17 terms

CPO Middle School Life Science (Chapter 10)

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Terms in this set (...)

Cell Division
The process of one cell dividing into two daughter cells
Chromosome
A structure made of DNA ad protein in the nucleus of a eukaryotic cell.
Cell Cycle
The period of time from the beginning of one cell division to the beginning of the next.
Interphase
The stage of the cell cycle that occurs between cell divisions.
Mitosis
The process of the cell division where the nucleus divides into two nuclei.
Cytokinesis
The process where the cytoplasm and its organelles divide into two daughter cells
Reproduction
The formation of new organisms of the same species.
Asexual Reproduction
A type of reproduction that requires only one parent
Sexual Reproduction
A type of reproduction that involves special cells called sex cells.
Sex Cells
Special cells that contain half the number of chromosomes as body cells.
Meiosis
Cell division that produces sex cells with half the number of chromosomes.
Diploid
A double set of chromosomes.
Haploid
A half set of chromosomes.
Fertilization
The union of egg and sperm.
Zygote
A fertilized egg.
Embryo
An organism in its earliest stage of development.
Cell Differentiation
The process of cell specialization.

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