28 terms

Pre-History

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Carbon Dating
Technique used by archaeologists to determine the approximate age of dead matter
Pre-history
Period of time before people invented writing
Neolithic Revolution
The transition from nomadic life to settled farming
Fossils
Preserved remains of animals, plants, and other organisms
Archaeology
The study of past people and cultures through their material remains
Artifacts
Objects made by humans
Historians
Scholars who study and write about the historical past
Africa
The continent considered to be where the first human remains were found
Stonehenge
Began being created during the Neolithic Revolution
Located in England
Hunter- gatherer
Nomad who moved from place to place, following the animals and gathering food
Paleolithic
Old Stone Age
Neolithic
New Stone Age
New Stone Age
Developed agriculture, made pottery, domesticated plants and animals, advanced tools and weapons, developed weaving skills
Old Stone Age
Nomadic, learned how to make fire, lived in clans, made simple tools and weapons, created cave art, developed an oral language
Nomad
A person who moves from place to place in search of food
Clan
Tribal community or large group of people related to one another
Pull factor
Something that encourages people to move to a new place
Push factor
Something that encourages people to leave where they are and find a new place
Equator
Middle line of latitude
Catalhoyuk
Early Neolithic settlement located in Anatolia, now present day Turkey
Aleppo
Early city located in the Fertile Cresant
Jericho
Early city/settlement during the Neolithic Era
Radio Carbon Dating
Can only be tested on things that were once LIVING
Archaeologist
Person who studies & analyzes the past through artifacts
Characteristics of a Civilization
Organized governments
Complex religions
Job specialization
Division of Labor
Social classes
Written language
Civilization
Complex, highly organized social order
Dynasty
Power passed down from generations
River Valleys
Location that early civilizations developed due to fertile soil & easy protection

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