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4,841 terms

Barron's GRE 4842 cards

Source: http://www.postech.ac.kr/~gla/gre/33new.txt
STUDY
PLAY
abase
lower; degrade; humiliate; make humble; make (oneself) lose self-respect
abash
embarrass
abate
subside or moderate
abbreviate
shorten
abdicate
renounce; give up (position, right, or responsibility)
aberrant
abnormal or deviant
aberration
deviation from the normal; mental disorder
abet
assist usually in doing something wrong; encourage
abeyance
suspended action
abhor
detest; hate
abject
(of a condition) wretched; as low as possible; lacking pride; very humble; showing lack of self-respect; Ex. abject apology
abjure
renounce upon oath
ablution
washing
abnegation
renunciation; self-sacrifice; self-abnegation
abolish
cancel; put an end to
abominate
loathe; hate
abominable
detestable; extremely unpleasant
aboriginal
being the first of its kind in a region; primitive; native; indigenous; N. aborigine
abortive
unsuccessful; fruitless
abrasive
rubbing away; tending to grind down
abridge
condense or shorten
abrogate
abolish
abscission
cutting off; separation
abscond
depart secretly and hide
absolute
complete; totally unlimited; having complete power; certain; not relative; Ex. absolute honesty/ruler; CF. absolutism
absolve
pardon (an offense)
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation; intentionally not use one'vote; ±â±ÇÇÏ´Ù
abstemious
sparing in eating and drinking; temperate
abstinence
restraint from pleasant things, esp. eating or drinking; CF. abstention: act of abstaining from vote
abstract
theoretical; not concrete; nonrepresentational
representational
(of a style of art) showing things as they actually appear in real life
abstruse
obscure; profound; difficult to understand
abusive
coarsely insulting; physically harmful
abut
border upon; adjoin
abysmal
bottomless
abyss
enormous chasm; vast bottomless pit
academic
related to a school; not practical or directly useful
accede
agree
accelerate
move faster
accessible
easy to approach; obtainable
accessory
additional object; useful but not essential thing
acclaim
applaud; praise; greet with great approval; announce with great approval; Ex. The new drung has been acclaimed as the most important discoveries for years; N: strong expression of approval and praise
acclimate
adjust to climate or environment; adapt
acclivity
sharp upslope of a hill; OP. declivity
accolade
award of merit; strong praise and approval
merit
good quality deserving praise; merits: aspect of character or behavior deserving approval or disapproval; Ex. judge each plan on its own merits; V: deserve; earn
demerit
fault; bad quality
earn
gain for the performance of service or labor; gain (something that one deserves); deserve
accommodate
oblige or help someone; adjust or bring into harmony; adapt; make enough space for; ADJ. accommodative; CF. accomodating: helpful and obliging
accomplice
partner in crime
accord
agreement
accost
approach and speak first to a person
accoutre
equip; N. accoutrement
accretion
growth or increase in size by gradual addition; growth; increase; increase by natural growth; Ex. towers and other accretions of the castle; V. accrete
accrue
come to one as a gain; accumulate over time; come about by addition; Ex. benefits that accrue from scientific research; Ex. interest accruing in a bank account; N. accrual
acerbity
bitterness of speech and temper; ADJ. acerbic: bitter; acrid (in taste, manner, or tone)
bitter
having a sharp biting taste; ¾´; causing sharp pain to the body or mind; filled with resentment, disappointment, or other unpleasant feelings; Ex. bitter wind/sorrow/tears
biting
sharply painful to the body or mind; Ex. biting wind/remarks
acetic
vinegary
acidulous
slightly sour (in taste or manner); sharp; caustic
acknowledge
recognize; admit
acme
peak; pinnacle; highest point
acoustics
science of sound; quality that makes a room easy or hard to hear in
acquiesce
assent; agree passively; comply without protest
acquittal
deliverance from a charge; V. acquit: free from a charge or accusation; discharge from a duty; conduct (oneself) in a specified manner
acrid
bitter (to the taste or smell); sharp; bitterly pungent
acrimonious
stinging; caustic; bitter in words or manner; N. acrimony: bitter ill-natured animosity in speech or behavior
acrophobia
fear of heights
actuarial
calculating; pertaining to insurance statistics
actuary
someone who advises insurance companies
actuate
motivate; activate; cause to act
acuity
sharpness (of mind or senses of sight or hearing)
acumen
mental keenness; sharpness of judgment; ability to judge quickly and well; Ex. business acumen
acute
(of the senses) sharp; quickly perceptive; keen; penetrating; brief and severe; Ex. acute sense of smell/analysis/pain
adage
wise saying; proverb
proverb
adage; someone or something well known for notoriety; ADJ. proverbial: of a proverb; widely known; ADV. proverbially
adamant
hard; inflexible
adapt
make or become suitable for a specific use; alter; modify; adjust; N. adaptation: act of adapting; composition recast into a new form; Ex. The play is an adaption of a short novel.
addendum
addition; appendix to book; something that is added (as at the end of a speech or book)
addiction
compulsive habitual need
addle
make or become confused; muddle; drive crazy; become rotten (egg)
address
direct a speech to; speak to; deal with or discuss; direct one'efforts or attention to; make with a destination; N: formal speech
adept
expert at; very skilled
adhere
stick fast; be a devotd follower; N. adhesion: adhering; devotion; loyality
adherent
supporter; follower
adjacent
adjoining; neighboring; close by
adjoin
be next to
adjourn
suspend until a later time; move from one place to another
adjunct
something attached to but holding an inferior position
adjuration
solemn urging; V. adjure: entreat earnestly; enjoin solemnly
adjutant
staff officer assisting the commander; assistant
admonish
warn or speak to with gentle disapproval; reprove
adore
love deeply and respect highly
adorn
decorate
adroit
skillful (in using mind or hand)
adulation
flattery; admiration that is more than is necessary or deserved
adulterate
make impure or of poorer quality by adding inferior or tainted(contaminated) substances
advent
arrival
adventitious
accidental; casual; happening by chance
adversary
opponent; enemy
adverse
going against; opposing; unfavorable; hostile
adversity
great hardship or affliction; misfortune; calamitous event
advert
refer
advocacy
support; active pleading on behalf of someone or something
advocate
speak in favor of; support (an idea or plan); urge; plead for
aegis
shield; protection; defense
aerie(aery,eyrie,eyry)
nest of a large bird of prey
aesthetic
artistic; dealing with or capable of appreciating the beautiful (of a person or building); CF. aesthete; CF. aesthetics
affable
easily approachable; easy to talk to; warmly friendly
affected
artificial; pretended
affidavit
written statement made under oath (for use as proof in a court of law)
affiliation
joining; associating with
affinity
feeling of kinship; similarity; Ex. strong affinity for her; Ex. many affinities between two languages
affirmation
positive assertion; confirmation; solemn pledge by one who refuses to take an oath; V. affirm; ADJ. affirmative; CF. affirmative action: positive discrimination
affliction
state of distress; trial; cause of distress or suffering; V. afflict: inflict grievous suffering on
affluence
abundance; wealth
affront
insult; offense; intentional act of disrespect; V: insult or hurt the feelings of intentionally
agape
openmouthed
agenda
items of business at a meeting
agglomeration
collection; heap; V. agglomerate: gather into a rounded mass; N. aggolmeate: jumbled mass; heap
aggrandize
make greater; increase in power, wealth, rank, or honor; N. aggrandizement
aggregate
sum; total; ADJ. V: gather into a mass or whole; accumulate; add up to; Ex. aggregate 100 dollars
aghast
filled with great surprise or fear; horrified
agility
nimbleness; ability to move quickly
agitate
stir up; disturb
agnostic
one who is skeptical of the existence or knowability of a god or any ultimate reality
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
agrarian
pertaining to land or its cultivation; Ex. agrarian reform
alacrity
cheerful promptness without reluctance
alchemy
medieval chemistry
alcove
nook; recess
alias
an assumed name esp. by a criminal (usually to mislead people); ADV. alias
alienate
make unfriendly or hostile; estrange; separate; change the ownership of
alimentary
supplying nourishment
alimony
payments made regularly to an ex-spouse after divorce
allay
calm; pacify
allege
state without proof
allegiance
loyalty
allegory
story, play, or picture in which characters are used as symbols; fable
alleviate
relieve (pain)
alliteration
repetition of beginning sound in poetry
allocate
assign; set apart for a particular purpose
earmark
set aside (money or time) for a particular purpose
alloy
mixture as of metals; something added that lowers in value or purity; V: mix; make less pure; lower in value or quality; spoil; CF. unalloyed: not in mixture with other maetals; pure; complete; unqualified; Ex. unalloyed happiness
allude
refer indirectly; N. allusion: indirect reference
allure
entice; attract; tempt
siren
apparatus for making sounds; womanlike creature
alluvial
pertaining to soil deposits left by running water
aloof
apart; not open in one'relationship with other people; reserved; ADV.
aloft
upward; high up in the air
altercation
noisy quarrel
altruistic
unselfishly generous; concerned for others; N. altiruism: unselfish concern for the welfare of others; unselfishness; OP. egoism
amalgamate
(of societies or groups) combine; unite in one body
amalgam
combination of different things; mixture of metals (containing mercury) used for filling holes in teeth
amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
amazon
female warrior
ambidextrous
capable of using either hand with equal ease
ambience
environment; atmosphere; Ex. restraurant with a pleasant ambience; ADJ. ambient: completely surrounding; Ex. ambient temperature
ambiguous
unclear or doubtful in meaning; having more than one possible interpretation
ambivalence
the state of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes or opinions
amble
walking at an easy unhurried pace; V: walk slowly and aimlessly
ambrosia
food of the gods
nectar
drink of the gods; sweet liquid collected by bees
ambulatory
able to walk
ameliorate
improve
amenable
obedient; compliant; readily managed; responsive; willing to be led; answerable or accountable legally; responsible; able to be tested by; Ex. amenable to sensible suggestions; Ex. He is very amenable; Ex. amenable to the usual tests
amend
correct; change ; generally for the better
amenities
convenient features that helps to make life pleasant; social courtesies
amiable
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
amicable
peaceful; politely friendly; not quarrelsome; Ex. amicable settlement
amiss
wrong; faulty; Ex. something amiss; ADV.
amity
friendship; peaceful relationship as between nations
amnesia
loss of memory
amnesty
pardon (allowed by government to political criminals)
amoral
nonmoral; having no understanding of right and wrong
amorous
moved by sexual love; loving; of sexual love; Ex. amorous advances
amorphous
formless; lacking shape or definition
amphibian
able to live both on land and in water; N.
amphitheater
oval building with tiers of seats; CF. arena
ample
enough; abundant; spacious; large in size; Ex. ample opportunity/garden; N. amplitude: quality of being ample; abundance; largeness of space
amplify
increase in size or effect; expand; broaden or clarify by expanding; intensify; make stronger; Ex. amplify one'remarks with a graph
amputate
cut off part of body; prune (a limb)
amok(amuck)
in a state of rage; Ex. run amok
amulet
charm; talisman; an object worn believed to protect against evil, bad luck
anachronism
error involving time in a story; something or someone misplaced in time; ADJ. anachronistic
analgesic
causing insensitivity to pain; N.
analgesia
condition of being unable to feel pain
analogous
comparable; similar
analogy
similarity; parallelism; comparing two similar things
anarchist
person who seeks to overturn the established government; advocate of abolishing authority
anarchy
absence of governing body; state of disorder
anathema
solemn curse; someone or something regarded as a curse; V. anathematize
ancestry
family descent; ADJ. ancestral
anchor
secure or fasten firmly; be fixed in place; N. anchorage
ancillary
serving as an aid or accessory; auxiliary; N.
