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Arts and Humanities
Ballet Terms Study Guide Dance 1 Tarozzi
Terms in this set (29)
Warm- up that lasts about 45 minutes using the ballet barre.
A tap of the foot.
Front, side, back, side
A strike of the foot.
The leg moves to a passé and then extends out.
An arabesque with a bent leg.
Leg stretched directly behind the body up in the air.
Slow movement in the center where dancers work on extensions
Port de Bras
Movement of the arms
In sous-sous, small steps across the floor
A swaying step, down, up, up.
Pirouette en dedan
Turning inside from 4th position.
Pirouette en dehors
Turning outside from 4th position.
To whip, a turn where the working leg extends front side and then into passé before turning
To fall, lunge with one leg.
jumps from 5th switching feet in the air
Bow at the end of the class
to escape, sliding from 1st or 5th to second relevé or 4th relevé
to glide, 5th into a small second jump, back to 5th moving across the floor
The start of ballet
The earliest precursors to ballets were lavish entertainments given in the courts of Renaissance Italy (14th -17th century). The Italian court ballets were further developed in France.
Early professional ballet
In 1661 in France Louis XIV established the Acadamie Royale de Danse, a professional organization for dancing masters. Toe dancing began to develop around 1780, although the dancers balanced on their toes only for a moment or two.
The ballet La Sylphide, first performed in Paris in 1832, introduced the period of the romantic ballet other romantic ballets that followed included Giselle and Swan Lake.
The Imperial Ballet Theater
The first Russian ballet company was originally known as the Imperial School of Ballet in St. Petersburg and opened in the 1740s. The Imperial School of Ballet is now known as the Kirov Ballet Company. The Russians further developed the technique of ballet which has greatly influenced ballet in the west.
Petipa was a great French choreographer. He was the chief choreographer of the Imperial Theatre in St. Petersburg from 1862 to 1903. He perfected the full-length, evening-long story ballet that combined set dances with mimed scenes. His best-known works are The Sleeping Beauty, The Nutcracker, and Swan Lake.
He was one of the greatest producers and directors in ballet history. He was never a dancer himself but Diaghilev changed Europe's ballet scene and created an audience for dance comparable to that of symphonic music. Balanchine was appointed choreographer of the company at the age of 21. Stravinsky and Debussy composed music along as did many other great composers of the time. Picasso and Matisse also designed sets for the productions. He changed ballet from long romantic ballets to more modern and contemporary pieces.
She was born in St. Petersburg. She graduated from the Imperial Ballet School in 1899 and joined the company. In 1906, she became its prima ballerina. She left Russia in 1914 and settled in London after dancing with Diaghilev's Ballet Russes . She later created her own ballet company and she was best known for "The Dying Swan" a three minute solo she performed in many parts of the world.
He studied at the Imperial Ballet School in Russia and joined the Ballet Russes under the direction of Diaghilev in 1925 as the resident choreographer. He moved to New York City in 1934 and eventually founded the New York City Ballet Company and school. He was one of the most important choreographers of the 1900's. He created more than 400 ballets.
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