context; which form meaningful occupations

Preparatory methods

Methods and techniques that prepare the client for occupational performance. Use in preparation for or concurrently with purposeful and occupation based activities


Health promotion is equally and essentially concerned with creating the conditions necessary for health of individual, structural, social, and environmental levels through an understanding of the determinants of health.
Promoting a healthy lifestyle at the individual, group, organizational, community, governmental/policy level


Description of the way in which OT practitioners operationalize their expertise to provide services to clients. Process includes evaluation, intervention, outcome monitoring; occurs with and the purview of the domain; involves collaboration among the OT, OTA, and the client

Purposeful activity

A goal directed behavior or activity with a therapeutically designed context that leads to an occupation or occupations. Specifically selected activities that allow the client to develop skills that enhance occupational engagement

Quality of life

Client dynamic appraisal of life satisfactions, self-concept, health and functioning, and socioeconomic factors


A reassessment of the clients performance and goals to determine the type and amount of change


Symbolic actions the spiritual, cultural, or social meaning, contributing to the clients identity and reinforcing the clients values and beliefs. Highly symbolic, with a strong affective component and representation of a collection of events


Sets of behaviors expected by society, shaped by culture, and maybe further conceptualized and defined by the client


Patterns of behavior that are observable, regular, repetitive, and that provide structure for daily life. Can be satisfying, promoting, or damaging. Require momentary time commitment and are embedded in a cultural ecological context


Quiet and effortless functions that interact physical and mental activity, resulting in a relaxed state

Self advocacy

Understanding your strengths and needs, identifying with your personal goals, knowing your legal rights and responsibilities, and communicating these to others

Sensory perceptual skills

Actions or behaviors of client uses to locate, identify, and responded to sensations to select, interpret, associate, organize, and remember sensory events the associations that include visual, auditory, proprioceptive, tactile, olfactory, gustatory, and vestibular sensations


A natural periodic state of rest for the mind and body, in which the eyes usually close and consciousness is completely or partially lost, so that there is a decrease in bodily movement and responsiveness to external stimuli.

Social environment

Constructed by the presence, relationships, and expectations of persons, organizations, and populations

Social justice

Ethical distribution and sharing of resources, rice, and responsibilities between people, recognizing their equal worth as citizens. Recognizes their equal right to be able to meet basic needs, the need to spread opportunities in life chances as widely as possible, and the requirement that we reduce and where possible eliminate unjustified inequalities

Social Justice 2

The promotion of social and economic change to increase individual, community, and political awareness, resources, and opportunity for health and well-being

Social participation

Organize patterns of behavior that are characteristic and expected of an individual in a given position within social system


Personal quest for understanding answers to ultimate questions about life, about meaning, and about relationship with the sacred or transcendent, which may or may not lead to or arise from the development of religious rituals and the formation of community


Location of occupational performance in time. The experience of time as shaped by engagement and occupations. Aspects include the rhythm, tempo, synchronization, duration, and sequence. Includes stages of life, time of day, duration, rhythm of activity, or history


A process that involves two or more individuals or elements that reciprocally and continually influence and affect one another through the ongoing relationship


Principles, standards, or qualities considered worthwhile or desirable by the client to holds them


Environment in which communication occurs by means of airways for computers and an absence of physical contact. Includes simulated, real-time, or near time existence of an environment, such as chat rooms, email, videoconferencing, and radio transmissions


An active process through which individuals become aware of and make choices toward a more successful existence. More than a lack of disease symptoms. State of mental and physical balance and fitness


Activities needed for engaging in remunerative employment or volunteer activities

Occupational therapy's domain

Supporting health and participation in life through engagement and occupation

Occupational therapy's process

Collaboration between the practitioner and the client is central to the interactive nature of service delivery

Domain Areas of Occupation

ADLs, IADLs, rest and sleep, education, work, play, leisure, social participation

Domain client factors

Values, beliefs, and spirituality, body functions, body structures

Domain Performance skills

Sensory perceptual skills, motor and praxis skills, emotional regulation skills, cognitive skills, communication and social skills

Domain performance patterns

Habits, routines, roles, rituals

Domain context and environment

Cultural, personal, physical, social, temporal, virtual

Domain activity demands

Objects used and their properties, space demands, social demands, sequencing and timing, required actions, required body functions, required body structures