anecdote
short story of an amusing or interesting event
anemia
condition in which blood lacks red corpuscles; ADJ. anemic
anesthetic
substance that removes sensation with or without loss of consciousness; N. anesthesia
anguish
acute pain; extreme suffering
angular
sharp-cornered; having an angle; not rounded (body); bony; lean; gaunt; stiff in manner
animadversion
critical remark; V. animadvert: comment critically with disapproval
animated
lively; spirited
animosity
active enmity
animus
hostile feeling or intent; animosity; hostility; disposition
annals
records arranged in yearly parts; history
anneal
reduce brittleness and improve toughness by heating and cooling (metal or glass)
annex
attach; add to a large thing; take possession of; incorporate (territory) into a larger existing political unit (by force); N: building added to a large one
annihilate
destroy
annotate
comment; make explanatory notes
annuity
yearly allowance
annul
make void
elope
run away secretly with the intention of getting married
anodyne
drug that relieves pain or trouble; ÁøÅëÁ¦; opiate; ADJ. Ex. anodyne statement
anoint
consecrate; put oil on (in a religious ceremony)
anomalous
abnormal; irregular
anomaly
irregularity
anonymity
state of being nameless; anonymousness; ADJ. anonymous
antagonism
hostility; active opposition; V. antagonize: cause to become an enemy; N. antagonist: person who is opposed to another; opponent; adversary; principal character in oppostion to the protagonist
protagonist
leader or noticeable supporter of an idea; chief character in a play or story
antecede
precede
antecedents
preceding events that influence what comes later; ancestors or early background
antediluvian
antiquated; extremely ancient
anthem
song of praise or patriotism; Ex. national anthem
anthology
book of literary selections by various authors; CF. omnibus
anthropoid
manlike; resembling a human being; N.
anthropologist
student of the history and science of humankind
anthropomorphic
having human form or characteristics
anticlimax
letdown in thought or emotion; something unexciting, ordinary, or disappointing coming after something important or exciting
antidote
remedy to counteract a poison or disease; Ex. antidote to the economic troubles
antipathy
aversion; dislike or opposition
antiquated
obsolete; old-fashioned; outdated
antique
made in an earlier period and usu. valuable; N: object that was made in an earlier period and that is rare or valuable
antiquity
quality of being very old; ancient times; °í´ë
antiseptic
substance that prevents infection in a wound; ADJ.
antithesis
contrast; direct opposite of or to; ADJ. antithetic or antithetical
antler
bony growth on the head of a deer
anvil
iron block used in hammering out metals
apathy
lack of caring; indifference; lack of concern or interest in important matters; Ex. He was sunk in apathy after his failure; ADJ. apathetic
ape
imitate or mimic (a person'behavior or manner)
aperture
opening; hole; adjustable opening in a camera that limits the amount of light
apex
tip; summit; climax; highest point
aphasia
loss of speech due to injury or illness
aphorism
pithy maxim or saying; ADJ. aphoristic
apiary
a place where bees are kept
hive
box for bees; V: cause to go in a hive
apiculture
bee-keeping
apiarist
person who keeps bees
aplomb
poise; composure in difficult situations; assurance; self-confidence
poise
good judgment with composure; balance; V: place in a carefully balanced position
apocalyptic
prophetic; pertaining to revelations especially of disaster; N. apocalypse
apocryphal
(of a story) widely believed but untrue
apogee
highest point; the point farthest from the earth; OP. perigee
apolitical
having an aversion or lack of concern for political affairs
apologist
one who writes in defense of a cause or institution; N. apologia
apoplexy
stroke; loss of consciousness caused by too much blood in the brain
apostate
one who abandons his religious faith or political beliefs; N. apostasy
apothecary
druggist; pharmacist
apothegm(apophthegm)
pithy, compact saying
apotheosis
elevation to godhood; an ideal example of something
appall
dismay; shock deeply
apparition
ghost; phantom
appease
pacify or soothe; Ex. appease a crying baby; N. appeasement
appellation
name; title
append
attach
application
diligent attention; diligence; V. apply oneself
apposite
appropriate; fitting
appraise
estimate value of; N. appraisal
appreciate
be thankful for; increase in worth; be thoroughly conscious of; ADJ. appreciable: enough to be felt; Ex. appreciable difference
apprehend
arrest (a criminal); dread; perceive; N. apprehension
apprehensive
fearful; discerning
apprise
inform
approbation
approval
appropriate
acquire; take possession of for one'own use without permission; set aside for a particular purpose; allocate; CF. misappropriate
appurtenances
subordinate possessions; something added to a more important thing
apropos
with reference to; regarding; Ex. remarks apropos (of) the present situation; ADJ. ADV.
aptitude
fitness; talent
aquiline
curved; hooked; of or like an eagle; Ex. aquiline nose
arable
fit for growing crops; Ex. arable land
arbiter
person with power to decide a matter in dispute; judge who is in a position ot make influential judgments; Ex. supreme arbiter of fashion in beachware
arbitrary
unreasonable or capricious; random; tyrannical; Ex. arbitrary ruler
arbitrate
act as judge (at the request of both sides)
arboretum
place where different trees and shrubs are studied and exhibited
arboreal
of or living in trees
arcade
a covered passageway usually lined with shops
arcane
esoteric; secret; mysterious; known only to the initiated; Ex. arcane ritual; Ex. arcane process closed to the uninitiated listener
archaeology
study of artifacts and relics of early mankind
archaic
antiquated; no longer used; belonging to the past; N.
archetype
prototype; primitive pattern
arch-
chief; first; Ex. archbishop
archipelago
group of closely located islands
archives
public records; place where public records are kept
ardor
heat; passion; zeal; ADJ. ardent
arduous
hard; strenuous; Ex. arduous work
argot
slang; speech spoken by only a small group of people
aria
operatic solo; a song sung by one person in an opera or oratorio
arid
(of land) dry; barren; unproductive
aristocracy
hereditary nobility; privileged class; government by nobility; N. aristocrat
armada
fleet of warships
aromatic
fragrant; having a sweet smell; N. aroma: strong pleasant smell
arraign
charge in court; indict
array
marshal; draw up in order; arrange in order; clothe splendidly; adorn; N: fine clothes; ordered group; Ex. in battle array
arrears
being in debt; money that should have been paid; work that should have been done
arrhythmic
lacking rhythm or regularity; N. arrhythmia
arrogance
pride; haughtiness; ADJ. arrogant: unpleasantly self-important (with a strong confidence in one'own importance and a lack of respect for other people)
arroyo
gully; narrow channel formed by rainwater
artery
blood-vessel; CF. vein
articulate
effective; distinct; expressing ideas clearly; having clear sounds; having joints; Ex. articulate speech; V: express thoughts and feeling clearly; pronounce clearly; unite by joints
arsenal
storage place for military equipment
artifacts
object made by human beings, either hand-made or mass-produced
artifice
deception; trickery
artisan
a manually skilled worker
artless
without guile; open and honest
ascendancy
controlling influence; position of controlling influence; CF. in the ascendant
ascertain
find out for certain; make certain
ascetic
practicing self-denial; avoiding physical pleasures and comforts; austere; Ex. ascetic life of Buddhist monks; N. asceticism
ascribe
refer; attribute; assign
aseptic
preventing infection; having a cleansing effect
ashen
ash-colored; deadly pale
asinine
stupid; Ex. asinine remarks
askance
with a sideways or indirect look (with disapproval or distruct); Ex. look askance at
askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
asperity
sharpness; roughness; severity (of temper or weather); Ex. asperities of a Russian winter
aspersion
slanderous remark; Ex. cast aspersions on
aspirant
seeker after position or status
aspire
seek to attain (position or status); long for; Ex. aspire to become president; Ex. aspire to/after the leadership
assail
assault
assay
analyze (to discover what materials are present); evaluate (soil or ore)
assent
agree; accept; N. assessment
assert
state strongly or positively; demand recognition of (rights, claims, etc.); make a claim to (by forceful action); Ex. assert one'independence
assiduous
diligent
assimilate
absorb; take (food) into the body and digest it; understand (knowledge) completely and be able to use properly; cause to become homogeneous (the people of a country or race in the wasy of behaving or thinking)
assuage
mak less severe; ease or lessen (pain); satisfy (hunger); soothe (anger)
assumption
something taken for granted; the taking over or taking possession of; Ex. her assumption of power; V. assume
regent
a person who governs in place of a ruler who is ill, absent, or still a child; ADJ. Ex. the Prince regent
assurance
firm statement that something is certainly true; promise or pledge; certainty; confidence in one'own ability; self-confidence; Ex. In spite of all his assurances, he did not come back; Ex. assurance of his loyalty; Ex. The teacher lacked assurance in fron of his class; V. assure; tell firmly with confidence; ensure; make (something) certain to heappen; make (someone) feel sure; give confidence to; ADJ. assured: self-assured; confident in one'own ability; showing certainty
asteroid
small planet
astigmatism
eye defect which prevents proper focus; OP. stigmatism
astral
relating to the stars
astringent
binding; causing contraction (stopping bleeding); harsh or severe; stringent; Ex. astringent criticism
astronomical
enormously large or extensive
astute
wise; shrewd; keen; seeing quickly something that is to one'advantage
asunder
into parts; apart; V. sunder
asylum
place of refuge or shelter; protection (religious or political)
asymmetric
not identical on both sides of a dividing central line
atavism
resemblance to remote ancestors rather than to parents; reversion to an earlier type; throwback; ADJ. atavistic
atheistic
denying the existence of God; N. atheism
atone
make amends for; pay for; Ex. atone for
atrocity
brutal deed; ADJ. atrocious
atrophy
wasting away; V: weaken and lose flesh and muscle (through lack of blood or lack of use)
attentive
alert and watchful; listening carefully; paying attention; considerate; thoughtful; politely helpful; Ex. attentive audience; Ex. He was attentive to the old lady; N. attentions: act of courtesy and consideration
attenuate
make thin; weaken
attest
testify; bear witness
attribute
essential quality; V: ascribe; explain
attrition
rubbing away by friction; gradual decrease in numbers or strength; reduction in the work force without firing employees; wearing away of opposition by means of harassment; Ex. a war of attrition
atypical
not normal; not typical
audacious
daring; bold; N. audacity
audit
examination of accounts of a business; official examination; V.
augment
increase; add to
augury
omen; prophecy; sign of coming events; V. augur: predict; foretell; be a sign of (something in future)
august
impressive; majestic
aureole
sun'corona; halo; bright circle of light
auroral
pertaining to the aurora borealis; CF. aurora australis
auspicious
favoring success; giving signs of future success; Cf. auspices
austere
forbiddingly stern; ascetic; without comfort or enjoyment; severely simple and unornamented; Ex. a monk'austere life; Ex. austere grandeur of the cathedral; N. austerity
authenticate
prove genuine
authoritarian
subordinating the individual to the state; completely dominating another'will; Ex. authoritarian regime/father
authoritative
having the weight of authority; regarded as providing knowledge that can be trusted; reliable; peremptory and dictatorial; Ex. authoritative dictionary/manner; CF. definitive
autocratic
having absolute unchecked power; dictatorial; N. autocrat, autocracy
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
autonomous
self-governing; N. autonomy
autopsy
examination of a dead body; postmortem; V.
auxiliary
offering or providing help; additional or subsidiary; N: helper; assistant
avalanche
great mass of falling snow and ice
avarice
greediness for wealth
avenge
take vengence for something or on behalf of someone; Ex. They avenged his death by burning the village; Ex. He swore to avenge his brother; Ex. They avenged themselves on their enemy.
aver
state confidently; declare as true
averse
reluctant; disinclined; not liking or opposed; Ex. averse to cats/doing the house work
aversion
firm dislike
avert
prevent; avoid; turn away (eyes or thought); Ex. An accident was averted by his quick thinking; Ex. She averted her eyes from the terrible sight.
aviary
enclosure for birds; large cage
avid
greedy; extremely eager for; Ex. avid learner; N. avidity
avocation
secondary or minor occupation
avow
declare openly; N. avowal
avuncular
of or like an uncle
awe
solemn wonder; feeling of respect mixed with wonder and fear; V: fill with awe; ADJ. awesome
awful
terrible; very bad
awl
pointed tool used for piercing
awry
distorted; crooked; bent; Ex. Our plans have gone awry.
axiom
self-evident truth requiring no proof
azure
sky blue
babble
chatter idly or foolishly; make continuous sounds like water running gently over rounded stone; N.
