TKA 8th grade science - chapter 8 vocab

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Daimond
Hardest mineral and it forms deep within the earth
Graphite
Another form of the element carbon and it is arranged in layers
Fullerene
Consists of carbon atoms arranged in the shape of a hollow sphere
Nanotube
Carbon Atoms are arranged in the shape of a long hollow cylinder
Organic compounds
Compounds that contain carbon
Structural formula
Shows the kind and number and arrangement of atoms in a molecule
Isomers
Compounds that have the same chemical formula but different structural formulas
Saturated hydrocarbons
There are only single bonds meaning it has the maximum number of Hydrogen atoms possible on its carbon chain
Unsaturated hydrocarbon's
Hydrocarbons with double or triple bonds have fewer hydrogen atoms for each carbon Atom than a saturated hydrocarbon does
Substituted hydrocarbon
Atoms of other elements replace one or more hydrogen Adams in a hydrocarbon
Alcohol
Is a substituted hydrocarbon that contains one or more hydroxyl groups
Hydroxyl group
Each negative 0H made of an oxygen atom and a hydrogen Adam
Organic acid
Is a substituted hydrocarbon that contains one or more carboxyl groups
Ester
Is a compound made by chemically combine Ing and alcohol and in organic acid, many have pleasant fruity smells
Carboxyl group
Is written as -C00H
Carboxyl
-COOH
Hydroxyl
-OH
Polymer
A very large molecule made of a chain of many smaller molecules bonded together
Monomer
The smaller molecules of what polymers are made of
Proteins
In your body they are formed from smaller molecules called amino acids they are found in hair nails
Plastics
Are synthetic polymers that can be molded and shaped are the most common products
Composite
Combines two or more substances in a new material with different properties
Carbohydrate
Is an energy rich organic compound made of the elements carbon hydrogen and oxygen
Complex carbohydrate
Is a polymer made of smaller molecules that are simple carbohydrates bonded to one another
Starch
Plants store energy in the form of this complex carbohydrate
Cellulose
Plants build strong stems and roots with this complex carbohydrate and other polymers
Lipids
This releases twice as much energy in your body then carbs do
Carbon
Can bond with itself and other elements it has for bounce electrons
Methane
Is the simplest hydrocarbon CH four
Fiberglass
Strands of glassfiber a woven together and strengthened with a liquid plastic that sets like glue
Sugar
The simplest carbohydrates
Hydrocarbon
A compound that contains only the elements carbon and hydrogen