Activities of daily living 2

Area of Occ. Bathing and showering, bowel and bladder management, dressing, eating, feeding, functional mobility, personal device care, personal hygiene and grooming, sexual activity, toilet hygiene

Instrumental activities of daily living 2

Area of Occ. Care of others including selecting and supervising caregivers, care of pets, child rearing, communication management, community mobility, financial management, health management and maintenance, home establishment and management, meal preparation and cleanup, religious observance, safety and emergency maintenance, shopping

Rest and sleep

Area of Occ. Rest, sleep, sleep preparation, sleep participation


Area of Occ. Formal educational participation, informal personal educational needs or interests exploration, informal personal educational participation


Area of Occ. Employment interests and pursuits, employment seeking and acquisition, job performance, retirement preparation and adjustment, volunteer exploration, volunteer participation

Play 2

Area of Occ. Play exploration, play participation


Area of Occ. Leisure exploration, leisure participation

Social participation

Area of Occ. Community, family, peer, friend

Mental functions

Specific: higher level cognitive, attention, memory, perception, thought, mental functions of sequencing complex movement, emotional, experience of self in time. Global mental functions: consciousness, orientation, temperament and personality, energy and drive, sleep

Sensory functions and pain

Seeing and related functions, hearing functions, vestibular functions, taste functions, smell functions, proprioreceptive functions, touch functions, pain, temperature and pressure

Neuromusculoskeletal and movement related functions

Functions of joints and bones: joint mobility, joint stability, muscle power, muscle tone, muscle endurance, motor reflexes, involuntary movement reactions, control of voluntary movement, gait patterns

ADA objects and their properties

Tools, materials, and equipment used in the process of carrying out the activity

ADA space demands

Physical environmental requirements of the activity

ADA social demands

Social environment and cultural context that may be required by the activity

ADA sequencing and timing

Process used to carry out the activity

ADA required actions and performance skills

The usual skills that would be required by any performer to carry out the activity. Sensory, perceptual, motor, praxis, emotional, cognitive, communication, and social performance skills should each be considered. Performance skills demand by activity will be correlated with the demands of other activities aspects

ADA required body functions

Physiological functions of body systems that are required to support the actions used to perform the activity

ADA required body structures

Anatomical parts of the body such as organs, limbs, and their components that are required to perform the activity

Process of service delivery

Occupational profile, analysis of occupational performance, intervention plan, intervention implementation, intervention review, outcomes

Therapeutic use of self

Intervention Process: An OT practitioners planned use of his or her personality, insights, perception, and judgments as part of the therapeutic process

Therapeutic use of occupations and activities

Intervention process: Occupations and activities selected for specific clients that meet therapeutic goals.

Consultation process

A type of intervention in which OT practitioners use their knowledge and expertise to collaborate with the client. The collaborative process involves identifying the problem, creating possible solutions, trying solutions, and altering them as necessary for great greater effectiveness. When providing consultation the practitioner is not directly responsible for the outcome of the intervention.

Education process

An intervention process that involves imparting knowledge and information about occupation, health, and participation and that does not result in the actual performance of the occupation/activity


Type of intervention: Efforts directed toward promoting occupational justice and empowering clients to seek and obtain resources to fully participate in their daily life occupations

Create, promote

An intervention approach that does not assume a disability is present or that any factor would interfere with performance. Approach is designed to provide enriched contextual and activity experiences that will enhance performance for all persons in the natural context of life.

Establish, restore

An intervention approach designed to change client variables to establish a skill or ability that has not yet developed or to restore a skill or ability that has been impaired


An intervention approach designed to provide the supports that will allow clients to preserve the performance capabilities they have regained, that continue to meet their occupational needs, or both. The assumption is that, without continued maintenance intervention, performance would decrease, occupational needs would not be met, or both, thereby affecting health and quality-of-life.

Modify (compensation, adaptation)

An intervention approach directed at finding ways to revise the current context activity demands to support performance in the natural setting, including compensatory techniques, such as enhancing some features to provide cues or reducing other features to reduce distractibility

Prevent (disability prevention)

An intervention approach designed to address clients with her without a disability you're at risk for occupational performance problems. This approach is designed to prevent the occurrence for evolution of barriers performance in context. Interventions may be directed at client, context, or activity variables

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