bacchanalian
drunken
bacchanal
noisy party with a lot of drinking
Bacchanalia
the ancient Roman festival in honor of Bacchus
badger
pester; annoy continually with demands; persuade by asking again and again; Ex. The children badgered me into taking them into the cinema; N: a kind of mountain animal
badinage
teasing conversation; banter; joking talk
baffle
frustrate; perplex
bait
harass; tease; torment; Ex. badger baiting; N: food or other lure used to catch fish or trap animals
baleful
evil; malignant in intent or effect; deadly; having a malign influence; portending evil; ominous; threatening; Ex. baleful look
balk
stop short, as if faced with an obstacle, and refuse to continue; foil; stop or get in the way of; frustrate
ballast
heavy substance used to add stability or weight; V. supply with ballast
balm
something that relieves pain; oily liquid with a pleasant smell from trees
pang
sudden sharp feeling of pain
balmy
soft and mild (of air); fragrant
banal
hackneyed; commonplace; trite; lacking originality; clich\'ed
bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange (words) heatedly; quarrel; Ex. bandy words with
bane
posion; cause of ruin; ADJ. baneful: harmful; poisonous
bantering
joking talk; good-naturedly ridiculing; N.V. banter
barb
sharp projection from fishhook, arrow, or other object; openly cutting remark
bard
poet
barefaced
shameless and noticeable; blatant; bold; unconcealed; having no covering on the face; Ex. barefaced lie
unregenerate
making no attempt to change one'bad practices
baroque
highly ornate
barrage
barrier laid down by artillery fire; overwhelming profusion; large number of questions or statements; Ex. a barrage of criticism
barrister
counselor-at-law or lawyer in the higher court of law; CF. bar
solicitor
lawyer in the lower court of law
barterer
trader; V. barter: trade; exchange good for other goods rather than money
bask
luxuriate; take pleasure in warmth
luxuriate
take pleasure in great comfort
bastion
stronghold; something seen as a source of protection; Ex. the last bastion of male chauvinism
bate
let down; lessen the force of; moderate; restrain; Ex. with bated breath; CF. abate
bauble
trinket; cheap jewel; trifle
bawdy
indecent; obscene; about sex in a rude funny way; CF. bawd
beatific
giving or showing bliss; blissful
bliss
complete happiness; ADJ. blissful
beatitude
blessedness; state of great happiness
mystic
of hidden meaning and spiritual power; Ex. mystic ceremonies; N. CF. mysticism
bedizen
dress with vulgar finery
finery
beautiful clothes for a special occasion
bedraggle
wet thoroughly; ADJ. bedraggled: draggled
beeline
direct quick route
befuddle
confuse thoroughly
fuddle
make stupid or confused as with alcholic drink; N. in a fuddle: confused
beget
father; become the father of; produce; give rise to
begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge; Ex. We shouldn't begrudge him his success.
grudge
deep feeling of dislike; Ex. grudge fight; V.
beguile
deceive; mislead or delude; cheat; pass time pleasantly; charm or attract; Ex. beguiling smile
behemoth
huge creature; something of monstrous size or power
beholden
obligated; indebted; owing thanks; obliged or indebted from gratitude
behoove(behove)
be suited to; be incumbent upon; be right and necessary; Ex. It behooves one to do.
belabor
harp on; dwell on tediously; explain or go over excessively or to a ridiculous degree; assail verbally; beat severely; attack physically
belated
delayed
beleaguer
besiege or attack (with an army); harass; beset
belie
contradict; give a false impression; disguise; Ex. The poor sales belied our high hopes; Ex. Her smile belies her true feeling of displeasure.
belittle
disparage; depreciate
bellicose
warlike
belligerent
quarrelsome
bemoan
lament; moan for; express sorrow or disapproval of
bemused
confused; lost in thought; preoccupied
benediction
blessing
benefactor
gift giver; patron; person who does good or who gives money for a good purpose
beneficent
kindly; doing good
beneficial
helpful; useful; advantageous
beneficiary
person entitled to benefits or proceeds of an insurance policy or will
benefit
advantage; anything that brings helpl, advantage, or profit; money provided by the government to the people; fund-raising public entertainment; Ex. unemployment benefit; V: receive benefits; be beneficial to; give benefits
benevolent
generous; charitable; having a wish to do good
benign
kindly; favorable; not malignant (disease); Ex. benign tumor
benison
blessing
bent
determined; Ex. bent on advancing in the business; N: natural talent or inclination
bequeath
leave to someone by means of a will; hand down in his will; N. bequest
berate
scold strongly
bereavement
state of being deprived of something valuable or beloved; state of being bereaved or bereft
bereaved
deprived of (someone beloved through death)
bereft
deprived of (something valuable); lacking
berserk
mad with violent anger; frenzied; madly excited
beseech
beg; plead with
beset
harass or trouble from all directions; hem in
hem
surround tightly so that movement is impossible; Ex. hem in; N.
besiege
surround with armed forces; harass (with requests); annoy continually
besmirch
soil; defile; make dirty
bestial
beastlike; brutal; inhuman; very cruel
bestow
confer
betoken
signify; indicate; be a sign of
token
outward sign; Ex. a token of our gratitude
betray
be unfaithful; reveal (unconsciously or unwillingly); Ex. Her trembling hands betray her anxiety.
betroth
become engaged to marry
bevy
large group; Ex. a bevy of starlets
bicameral
two-chambered as a legislative body
bicker
quarrel
biennial
every two years
bifurcated
divided into two branches; forked
bigotry
stubborn intolerance
bigot
one who is intolerant (in matters of religion or politics)
intolerant
not willing to accept ways of thinking different from one'own; CF. tolerant; CF. tolerate
bilious
suffering from indigestion; sick from having too much bile; irritable; easily irritated
bilk
swindle; cheat
billowing
swelling out in waves; surging
billow
large wave of water; a great swell or surge (of smoke); V: surge, swell, roll in billows
swell
long wave of water that moves continuously without breaking; V.
surge
powerful movement of or like a wave; V.
bivouac
temporary encampment; camp without tents; V.
bizarre
fantastic; violently contrasting; noticeably odd; strikingly unconventional
blanch
bleach; whiten; make white or pale
bland
soothing or mild (food); agreeable; causing no trouble or offence
blandishment
flattery
blare
loud or harsh roar or screech; dazzling blaze of light
screech
unpleasant high sharp sound; shriek; V.
dazzle
make blind with a sudden intense light; amaze; fill with wonder
blas\'e
bored with pleasure or dissipation; uninterested or bored
blasphemy
irreverence; sacrilege; cursing; bad language about God or holy things; V. blasphem; ADJ. blasphemous; CF. sacrilege
blatant
extremely (offensively) obvious; loudly offensive; Ex. blatant lie; N. blatancy
bleak
cold or cheerless; frigid; unlikely to be favorable; depressing
blighted
suffering from a disease; destroyed
blight
plant disease; V: infect with blight; ruin; destroy
blithe(blithesome)
gay; joyous
bloated
(unpleasantly) swollen or puffed as with water or air
blowhard
talkative boaster; braggart
bludgeon
club; heavy-headed weapon; V.
bluff
pretense (of strength); deception; high cliff; ADJ: rough but good-natured
blunder
error; stupid mistake
blurt
utter impulsively from nervousness or excitement
bluster
blow in heavy gusts; threaten emptily; bully; speak in a noisy or bullying manner; CF. breeze, gust, gale
bully
one who is habitually cruel to weaker people; V.
bode
foreshadow; portend
bogus
counterfeit; not authentic; intentionally false; Ex. bogus interview
bohemian
unconventional (in an artistic way)
boisterous
violent; rough; noisy
bolster
support; reinforce
bolt
door bar; fastening pin or screw; length of fabric; large roll of cloth; V: dash or dart off; fasten (a door); gobble down
dart
move or throw suddenly and quickly
gobble
eat very quickly
bombardment
attack (as with missiles or bombs); V. bombard
bombastic
pompous; using inflated language
bombast
grandiloquent, pompous speech
boon
blessing; benefit; something very helpful
boorish
rude; insensitive
boor
rude, insensitive person
bouillon
clear beef (or meat) soup
bountiful
generous; graciously generous; showing bounty
gracious
kind in a generous way (to someone less important)
bourgeois
middle class; selfishly materialistic; too interested in material possessions
bovine
cowlike; placid and dull; slow-thinking; calm
bowdlerize
expurgate; CF. Thomas Bowdler
brackish
somewhat saline
braggadocio
boasting
brag
boast
braggart
boaster; bragger
brandish
wave around (a weapon); flourish
bravado
swagger; assumed air of defiance; false show of bravery
swagger
walk or behave with an over-confident manner
brawn
human muscle; muscular strength; sturdiness
brawny
muscular; having well-developed muscles
sturdy
strong and firm (in the body)
brazen
insolent; without shame; bold; Ex. brazen lie; V: face with bold self-assurance or with unshamed confidence
brawl
noisy quarrel
breach
breaking of contract or duty; fissure or gap; opening; V.
breadth
width; extent
brevity
conciseness; shortness of duration
brindled
tawny or grayish with streaks or spots (of animals)
tawny
brownish yellow
bristling
rising like bristles; showing irritation
bristle
short stiff hair; V: (hair or fur) stand up stiffly
brittle
hard but easily broken; difficult; unstable; Ex. brittle situation
broach
introduce as a subject; moot; open up
brocade
rich, figured(patterned) fabric
brochure
pamphlet
brooch
ornamental clasp; pin
clasp
hold firmly within arms
brook
tolerate; endure; Ex. brook no interference; N: small stream
browbeat
bully; intimidate
browse
graze; feed on growing grass; skim or glance at casually
graze
(of an animal) feed on growing grass; cause (an animal) to feed on grass; scrape (esp. the skin) or touch lightly in passing; brush; Ex. We can't graze the cattle till summer; N: surface wound
skim
read or glance through quickly; touch lightly in passing; brush; remove from the surface of a liquid
brunt
main impact or shock (of an attack or blow); Ex. brunt of the argument
brusque
blunt; abrupt; curt; not wanting to waste time being nice
buccaneer
pirate
bucolic
rustic; pastoral
buffet
strike forcefully; slap; batter; knock out; N: table with food set out for people to server themselves; meal at which people help themselves to food that'been set
slap
hit quickly with the flat part of the hand; N. CF. smack
buffoonery
clowning
buffoon
stupid person; clown
clown
act stupidly; play the fool; N.
bugaboo
bugbear; object of baseless terror
bullion
gold and silver in the form of bars
bulwark
strong wall built for defense; earthwork or other strong defense; person who defends
bungle
mismanage; blunder; botch; blow; spoil by clumsy behavior
botch
mismanage; blow
buoyant
able to float; cheerful and optimistic; N. buoyancy; Ex. buoyancy of wood/water/American market
bureaucracy
overregulated administrative system marked by red tape; ADJ. bureaucratic
burgeon
grow rapidly; grow forth; send out buds; Ex. burgeoning computer industry; CF. bludgeon
burlesque
give an imitation that ridicules; imitate mockingly
burnish
make shiny by rubbing; polish
buttress
support; prop up; N. stationary structure to support wall; Ex. flying buttress
prop
support placed under or against something; V.
buxom
full-bosomed; plump; jolly
plump
pleasantly fat; nicely rounded
cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
cache
hiding place; V.
cacophonous
discordant; inharmonious; N. cacophony: unpleasant mixture of loud sounds
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
cadence
rhythmic rise and fall (of words or sounds); beat; regular beat of sound; rhythm
cajole
persuade by praise or false promise; coax; wheedle
coax
persuade by flattery
calamity
disaster; misery
calculated
deliberately planned; likely
caldron(cauldron)
large kettle
caliber
ability; quality; diameter of the inside of a round cylinder; Ex. work of very high caliber
calligraphy
beautiful writing; excellent penmanship
callous
hardened; unfeeling; without sympathy for the sufferings of others; unkind
callus
area of thick hard skin
callow
youthful; immature; inexperienced
calorific
heat-producing; N. calorie
calumny
malicious misrepresentation; slander
camaraderie
good-fellowship; CF. comrade
cameo
shell or jewel carved in relief; star'special appearance in a minor role in a film
canard
unfounded false rumor; exaggerated false report
candor
frankness; open honesty; ADJ. candid
canine
related to dogs; doglike
canker
any ulcerous sore; ulcer; any evil; CF. cancer
ulcer
sore place appearing on the skin inside or outside the body; Ex. stomach ulcer; ADJ. ulcerous; V. ulcerate
canny
shrewd in money matters; thrifty
cant
insincere speech or expression of piety; jargon of thieves; special words used by a particular group of people
cantankerous
ill-humored; irritable
cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus (shorter than an oratorio)
canter
slow gallop; V. CF. trot
canto
division of a long poem
canvass
determine or seek opinions, votes, etc.; go through (a region) to solicit votes or orders; conduct a survey; N.
capacious
spacious
capacity
mental or physical ability; role; position or duty; ability to accommodate; Ex. in my capacity as president
capillary
having a very fine bore; resembling a hair; fine and slender; Ex. capillary attraction; N: very fine hairlike tube; CF. capillarity
capitulate
surrender; give up all resistance
caprice
whim; sudden change of mind without any real cause
capricious
unpredictable; fickle
caption
title; chapter heading; text under illustration
captious
faultfinding; too critical
carafe
glass water bottle; decanter
carapace
shell covering the back (of a turtle, tortoise, crab, etc.)
carat(karat)
unit of weight for precious stones; measure of the purity of gold
carcinogenic
causing cancer; N. carcinogen
cardinal
chief; most important; N: priest; cardinal number: number that shows quantity rather thatn order
cardiologist
doctor specializing in ailments of the heart
careen
lurch; sway from side to side; move with irregular swinging movement; stagger
career
rush wildly; go at full speed
sway
swing from side to side; influence (someone) to change one'opinion; N.
caricature
distortion; burlesque
carillon
a set of bells (often in a tower) capable of being played
carnage
destruction of life; slaughter; killing of large numbers of people or animals
carnal
fleshly; sensual; concerning the desires of the body
carnivorous
meat-eating; N. carnivore; CF. herbivore
carousal
drunken revel; V. carouse
carping
petty criticism; fault-finding; fretful complaining; quibble
carrion
rotting flesh of a dead body; CF. vulture
cartographer
map-maker
cascade
small waterfall
caste
one of the hereditary classes in Hindu society; social stratification; prestige
castigation
punishment; severe criticism or disapproval
casualty
serious or fatal accident; person killed or wounded in an accident or battle
casual
happening by chance; irregular; occasional; informal; showing or feeling little interest; Ex. casual reader/labor/remark
cataclysm
deluge; upheaval; earthquake; violent and sudden event or change
catalyst
agent which brings about a chemical change while it remains unaffected and unchanged; CF. catalysis
catapult
slingshot; hurling machine; V: fire from catapult
hurl
throw forcefully; shout out violently
cataract
great waterfall; eye abnormality (causing a gradual loss of eyesight)
catastrophe
calamity; disaster
catcall
shout of disapproval or displeasure (made at the theater or a sports match); boo; V.
catechism
book for religious instruction in question-and-answer form; religious instruction by question and answer; V. catechize
categorical
without exceptions; made without any doubt in mind; unqualified; absolute
qualify
reach a necessary standard; limit the meaning of something stated
catharsis
purging or cleansing of any passage of the body; purging and weakening of strong emotions as a result of experiencing a dramatic work of art
cathartic
purgative; medicine that causes the bowels to empty; ADJ.
catholic
(of likings and interests) universal; general; broad; including many different parts; wide-ranging liberal; Ex. catholic opinions/tastes
caucus
private meeting of a group of people in a political party to select officers or determine policy; CF. the Caucus club of Boston
caulk(calk)
make watertight (by blocking up cracks as in a ship)
causal
implying a cause-and-effect relationship; N. causality
caustic
burning; corrosive; able to burn by chemical action; sarcastically biting; (of remarks) intended to hurt; bitter; harmful; OP. harmless
cauterize
burn (a wound or snakebite, etc.) with hot iron or caustic substance to stop bleeding and prevent infection
cavalcade
procession of riders or horse-drawn carriages; parade; CF. cavalry
cavalier
casual and offhand; arrogant; N: knight
cavil
quibble; make frivolous objections; find fault unnecessarily
cede
yield (title or territory) to (esp. after losing a war); surrender formally; N. cession
celerity
speed; rapidity
celestial
heavenly
hereafter
life after death
afterlife
life after death; later part of one'life
celibate
abstaining from sexual intercourse; unmarried; N. celibacy
censor
(in ancient Rome) overseer of morals (also taking the census); person who eliminates inappropriate matter; V.
censorious
severely critical
censure
blame; criticize; express strong disapproval; N: severe criticism; strong disapproval
centaur
mythical figure, half man and half horse
centigrade
denoting a widely used temperature scale (basically same as Celsius)
centrifugal
radiating; departing from the center
centrifuge
machine that separates substances by whirling them
centripetal
tending toward the center
centurion
Roman army officer (commanding a company of about 100 soldiers)
cerebral
pertaining to the brain or intellect; intellectual rather than emotional; CF. cerebrum
cerebration
thought; working of the brain
ceremonious
marked by formality; extremely formal and polite; CF. ceremony: conventional social courtesy
unceremonious
not done politely without due formalities
certitude
certainty
cessation
stoppage
cession
yielding to another; ceding
chafe
warm by rubbing; make sore by rubbing; N.
chaff
worthless products of an endeavor; husk(outer seed cover) separated from grain; Ex. separate the wheat from the chaff
chaffing
bantering; joking
chagrin
annoyance and disappointment; vexation (caused by humiliation or injured pride)
chalice
goblet; consecrated cup
chameleon
lizard that changes color in different situations
champion
support militantly; fight for; N: person who fights for or supports strongly (a principle, movement, person, etc.)
championship
position of champion; defense or support; competition held to determine a champion
chaotic
in utter disorder
charisma
divine gift; great popular charm or appeal; magnetism
charlatan
quack; pretender to knowledge (esp. in medicine)
chary
cautious; unwilling to take risks; sparing or restrained about giving; OP. bold
chase
ornament a metal surface by indenting; follow rapidly to catch
chasm
abyss; very deep crack
chassis
framework and working parts of an automobile; framework to which components are attached
chaste
morally pure; virginal; abstaining from illicit sexual acts; modest; simple (of a style of writing); not highly decorated; austere
chasten
discipline; punish in order to correct; CF. castigate
chastise
punish as by beating; criticize severely
chauvinist
blindly devoted patriot; zealous adherent of a group, cause, or sex; ADJ. chauvinistic; CF. chauvinism; Nicolas Chauvin
check
stop motion; curb or restrain
checkered(chequered)
marked by great changes in fortune; with many changes of fortuene; CF. checked: having a pattern of squares
cherubic
angelic; innocent-looking; N. cherub; CF. seraph: winged angel of the highest order
chicanery
trickery; deception
chide
scold; rebuke (someone who has done wrong)
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic; N. chimera: unreal fancy; fire-breathing female creature
chisel
swindle or cheat; N: wedgelike tool for cutting
chip
lose a small piece from the surface or edge; N: small piece broken off something; CF. French fry; Potato chip/crisp
chivalrous
courteous; faithful; brave; N. chivalry
choleric
hot-tempered; bad-tempered; irritable; easily angered; CF. cholera
choreography
art of representing dances in written symbols; arrangement of dances
chore
daily domestic task (such as cleaning, cooking, and shopping); unpleasant task
chortle
chuckle with delight; N.
chuckle
laugh quietly
chronic
long established as a disease
chronicle
report; record (in chronological order)
churlish
boorish; rude; N. churl: boor; yahoo
ciliated
having minute hairs; CF. cilium; CF. cilia: eyelash
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero; secret code; V.
circlet
small ring; band of gold, silver, jewel, etc. (worn on the head, arms, or neck as decoration)
circuitous
roundabout
circuit
closed circular line around an area; circumference; regularly repeated journey from place to place
circumlocution
indirect or roundabout expression (by using an uncecessarily large number of words esp. when trying to avoid answering a difficult question directly)
circumscribe
limit; confine; draw a line around
circumspect
prudent; cautious; acting after careful thought
circumvent
outwit; defeat by behaving more cleverly; outsmart; baffle; avoid; get around
cistern
reservoir or water tank
citadel
fortress
cite
quote; commend; Ex. cited for bravery in an official record
civil
having to do with citizens; not military or religious; courteous and polite; Ex. married in a civil ceremony; Ex. civil strife/disorder/law; N. civility; CF. civic
clairvoyant
having foresight; fortuneteller; N. clairvoyance
hindsight
understanding the nature of an event after it has actually happened
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties; scramble
clamor
loud continous noise; continuous demand or complaint made by a large number of people; V: make a clamor; express (a demand) continually and loudly; ADJ. clamorous
clandestine
secret
chaperon
older person who accompanies and supervises a young unmarried woman
clangor
loud resounding noise; sound of repeated clanging
clapper
striker (tongue) of a bell
clap
strike the palms of the hands together with a sudden explosive sound; come together suddenly with a sharp sound; put or send promptly; Ex. clap the thief in jail; N: clapping; loud or explosive sound; CF. applause
clarion
shrill, trumpetlike sound; kind of trumpet used in former times
claustrophobia
fear of being locked in
clavicle
collarbone
scrimmage
disorderly fight between two or more people
cleave
split or sever; cling to; remain faithful to; N. cleavage; ADJ. cloven
cleft
N: split
clemency
disposition to be lenient in deciding punishments; mildness as of the weather; ADJ. clement
clich\'e
phrase dulled in meaning by repetition; platitude; ADJ. clich\'ed
bromide
platitude; chemical compound used to calm excitement
clientele
body of customers
climactic
relating to the highest point; N. climax; CF. climatic
clime
climate
clique
small exclusive group of people
cloister
monastery or convent
clout
great influence (especially political or social); hard blow with fist
cloying
distasteful (because excessive); excessively sweet or sentimental; V. cloy: become unpleasant through too much sweetness or excess
coagulate
congeal; thicken; clot; N. coagulant
clot
half-solid lump formed from a liquid (or blood); V.
pudding
hot sweet dish
coalesce
combine; fuse; N. coalescence
coalition
partnership; league; union of separate political parties
coda
concluding section of a musical or literary composition
coddle
treat gently; indulge excessively; pamper; mollycoddle; baby; cook in water just below boiling point; Ex. coddled eggs
codicil
supplement to the body of a will; later addition to a will
codify
arrange (laws or rules) as a code; classify; N. code: system of words used instead of ordinary writing; collection of laws, rules, established social customs
coercion
use of force to get someone to object; compelling; V. coerce
coeval
living at the same time as; existing during the same period of time; contemporary; of the same age
cog
tooth projecting from a wheel
cogent
convincing
cogitate
think over; ponder
cognate
having a common origin; related linguistically; allied by blood; similar or akin in nature; Ex. cognate languages; N.
cognitive
having to do with knowing or perceiving related to the mental processes; N. cognition: the mental process of knowing
cognizance
knowledge; ADJ. cognizant; having knowledge; aware
cohabit
live together
cohere
stick together
cohesion
tendency to keep together
cohorts
group of people who share some common quality; armed band; a group of between 300 and 600 soldiers under one commander (in the ancient Rome)
coiffure
hairstyle
coin
make coins; invent or fabricate (a word or phrase); N. coinage: word or phrase recently invented
coincidence
the chance occurrence, at the same time, of two or more seemingly connected events; V. coincide: happen at the same time; be in agreement; CF. coincident; CF. coincidental
colander
utensil with perforated bottom used for straining
collaborate
work together; cooperate treasonably with the enemy
collage
work of art put together from fragments
scrap
small bit or fragment; discarded waste material; fight; Ex. a scrap of paper/cloth; V: break into parts for disposal; discard as worthless; fight; quarrel
scraps
leftover food
scrappy
quarrelsome
collate
examine and compare in order to verify authenticity; arrange in order (the sheets of a book before they are bound)
collateral
security given for loan; ADJ: secondary; descended from the same person but through different sons or daughters
collation
a light meal; collating
colloquial
pertaining to conversational or common speech; informal; N. colloquialism: colloquial expression
colloquy
informal discussion; conversation
collusion
conspiring in a fraudulent scheme to cheat or deceive others; V. collude
colossal
huge
colossus
gigantic statue; person or thing of great size or importance
comatose
in a coma; extremely sleepy
coma
deep prolonged unconsciousness caused by disease, poison, or a severe blow
combustible
easily burned; N. CF. combustion
comely
attractive; agreeable; having a pleasing appearance
homely
not good-looking; unattractive
comestible
something fit to be eaten
comeuppance
deserts; well-deserved punishment or misfortune; rebuke
deserts
what someone deserves
comity
courtesy; civility; Ex. comity of nations
commandeer
take (private property) for military use without needing permission or giving payment; draft for military purposes
draft
first rough form; conscription; draught; V: make a draft of; conscript
draught
current of air (through a room or to a fire); act of pulling roads; act of swallowing liquid or amount of liquid swallowed at a time
commemorative
remembering; honoring the memory of; Ex. commemorative stamp
commemorate
honor the memory of; serve as a memorial to; Ex. commemorate the 100th anniversary/those who died in the war
commensurate
equal in extent; of the same size
commiserate
feel or express pity or sympathy for
commodious
spacious and comfortable
communal
held in common; public; of a group of people; of a commune
commune
small (often rural) community whose members share work and income; V: exchange thoughts or feelings; Ex. commune with nature
compact
agreement; contract; ADJ: tightly packed; firm; brief; concise; Ex. compact statement
compatible
harmonious; in harmony with; able to exist together
compelling
overpowering; irresistible in effect; holding one'attention; that compels one to do something; Ex. a compelling adventure story; V. compel
compulsion
compelling; strong desire that is difficult to control; irresistible impulse
compulsory
obligatory; that must be done
compulsive
resulting from compulsion
compendium
brief, comprehensive summary; ADJ. compendious
compensatory
making up for; repaying
compilation
listing of information in tabular or book form; compiling
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate; make (a report or a book) from facts and information found in various places; Ex. compile a dictionary
complacency
self-satisfaction; smugness; ADJ. complacent
smug
self-satisfied; complacent
complaisant
trying to please; obliging; willing to please others
complement
complete; consummate; make perfect; N.
complementary
serving to complete something
compliance
conformity in fulfilling requirements; readiness to yield; disposition to yield to others; V. comply
compliant
readily acting in accordance with a rule, order, or the wishes or others; yielding; comforming to requirements
complicity
participation; involvement (in a questionable act or a crime)
component
element; ingredient
comport
bear one'self; behave; Ex. comport oneself; N. comportment
deport
send out of the country; behave; N. deportation, deportment
bearing
deportment; connection
composure
mental calmness
compound
combine; produce by combining; increase; make worse by adding to or increasing; exacerbate; Ex. compound an error; ADJ: consisting of two or more parts; N: combination of two or more parts; area enclosed by a wall containing a group of buildings; Ex. factory compound; CF. complex
comprehensive
broad; including a lot or everything; thorough; inclusive
comprehend
include; understand
compress
force into less space; squeeze; contract; put into fewer words; N: thick mass of cloth pressed to part of the body to stop bleeding or swelling, reduce fever, etc.
comprise
include; consist of
compromise
adjust or settle by making mutual concessions; endanger the interests or reputation of; put into danger, disrepute, or a dishonorable position; Ex. compromise one'principle; N.
compunction
remorse; strong uneasiness caused by guilt
compute
reckon; calculate
reckon
count; calculate; regard as; think; suppose
concatenate
link as in a chain
concave
hollow; curved inwards; OP. convex
concede
admit; acknowledge as being true (often reluctantly); yield; grant; Ex. concede a goal
conceit
vanity or self-love; too high opinion of one'own value; extravagant metaphor (in poetry)
vain
full of self-admiration; conceited; without result; unsuccessful; N. vanity
concentric
having a common center
conception
beginning; forming of an idea; fertilization; V. conceive: form an idea in the mind; devise; become pregnant; CF. inception
concerted
mutually agreed on; done together by agreement; Ex. concerted effort; CF. in concert: working together
concession
an act of yielding; conceding; something conceded; point, right, etc. given unwillingly; privilege of maintaining a business in a certain place; Ex. oil concessions in the North sea; CF. concessionaire
conciliatory
reconciling; soothing; V. conciliate: reconcile; soothe; win the friendly feelings (by removing anger)
concise
brief and compact
conclave
private secret meeting
conclusive
decisive; ending all debate
concoct
prepare by mixing or combining; make up in concert; devise (something false) so as to deceive; Ex. concoct an elaborate excuse for being late; N. concoction
concomitant
that which accompanies; Ex. Deafnes is a frequent concommitant of old age; ADJ: existing or happening together with something else
concord
harmony; accord
concordat
formal agreement
concur
agree; coincide; happen at the same time
concurrent
happening at the same time; in agreement
condescend
(derog.) bestow courtesies with a superior air; descend to the level of one considered inferior
condign
adequate; (of punishment) severe and well deserved
condiments
seasonings; spices
condole
express condolences; N. condolence: sympathy for someone who has experienced great sorrow
condone
overlook; forgive; give tacit approval; excuse
conducive
helpful; contributive; V. conduce; Ex. conduce to/towards
conduit
aqueduct; passageway for fluids
confidant(confidante)
trusted friend (to whom one tells one'secret)
confide
tell in confidence (to a person one trusts); be confident about
confidence
self-assurance; calm unworried feeling based on a strong belief in one'abilities; strong belief in the ability of a person or plan; trust or faith in a person or thing; something confided; secret; Ex. confidence in your ability; Ex. I'm telling you this in confidence; Ex. exchange confidences about their boyfriends; ADJ. confident
confidential
spoken or written in secret; trusted with private matters; Ex. confidential secretary
confine
shut in an enclosed space; restrict; keep within limits; N. confinement
confiscate
seize; take possession of (private property) by official order (usu. as a punishment); commandeer
conflagration
great fire
confluence
flowing together; the place where two rivers flow together; crowd; gathering together
conformity
harmony; agreement with established rules or customs; similarity; Ex. behave in conformity with; V. conform: be similar; act in agreement; comply; Ex. conform to the rule; CF. conformance
conformist
person who uncritically conforms to the customs of a group; OP. nonconformist: one who does not conform to accepted beliefs of norms
confound
confuse; puzzle
congeal
freeze; coagulate
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one'tastes and nature; Ex. congenial weather
congenital
existing at birth
conglomeration
mass of material sticking together
conglomerate
corporation made up of several different companies in diversified fields; mass of various material gathered together; rock consisting of small stones held together by clay; V.
congruence
correspondence of parts; harmonious relationship; CF. congruity
congruent
in agreement; harmonious; corresponding; coinciding exactly; CF. congruous
conifer
pine tree (usu. evergreen); cone-bearing tree; ADJ. coniferous; CF. deciduous; CF. evergreen
conjecture
surmise; guess; V.
conjugal
pertaining to marriage
conjure
cause to appear by magic; summon (a devil or a spirit) by magical power; practice magic (esp. by very quick movement of the hands); evoke; conjure up: bring into the mind; Ex. The magician conjured a rabbit out of his hat.
connivance
pretense of ignorance of something wrong; assistance; permission to offend; V. connive: feign ignorance (of a wrong); cooperate secretly in an illegal action; conspire
connoisseur
person competent to act as a judge of art, etc. (whose judgments are respected); a lover of an art
connotation
suggested or implied meaning of an expression; V. connote
connubial
pertaining to marriage or the matrimonial state
matrimony
state of being married
patrimony
property inherited from a father
consanguinity
kinship; relationship by birth
consanguineous(consanguine)
having a common ancestor
conscientious
scrupulous; through and careful; Ex. conscientious worker
conscript
draftee; person forced into military service; V.
consecrate
dedicate; sanctify; declare as sacred; Ex. consecrate one'life to helping the poor
consensus
general agreement; opinion reached by a group
consequential
self-important; significant; consequent; following as a result; Ex. consequential air; CF. subsequent
conservatory(conservatoire)
school of the fine arts (especially music or drama); glass-enclosed area; CF. conservancy
consign
send to a person or place for sale; deliver officially; entrust; put into the care of another; set apart (for a special purpose); N. consignment; CF. consignor, consignee
consistency
absence of contradictions; uniformity; degree of thickness or firmness; Ex. consistency of thick cream; CF. viscous
console
lessen sadness or disappointment; give comfort; allay the sorrow of; N. consolation
consolidation
unification; process of becoming firmer or stronger; V. consolidate: merge; strengthen
consonance
harmony; agreement
consonant
harmonious; in agreement; N.
consort
associate with; keep company; N: husband or wife (or a ruler)
conspiracy
treacherous plot; secret plan against the law (by two or more people)
conspire
take part in a conspiracy; (of events) work together; combine; Ex. Events conspired to produce great difficulties.
consternation
great shock; dismay
constituent
supporter; voter; member of a constituency; component
constituency
voters represented by an elected official; district so represented; group of supporters (or constituents)
constitution
constituting; system of laws; composition of something; physical makeup or structure of a person; Ex. men with strong constitutions
constraint
restraint; compulsion; repression of feelings; reticence; V. constrain: hold back; restrain; compel; oblige; confine forcibly; imprison
construe
explain; interpret; Ex. construe her silence as meaning that she agreed; CF. misconstrue
consummate
complete; V.
contagion
infection (by contact); ADJ. contagious; CF. infectious: that can be passed by infection in the air
drastic
strong; violent and severe; Ex. drastic changes/measures
contaminate
pollute
contempt
scorn; disdain; ADJ. contemptuous; CF. contemptible
contend
struggle; compete; assert earnestly; state strongly
contention
assertion; claim; thesis; struggling; competition
thesis
opinion put forward and supported by reasoned arguments
boost
lift by pushing up from below; increase; raise; N: push upward; increase
contentious
quarrelsome; controversial; likely to cause arguments
contest
dispute; argue about the rightness of; compete for; try to win; Ex. contest the election results; Ex. contest a seat in Parliament; N.
context
writings preceding and following the passage quoted; circumstance in which an event occurs
contiguous
adjacent to; touching upon
continence
self-restraint; sexual chastity; sexual abstinence; voluntary control over bladder and bowel functions; ADJ. continent
contingent
dependent on something uncertain or in the future; conditional; happening by chance; accidental; N: a group of soldiers, ships to a larger force; CF. contingency: future event that may or may not occur; possibility; Ex. prepare for every contingency
contortions
twistings; distortions; V. contort: twist violently out of shape; CF. contortionist
contraband
illegal trade; smuggling; smuggled goods; ADJ.
contravene
contradict; oppose; violate (a rule, law, or custom); N. contravention
contrite
penitent; repentant; N. contrition
contrived
unnatural and forced; artificial; not spontaneous; Ex. The ending was rather contrived.
contrive
invent or fabricate in a clever way (by improvisation); manage; Ex. contrive to attract his attention
contrivance
something contrived; machine or apparatus; clever deceitful plan; scheme
controvert
oppose with arguments; attempt to refute; contradict; ADJ. controversial; N. controversy
contumacious
stubborn and disobedient; resisting authority (esp. disobedient to an order made by a court)
contusion
bruise
bruise
injure without breaking the skin; N.
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
convene
come together; assemble; call to meet; Ex. convene the council
convention
social or moral custom; established practice; formal meeting; international agreement
conventional
ordinary; typical; not nuclear; Ex. conventional weapons
converge
approach; tend to meet; come together
conversant
familiar with; having knowledge of
converse
opposite; ADJ.
convert
one who has adopted a different religion or opinion; V: change into another form; (persuade to) adopt a particular religion or belief
convex
curving outward
conveyance
vehicle; transfer; act of conveying; Ex. public conveyance
conviction
judgment that someone is guilty of a crime; strongly held belief
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay; characterized by joviality; jovial
convoke
call together; Ex. convoke Parliament; N. convocation
convoluted
coiled around; twisted; involved; complicated; intricate; complex; N. convolution: twist; one of the convex folds of the surface of the brain
convulsion
violent uncontrollable shaking movement (caused by illness); V. convulse; ADJ. convulsive
copious
plentiful
coquette
flirt; flirtatious woman; woman who tries to attract the admiration of men without sincere feelings; V.
flirt
behave in a way that attracts (sexual) attention; deal triflingly with; N: one (or woman) given to flirting; ADJ. flirtatious
cordial
warmly friendly; gracious; heartfelt; Ex. cordial welcome
cordon
extended line of men or fortifications to prevent access or egress; (¾î±ú¿¡¼ °Üµå¶û ¹ØÀ¸·Î °ÉÄ¡´Â) Àå½Ä ¸®º»; V.
cornice
projecting molding on building (usually above columns or pillars); ó¸¶ Àå½Ä
cornucopia
horn (or horn-shaped container) overflowing with fruit and grain; symbol of abundance; horn of plenty
corollary
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
corporeal
bodily (rather than spiritual); of a bodily form; material; tangible
corpulent
very fat; N. corpulence
corpus
collection (of writings or information); Ex. the corpus of Shakespear'works; Cf. corpse
corpuscle
red or white cell in the blood
correlation
mutual relationship
correlate
either of the correlated things; V.
corroborate
confirm; support; strengthen
corrode
destroy or wear away gradually by chemical action (over a long period)
corrosive
eating away by chemicals or disease; (of language) fierce
corrugated
wrinkled; ridged
wrinkle
small ridge on a smooth surface (face or cloth); V.
crinkle
wrinkle
cosmic
pertaining to the universe; vast
coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
countenance
approve; support; tolerate; Ex. countenance his rude behavior; N: face; appearance
countermand
cancel; revoke (an order)
counterpart
thing that completes another; things very much alike; thing that has the same purpose in a different system
coup
highly successful action or sudden attack; coup(s) d'\'etat; CF. coup de gr\^ace: deathblow or shot which kills
couple
join; unite; OP. uncouple
courier
messenger
covenant
binding agreement between two groups or people; compact; V: enter into a covenant; promise
bargain
agreement between two groups or people; something for sale at a price advantageous to the buyer; V: negotiate; trade; Ex. bargaining power
covert
secret; hidden; implied; OP. overt
covetous
avaricious; desirous of (someone else'possessions); V. covet: desire eagerly (someone else'possessions)
cow
terrorize; intimidate
cower
shrink quivering as from fear; cringe
coy
shy (flirtatiously); showing a (pretended) lack of self-confidence; modest; coquettish; CF. job offer¸¦ ¹Þ¾ÒÀ» ¶§
cozen
cheat; hoodwink; swindle
crabbed
sour; bad-tempered; peevish; difficult to read as handwriting
peevish
bad-tempered; irritable; V. peeve: make angry
crass
very unrefined; grossly insensible; crude and undiscriminating; Ex. crass behavior
craven
cowardly
credence
belief
credo
creed
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility; naivet\'e; ADJ. credulous
creed
system of religious or ethical belief
crescendo
increase in the volume or intensity as in a musical passage; climax; CF. crescent
far-fetched
too improbable to be believed; implausible; Ex. far-fetched story
overture
musical introduction to a long musical piece; first offer or proposal (to begin talks in the hope of reaching an agreement); Ex. overtures for peace
crestfallen
dejected; dispirited
crest
top (as of a hill or wave); showy feathers on the head of a bird
crevice
crack; fissure
cringe
shrink back as if in fear; cower
criteria
standards used in judging; CF. criterion
crone
hag; ugly old woman
crotchety
(of someone old) eccentric; odd; whimsical; bad-tempered; N. crotchet: odd or whimsical notion
crux
essential or main point; Ex. the crux of the problem; ADJ. crucial: of deciding importance
crypt
secret recess or vault usually used for burial; underground room (under a church)
cryptic
mysterious; hidden; secret
cubicle
small chamber used for sleeping or work
compartment
one of the parts into which an enclosed space is divided
cuisine
style of cooking; Ex. French cuisine
culinary
relating to cooking or kitchen
cull
pick out from others (to kill the weakest members); reject; select; collect (information); N.
culmination
highest point; climax; V. culminate in: reach the highest point in; end in; Ex. a series of minor clashes culminating in war
culpable
deserving blame; blameworthy
culprit
one guilty of a crime
culvert
artificial channel for water; drain crossing under a road
cumbersome
heavy and awkward to carry or wear; burdensome; Ex. cumbersome parcel/uniform
cumulative
growing by addition; accumulative
cupidity
greed (for wealth); CF. cupid; CF. Cupid
curator
superintendent; manager (in charge of a museum or a library)
curmudgeon
churlish, miserly individual; bad-tempered old person
cursive
(of writing) flowing; running; having the successive letters joined
cursory
casual; hastily done with little attention to detail
curtail
shorten; reduce
cynical
skeptical or distrustful of human motives; N. cynicism; CF. cynic: person who believes all people are motivated by selfishness
cynosure
object of general attention; person or thing that is a center of attention; CF. Ursa Minor
dabble
work at in a nonserious fashion; splash around; move noisily in a liquid
dais
raised platform for speakers or other important people
dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness; procrastinate; waste time
dank
damp; unpleasantly wet
dapper
neat and trim (in appearance); (of small men) neat in appearance and quick in movements; neat; spry
dappled
spotted
daub
smear (as with paint); cover with something sticky; Ex. daub one'clothes with mud/paint; N: small bit of sticky substance; Ex. a daub of paint
smear
spread or cover with a sticky substance; N: mark made by smearing
smudge
dirty mark with unclear edges made by rubbing; V.
daunt
intimidate; frighten; discourage; dishearten
dauntless
bold; fearless
dawdle
loiter; hang around; waste time doing nothing
deadlock
standstill resulting from the opposition of two unrelenting forces; stalemate
standstill
condition of no movement or activity; stop
deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; with an expressionless face
dearth
scarcity
debacle
sudden disastrous downfall or defeat; complete disaster
debase
degrade; reduce in quality or value; degenerate; lower in esteem; disgrace; N. debasement
kneel
go down on one'knee(s)
debauch
corrupt morally; seduce from virtue; N. debauchery: wild behavior (with sex and alcohol)
seduce
lead away from proper conduct; entice; ADJ. seductive
debilitate
weaken (esp. through heat, hunger, illness); enfeeble
bout
match; short period of great activity; Ex. wrestling bout; bout of drinking/flu
debonair
(of men) friendly, charming, and fashionably dressed; aiming to please; CF. of good disposition
debris
rubble; wreckage; scattered remains of something broken or destroyed
debunk
expose as false, exaggerated, worthless, etc.; ridicule
debutante
young woman making formal entrance into society
debut
debut; first public appearance; formal presentation of a young woman to society
decadence
decay; fall to a lower level (of morality, civilization, or art); ADJ. decadent
decant
pour off gently (wine or liquid)
decapitate
behead
decelerate
slow down
deciduous
falling off at a specific season or stage of growth as of leaves; Ex. deciduous tree/teeth
decimate
kill (usually one out of ten or every tenth man); destroy or kill a large part of
decipher
decode; CF. indecipherable
declivity
downward slope
decollete
(of a dress) having a low-cut neckline; CF. d\'ecolletage: low neckline (on a dress)
decree
authoritative order; edict; judgment of a court of law; V: order or judge by decree
decomposition
decay; V. decompose: decay; break and separate into simple parts
decorum
propriety; orderliness and good taste in manners; appropriateness of behavior or conduct
decorous
proper (in behavior, conduct, or appearance)
decoy
lure or bait; V.
decrepitude
state of collapse or weakness caused by illness or old age
decrepit
weak and in bad condition from old age or hard use; Ex. decrepit old chair/man
decry
express strong disapproval of; condemn openly (something dangerous to the public); disparage; Ex. decry the violence of modern films
deducible
derived by reasoning; V. deduce: infer; derive by reasoning
deface
mar; disfigure
mar
spoil the appearance of
defame
harm someone'reputation; malign; speak evil of; slander; N. defamation; ADJ. defamatory
default
failure to act; failure to perform a task or be present; V.
defeatist
resigned to defeat or failure; accepting defeat or failure as a natural outcome; N. CF. defeatism
defection
desertion
defect
shortcoming; V: desert (in order to join the opposite one)
defer
give in respectfully; submit; delay till later; exempt temporarily; N. deferment; CF. show respect, comply with, courteous
deference
courteous regard for another'wish; courteous yielding to another'wish or opinion (showing respect); ADJ. deferential; OP. effrontery
defiance
refusal to yield; resistance; V. defy; ADJ. defiant
defile
pollute; make filthy or dirty; corrupt morally; profane; desecrate; N: narrow passage or gorge through mountains
definitive
most reliable; authorative and complete; that cannot be improved; conclusive; decisive; definite; Ex. definitive decision by the supreme court
deflect
turn aside; turn away from a straight course
defoliate
destroy leaves; deprive of leaves (by the use of chemicals); N. defoliant
defray
provide for the payment of; undertake the payment of; pay
defrock
strip a priest or minister of church authority; unfrock
frock
long loose garment (worn by monks)
deft
neat; skillful
defunct
dead; no longer in use or existence
degenerate
become worse in quality; deteriorate; ADJ: having become worse; Ex. a degenerate species; N: depraved or corrupt person
degradation
humiliation; debasement; degeneration; V. degrade: debase; disgrace; degenerate; reduce (something) in worth; demote (someone); reduce in rank
dishonor
disgrace; N. ADJ. dishonorable
dehydrate
remove water from; dry out
deify
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize; Ex. Kings were deified; CF. deity
deign
condescend; stoop
stoop
bend forward and down; lower or debase oneself; fall to a lower standard of behavior by doing something; condescend; Ex. stoop to lying
delete
erase; strike out
deleterious
harmful
deliberate
consider; ponder; ADJ: done on purpose; slow
delineate
portray; depict; sketch; describe; N. delineation
delirium
mental disorder marked by confusion; uncontrolled excitement; ADJ. delirious
delta
flat plain of mud or sand between branches of a river
delude
deceive
deluge
flood; rush; V.
delusion
false belief; hallucination; deluding; Ex. delusions of grandeur; Ex. under the delusion that
delusive
deceptive; likely to delude; misleading; raising vain hopes; Ex. delusive promises
delve
dig; search deeply; investigate
demagogue
person who appeals to people'prejudice; false leader of people; CF. demagoguery
demean
disgrace; humiliate; debase in dignity; behave
demeanor
behavior; bearing
demented
insane
demise
death
demographic
related to population balance; N. demography: statistical study of human population
demolition
destruction; V. demolish
demoniac(demoniacal)
fiendish; cruel; N. demon: evil supernatural being; devil
fiend
evil spirit; devil
demotic
of or pertaining to the people
demur
object (because of doubts, scruples); raise an objection (showing qualms); hesitate; Ex. demur at the idea of working on Sunday
demure
(of a woman or child) grave; quiet and serious; coy; pretending to be demure
denigrate
blacken; defame
denizen
(animal, person, or plant) inhabitant or resident of a particular place; regular visitor
denotation
meaning; distinguishing by name; V. denote: indicate; refer to directly; mean; CF. connotation
denouement
final outcome; final development of the plot of a play or other literary work; the end of a story when everything is explained
denounce
condemn; criticize; N. denunciation
depict
portray
expos\'e
public revelation of something discreditable
deplete
reduce; exhaust
deplore
regret; express sorrow and severe disapproval for something bad; Ex. deplore their violent behavior; ADJ. deplorable: very bad; deserving severe disapproval; Ex. deplorable living condition
deploy
spread out (troops) in an extended though shallow battle line; distribute (persons or forces) systematically or strategically
battalion
army unit made up of four or more companies
depose
dethrone; remove from office; give a deposition; testify
deposition
testimony under oath; deposing; dethroning
depravity
extreme corruption; wickedness; V. deprave
deprecate
express disapproval of; deplore; protest against; belittle; ADJ. deprecatory
depreciate
lessen in value; belittle; represent as of little value
depredation
plundering; destruction
deranged
insane
institute
organization for a special purpose; V: establish
institution
instituting; (building for the) organization; established custom, practice, or relationship in a society; mental hospital; Ex. institution of marriage
institutionalize
make into an institution; put or confine in an institution
derelict
negligent; (of someone) neglectful of duty; (of something) deserted by an owner; abandoned; N: abandoned property; homeless or vagrant person
dereliction
neglect of duty; abandonment
deride
ridicule; treat with contempt; make fun of; OP. respect
derision
ridicule; ADJ. derisive; CF. derisory
derivative
unoriginal; obtained from another source; Ex. derivative prose style; N.
derivation
deriving; origin or source of something; Ex. the derivation of the word
dermatologist
one who studies the skin and its diseases
acne
skin disease (on the face)
derogatory
expressing a low opinion; disparaging; V. derogate: detract; disparage
descry
catch sight of (something distant)
desecrate
profane; violate the sanctity of
violate
break (a law); defile; desecrate; assault sexually; Ex. violate graves
desiccate
dry up
desolate
(of a place) deserted; unpopulated; (of a person) lonely; forlorn; joyless
desolate
make desolate; forsake; abandon and desert
desperado
reckless, desperate outlaw
desperate
having lost all hope; despairing; reckless and violent because of loss of hope or despair; undertaken as a last resort
despise
look on with scorn; regard as worthless or distasteful; ADJ. despicable: contemptible
despoil
plunder; sack; Ex. despoil the village
despondent
without hope and courage; depressed; gloomy; N. despondency: loss of hope with gloom; dejection
despot
tyrant; harsh, authoritarian ruler; CF. despotism
destitute
extremely poor; lacking means of subsistence; utterly lacking; devoid; Ex. destitute of any experience
impoverish
make poor; deprive of natural strength or something important; Ex. impoverished soil
desultory
aimless; haphazard; digressing at random
detached
emotionally removed; free from emotional involvement; calm and objective; physically separate; N. detachment; CF. attachment
detain
keep waiting; prevent from leaving or going; N. detention
determinate
having a fixed order of procedure; precisely defined; invariable; fixed; conclusive; final
determination
resolve; firmness of purpose; measurement or calculation; decision
deterrent
something that discourages or deters
detonation
explosion
detraction
slandering; aspersion; detracting; CF. detractor
detrimental
harmful; damaging; N. detriment
deviate
turn away from (a principle, norm); move away from an accepted standard; swerve; depart; diverge; N. deviation; Ex. deviation of the path of light by a prism
devious
roundabout; erratic; deviating from the straight course; not straightforward; not completely honest; Ex. devious route
devise
think up; invent; plan; bequeath; N: bequest
devoid
empty; lacking
devolve
deputize; pass or be passed to others (power, work, or property); Ex. devolve on/upon/to
deputize
work or appoint as a deputy; N. deputy: person who has the power to take charge when the leading person is away
devotee
enthusiastic follower; enthusiast; Ex. devotee of Bach
devout
pious; deeply religious; sincere; earnest; Ex. my devout hope
religious
of religion; (of a person) pious; having reverence for a deity
dexterous
skillful; skill in using hands or mind; N. dexterity
diabolical
diabolic; devilish; fiendish
diadem
crown
dialectical
relating to the art of debate; mutual or reciprocal; Ex. dialectical situation; N. dialectic: art of arriving at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments
diaphanous
sheer; transparent
diatribe
bitter scolding or denunciation; invective; abuse
dichotomy
division into two opposite parts; split; branching into two parts (especially contradictory ones)
dictum
authoritative and weighty statement (made by a judge in court); saying; maxim; CF. obiter dictum: incidental, nonbinding remark (something said in passing)
didactic
(of speech or writing) intended to teach a moral lesson; teaching; instructional; N. didacticism
die
metal block used for shaping metal or plastic; device for stamping or impressing; mold; CF. dice
diffidence
shyness; lack of self-confidence; timidity; ADJ. diffident
diffuse
wordy; verbose; rambling; spread out (like a gas); V: spread out in all directions; disperse; N. diffusion; CF. suffuse
digression
wandering away from the subject; V. digress
dilapidated
falling to pieces; in a bad condition; ruined because of neglect; Ex. dilapidated old car/castle; N. dilapidation
dilate
expand; dilate on/upon: speak or write at length on (a subject)
dilatory
delaying; tending to delay
dilemma
situation that requires a choice between equally unfavorable options; problem; choice of two unsatisfactory alternatives
dilettante
aimless follower of an art or a field of knowledge (not taking it seriously); amateur; dabbler; CF. delight
diligence
steadiness of effort; persistent hard work
dilute
make (a liquid) less concentrated; reduce in strength; Ex. dilute the influence of the president
diminution
lessening; reduction in size; V. diminish
din
continued loud noise; V: make a din; instill by wearying repetition
weary
tired after long work; V.
dinghy
small boat (often ship'boat)
maroon
leave helpless on a deserted island or coast; ADJ. red brown
dingy
(of things and place) dirty and dull; Ex. dingy street/curtain
dull
(of colors or surfaces) not bright; cloudy; overcast; boring; (of edge or sound) not sharp; not rapid; sluggish; slow in thinking and understanding; stupid; V.
dint
means; effort; Ex. by dint of hard work
diorama
life-size, three-dimensional scene from nature or history; three-dimensional scene with modeled figures against a painted background
dire
warning of disaster; disastrous; (of needs and dangers) very great; urgent; Ex. dire prediction/need of food
dirge
funeral song; slow mournful piece of music (sung over a dead person)
disabuse
correct a false impression; undeceive; free from a wrong belief
disaffected
disloyal; lacking loyality; V. disaffect: cause to lose affection or loyalty
disapprobation
disapproval; condemnation
disarray
state of disorder; a disorderly or untidy state; Ex. with her clothes in disarray
disavowal
denial; disclaiming; repudiating; disowning; V. disavow; CF. disclaim
disband
dissolve; disperse; (of a group) break up and separate; Ex. The club has disbanded.
disburse
pay out (as from a fund); N. disbursement; CF. purse
discernible
distinguishable; perceivable; Ex. discernible improvement
discerning
mentally quick and observant; having insight; perceptive; able to make good judgments; V. discern: perceive
disclaim
disown; renounce claim to; deny; CF. disclaimer
disclose
reveal; N. disclosure
discombobulated
discomposed; confused
discompose
disturb the composure of; confuse
discomfit
frustrate; put to rout; defeat; disconcert; embarrass; perturb
disconcert
confuse; upset; embarrass; perturb
disconsolate
hopelessly sad (at the loss of something)
discord
conflict; lack of harmony; dissonance (when musical notes are played)
discordant
not harmonious; conflicting
discount
disregard; regard (a story or news) as unimportant; deduct from a cost
discourse
serious speech, writing, or conversation; formal discussion (either written or spoken); conversation; V.
discredit
defame; disgrace; destroy confidence in; disbelieve; N. CF. discreditable: causing discredit; shameful
discrepancy
lack of consistency or agreement as between facts; difference; Ex. discrepancy between two descriptions
discrete
separate; unconnected
discretion
prudence; ability to adjust actions to circumstances; freedom of action or judgment; ADJ. discreet; CF. discretionary
discriminating
able to see differences; discerning; prejudiced; N. discrimination
discriminate
distinguish; make distinctions on the basis of preference
brisk
quick and active; marked by liveliness and vigor
discursive
(of a person or writing) digressing; rambling (without any clear plan)
disdain
treat with scorn or contempt
disembark
debark; go ashore (from a ship); unload cargo from a ship; CF. embark
disenfranchise
disfranchise; deprive of a civil right; OP. enfranchise
disengage
uncouple; separate; disconnect; stop fighting; OP. engage
disfigure
mar the appearance of; spoil
disgorge
surrender something (stolen); eject; vomit; OP. gorge
disgruntle
make discontented
dishearten
discourage
disheveled
untidy (of hair or clothing); V. dishevel
disinclination
unwillingness
disingenuous
not naive; not candid; sophisticated; worldly wise; OP. ingenuous
disinter
dig up; unearth; OP. inter
disinterested
unprejudiced; free from bias and self-interest; objective
disjointed
disconnected; lacking coherence; V. disjoint: disconnect; disjoin
disjunction
act or state of separation; disunity; CF. disjunctive: expressing a choice between two ideas; CF. conjunction; CF. conjunctive
dislodge
remove (forcibly); force out of a position; Ex. dislodge the food caught in his throat; CF. lodge
dismantle
take apart; disassemble
mantle
loose sleeveless outer garment; cloak; something that covers or envelops; the layer of the earth between the crust and the core
crust
hard outer covering (as of earth or snow)
dismember
cut into small parts; cut (a body) apart limb from limb
dismiss
eliminate from consideration; no longer consider; put out of court without further hearing; reject; discharge from employment; direct to leave; ADJ. dismissive; N. dismissal
disparage
belittle
maneuver
(manoeuver) strategic military or naval movement (done for training purposes); carefully planned process; stratagem; V: carry out a military maneuver; use maneuvers in gaining an end
disparate
basically different; impossible to compare; unrelated
disparity
difference; condition of inequality; OP. parity
dispassionate
calm; impartial; not influenced by personal feelings
dispatch
speediness; prompt execution; message sent with all due speed; V: send to a specified destination; finish promptly; kill
dispel
scatter; drive away; cause to vanish
dispense
distribute; prepare and give out (medicines); N. dispensation: dispensing; religious system; official exemption from an obligation or a rule
disperse
scatter; Ex. disperse the cloud/crowd
dispirited
lacking in spirit
disport
amuse; Ex. disport oneself; CF. divert
disputatious
argumentative; fond of argument
disquietude
uneasiness; anxiety; V. disquiet: make anxious
disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; explanation of the results of a formal inquiry; long formal speech or written report
dissection
analysis; cutting apart in order to examine
dissemble
disguise; hide the real nature of; pretend
disseminate
distribute; spread; scatter (like seeds)
dissent
disagree
dissertation
formal essay; treatise
dissident
dissenting (with an opinion, a group, or a government); rebellious; N.
dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning; dissemble
dissipate
squander; waste foolishly; scatter
dissolution
disintegration; reduction to a liquid form; looseness in morals; sensual indulgence; debauchery; ADJ. dissolute: lacking in moral restraint; leading an immoral life
reduce
diminish; bring to a weaker or more difficult condition; demote; lower in rank; separate into components by analysis; Ex. reduced to the ranks; Ex. reduce the house to rubble; N. reduction
dissuade
persuade not to do; discourage; N. dissuasion
dissonance
discord
distant
reserved or aloof; cold in manner; Ex. distant greeting; ADV. distantly
distend
expand; swell out
distill
refine (a liquid by evaporating and subsequent condensation); concentrate; separate the most important parts from; Ex. distill fresh water from sea water; CF. brew
distinction
honor; excellence; difference; contrast; discrimination; Ex. graduated with distinction; Ex. a writer of real distinction
distinct
clearly different; clearly noticed
distinctive
clearly different from others of the same kind
distort
twist out of shape; give a false account of; misrepresent; N. distortion
distrait
absentminded; distracted
distraught
upset; distracted by anxiety; very anxious and troubled almost to the point of madness; Ex. distraught with grief/worry
distract
take (one'attention) off something; upset emotionally; make anxious; ADJ. distracted
diurnal
daily; occurring during the daytime
diva
operatic singer; prima donna
diverge
vary; go in different directions from the same point; ADJ. divergent: differing; deviating
diverse
differing in some characteristics (from each other); various; N. diversity: variety; dissimilitude; lack of resemblance
diversion
act of turning aside; pastime; V. divert: turn aside from a course; distract; amuse
divest
strip (as of clothes); deprive (as of rights); dispossess; N. divestiture(divestment)
divine
perceive intuitively (by or as if by magic); foresee the future; foretell; dowse; ADJ. N. divination
dowse
use a divining rod to search for underground water or minerals
divulge
reveal
docile
obedient; easily managed; submissive
ferocious
fierce; violent; N. ferocity
docket
program as for trial; book where such entries are made; list of things to be done; agenda; label fixed to a package listing contents or directions; V: describe in a docket
doctrinaire
unable to compromise about points of doctrine; dogmatic; unyielding; marked by inflexible attachment to a doctrine without regard to its practical difficulties
doctrine
teachings in general; particular principle (religious, legal, etc.) taught; dogma; tenet; ADJ. doctrinal
indoctrinate
cause to accept a doctrine without questioning it; Ex. indoctrinated with mindless anti-communism
document
provide written evidence (for a claim); record with documents; N.
doddering
shaky; infirm from old age; V. dodder
merit
deserve; ADJ. meritorious: deserving reward or praise
doff
take off; OP. don
dogged
determined; stubborn; stubbornly persevering; tenacious; Ex. Inspector Javert'dogged pursuit of Jean Valjean
persevere
continue steadily in spite of difficulties
doggerel
poor verse
dogmatic
opinionated; holding stubbornly to one'opinion; arbitrary; doctrinal
doldrums
blues; listlessness(lack of spirit or energy); slack(inactive) period; period of stagnation; ocean area near the equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind; Ex. in the doldrums
blues
state of depression or melancholy; style of slow, mournful music (evolved from southern Black American songs)
dolorous
sorrowful; N. dolor
dolt
slow-thinking stupid person; CF. dull
domicile
home; V. ADJ. domiciled: having one'domicile; Ex. He is domiciled in Britain.
domineer
rule over tyrannically
dominate
control; rule; enjoy a commanding position in; overlook from a height; ³»·Á´Ùº¸´Ù
dominant
exercising the most influence; high and easily seen; stronger than the other part of a system; not recessive
don
put on; OP. doff
outfit
clothing or equipment for a special purpose; Ex. cowboy outfit
dormant
sleeping; temporarily inactive; lethargic; latent
dormer
window projecting upright from roof; CF. sleeping room
dorsal
relating to the back of an animal; Ex. dorsal fin
dossier
file of documents on a subject or person; file; CF. bundle of papers labeled on the back
dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age; Ex. In one'dotage
dote
be excessively fond of; show signs of mental decline
dour
sullen; gloomy; stubborn
sullen
silently showing ill humor or resentment; dark; gloomy
brood
sit on in order to hatch; think deeply or worry anxiously; N: the young of certain animals; group of young birds hatched at one time
douse
plunge into water or liquid; dip; immerse; drench; wet throughly; extinguish; throw water over; dowse
dowdy
untidy (of a woman or clothes); slovenly; dressed in an unattractive way; shabby; CF. unattractive woman
downcast
disheartened; dejected; sad; directed downward
drab
dull; lacking color; cheerless ; Ex. drab coat/life
draconian
extremely severe; Ex. draconian punishment; CF. Draco: Athenian politician
dregs
sediment in a liquid; lees; worthless residue
drivel
nonsense; foolishness; V: talk nonsense
nonsense
speech or writing with no meaning; foolish behavior or language; Ex. make (a) nonsense of: spoil; cause to fail
dribble
flow or fall in drops; let saliva flow out slowly from the mouth; move a ball; N.
drip
fall or let fall in drops; shed drops; N: action or sound of falling in drops; liquid that falls in drops
trickle
flow in drops or in a thin stream; N.
droll
queer and amusing
queer
strange; eccentric; deviating from the normal
drone
idle person who lives on other people'work; male bee
drone
talk dully; buzz or murmur like a bee; N.
murmur
low, indistinct, continuous sound; V. CF. mumble
dross
waste matter; worthless impurities
drudgery
hard unpleasant work; menial work
drudge
do drudgery; N: person who drudges
dubious
questionable; (of something) causing doubt; (of someone) filled with doubt; N. dubiety
ductile
malleable; pliable; (of metals) easily pulled into shape; flexible; (of someone) easily influenced or controlled
dulcet
sweet sounding; pleasing to the ear; melodious
dumbfound(dumfound)
astonish (making dumb); ADJ. dumbfounded, dumfounded, dumbstruck
dupe
someone easily fooled or deceived; V: deceive
duplicity
double-dealing; hypocrisy; being dishonest and deceitful; ADJ. duplicitous
duration
length of time something lasts
duress
forcible restraint, especially unlawfully; coercion by threat; illegal coercion; Ex. a promise made under duress
dutiful(duteous)
(of people or their behavior) respectful; obedient (filled with a sense of duty)
dwindle
shrink; reduce gradually
dynamic
energetic; vigorously active
dynamo
generator for producing electricity; energetic person
dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; N. dyspepsia: indigestion; difficulty in digesting food
dys-
abnormal; impaired
dyslexia
word blindness; learning disorder marked by impairment of the ability to read
dysentery
inflammatory disorder of the lower intestinal tract
earthy
unrefined; coarse; of earth; Ex. earthy remarks; OP. ethereal
earthly
of this earth; terrestrial; worldly; not divine; possible; Ex. no earthly reason
ebb
(of the tide) recede; lessen; diminish; N. OP. flow: rise of tide
ebullient
showing excitement; overflowing with enthusiasm; boiling; N. ebullience; N. ebullition: state of boiling
eccentric
irregular; odd; unconventional; whimsical; bizarre; not concentric
eccentricity
oddity; idiosyncrasy
ecclesiastic
ecclesiastical; pertaining to the church; N: minister; priest; cleric; clergyman
chapel
small church (in a prison, college, or hospital)
chaplain
clergyman attached to a chapel
padre
chaplain (in the armed forces)
eclectic
selective; composed of elements drawn from disparate sources; selecting individual elements from a variety of sources; N. eclecticism
selective
careful in choosing; having an effect only on certain things; not general; Ex. eclectic weed killer
eclipse
darken; extinguish; outshine; surpass; cause an eclipse
ecliptic
path of the sun and the planets
ecologist
person concerned with the interrelationship between living organisms and their environment; person concerned with the detrimental effects of human civilization on the environment; CF. ecology
ecosystem
ecological community together with its environment
economy
efficiency or conciseness in using something; thrifty management of resources
ecstasy
rapture; very strong feeling of joy and happiness; any overpowering emotion; ADJ. ecstatic: causing or experiencing ecstasy
rapture
great joy and delight; ecstasy; ADJ. rapturous
eddy
swirling current of water, air, etc.; V.
edict
decree (especially one issued by a sovereign); official command
sovereign
ruler in a monarchy; ADJ: (of a country) independent and self-governing; having supreme power; supreme; excellent
sovereignty
complete independence and self-government (of a country); supremacy of authority; power to govern
edify
instruct; correct morally
edifice
building (of imposing size)
eerie
weird; causing fear because strange
efface
rub out; remove the surface of
effectual
able to produce a desired effect; valid
effective
effectual; producing a strong response; striking; in operation; in effect; Ex. effective speech/photograph
effectuate
effect; produce; achieve; Ex. effectuate a reconciliation
effeminate
having womanly traits
emasculate
weaken; castrate
castrate
remove the sex organs (of a male animal or person)
effervescence
inner excitement or exuberance; showing high spirits; emitting bubbles forming inside; bubbling from fermentation or carbonation; ADJ. effervescent; V. effervesce
effete
having lost one'original power; barren; worn out; exhausted
efficacy
power to produce desired effect; ADJ. efficacious: effectual
effigy
dummy; likeness of a person made of wood, paper, or stone; Ex. burn an effigy of the President
dummy
imitation of a real object used as a substitute; effigy
effluvium
noxious (harmful) smell
effrontery
rudeness without any sense of shame; shameless boldness; presumptousness; nerve; cheek
effulgent
shining brightly; brilliant
effusion
pouring forth; unrestrained outpouring of feeling; V. effuse: pour out; ADJ. effusive: pouring forth; gushing
gush
(of liquid) pour out in large quantities from a hole; make an excessive display of feeling (without true feeling); Ex. Blood gushed from the wound.
egoism
excessive interest in one'self; belief that one should be interested in one'self rather than in others; selfishness; ADJ. egoistic, egoistical
ego
one'opinion of oneself; self-esteem
egotistical
egotistic; excessively self-centered(egocentric); self-important; conceited
egotism
tendency to speak or write of oneself excessively; conceit; self-importance
egregious
notorious; conspicuously bad or shocking
egress
exit; opening for going out; act of going out; OP. ingress
ejaculation
exclamation; abrupt ejection (to discharge sperm); V. ejaculate
elaboration
addition of details; intricacy
elaborate
work out carefully; add more detail or information; ADJ.
elated
filled with excited joy and pride; overjoyed; in high spirits; joyful and proud; Ex. elated crowd; V. elate; N. elation
elegy
poem or song expressing lamentation (for the dead); ADJ. elegiacal, elegiac
elicit
draw out fact or information (by discussion or from someone)
elixir
cure-all; panacea; something invigorating
ellipsis
omission of words from a text; mark used to indicate an omission (when the meaning can be understood without them); PL. ellipses
elliptical
elliptic; oval; of an ellipse; containing an ellipsis; ambiguous either purposely or because key words have been left out
eloquence
expressiveness; persuasive speech; ADJ. eloquent: movingly expressive; expressing ideas well so that the hearers can be influeneced
elucidate
explain; make clear; clarify; enlighten; CF. lucid
elusive
evasive; not frank; baffling; hard to grasp, catch, or understand; V. elude: escape from; escape the understanding or grasp of; Ex. elude the hunter; Ex. His name eludes me.
elysian
relating to paradise; blissful
Elysium
place or condition of bliss
emaciated
thin and wasted (from hunger or illness)
emanate
issue forth; come out
emancipate
set free; liberate
embargo
ban on commerce or other activity
embark
commence; go on board a boat; begin a journey
embed
(imbed); enclose; place in something; fix firmly in a surrounding mass
embellish
adorn; ornament; enhance as a story (by adding fictitious details)
embezzlement
taking for one'own use in violation of trust; stealing (of money placed in one'care)
emblazon
ornament richly (a shield or flag); N. emblazonment
embody
give a bodily form to; incorporate; include
emboss
produce a design in raised relief; decorate with a raised design
embrace
hug; clasp with the arms; adopt or espouse; accept readily; encircle; include; Ex. embrace the cause/socialism; Ex. all-embracing; CF. brace; CF. bracelet
encircle
surround
embroider
decorate with needlework; ornament (a story) with fancy or fictitious details; embellish
embroil
throw into confusion; involve in strife, dispute, or quarrel; entangle; CF. imbroglio
embryonic
undeveloped; rudimentary; N. embryo: organism in the early stage of development
emend
correct (usually a text); N. emendation: correction of errors; improvement
emetic
substance causing vomiting; ADJ.
eminent
rising above others; high; lofty; distinguished; Ex. eminent position
emissary
agent (sent on a mission to represent another); messenger
emollient
soothing or softening remedy (for the skin); ADJ.
emolument
salary; payment for an office; compensation
empathy
ability to identify with another'feelings, ideas, etc.; identification with and understanding of another'feelings; V. empathize; CF. sympathy
compassion
sympathy for the suffering of others; ADJ. compassionate
empirical
based on experience
emulate
imitate; rival; try to equal or excel (through imitation)
enamored
in love; Ex. enamored of his own beauty; V. enamor: inspire with love
encipher
encode; convert a message into code; put into cipher
enclave
territory enclosed within an alien land
encomiastic
praising; eulogistic; N. encomium: very high praise; eulogy
encompass
surround; include; Ex. His activities encompass publishing and computers.
encroachment
gradual intrusion; Ex. I resent all these encroachments on my valuable time; V. encroach: take another'possessions or right gradually or stealthily; intrude; Ex. encroach on/upon
encumber
burden; N. encumbrance
endearment
fond word or act; expression of affection
endear
make beloved; Ex. endear her to everyone; ADJ. dear: loved; cherished; high-priced
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people or in a specific area or country; peculiar to a particular region or people; CF. pandemic
endorse
approve; support; write one'signature on the back of; N. endorsement; CF. dorsal
endue
provide with some quality; endow
enduring
lasting; surviving; V. endure: bear (pain or suffering) for a long time; remain alive (in spite of difficulties); last; survive
energize
invigorate; give energy to; make forceful and active
enervate
weaken; take away energy from
enfranchise
admit to the rights of citizenship (especially the right to vote); CF. franchise
engage
attract; employ; hire; pledge oneself; confront; fight; enter into confliction; interlock; lock together; participate; N. engagement: agreement to marry; arrangement to meet someone or to do something; battle
engaging
charming; attractive
engaged
employed; busy; betrothed; involved in conflict
engender
cause; produce; give rise to
engross
occupy fully; absorb
enhance
increase; make greater (as in value, reputation, or usefulness); improve
enigma
puzzle; mystery; ADJ. enigmatic: obscure; puzzling
puzzle
baffle or confuse by a difficult problem; ponder over a problem in an effort to solve; clarify or solve by reasoning; Ex. puzzle out the answer; N.
enjoin
command; order; forbid
enmity
ill will; hatred; hostility
ennui
boredom; listlessness and dissatisfaction resulting from lack of interest; CF. annoy
enormity
hugeness (in a bad sense); excessive wickedness; Ex. enormity of the crime; ADJ. enormous
enrapture
please intensely; fill with rapture and delight
ensconce
settle comfortably; place comfortably (in a secure place)
ensue
follow (as a result)
entail
make necessary; require; necessitate; involve; limit the inheritance of (property) to a specified succession of heirs; Ex. entail A on/upon B
enterprising
full of initiative; showing enterprise
enterprise
willingness to take new ventures; initiative; business organization; plan (that is difficult or daring); Ex. their latest enterprise to sail round the world in a small boat
enthrall
capture; enslave; captivate; hold the complete attention of (as if magic); hold spellbound
entice
lure; persuade to do (something wrong); attract; tempt
mischief
behavior (of children) causing trouble with no serious harm; damage; harm; Ex. mischief to the crops; ADJ. mischievous: causing mischief; playfully troublesome
entity
real being
entomology
study of insects
entrance
put under a spell(condition caused by magical power); carry away(fill with strong feeling) with emotion; put into a trance; fill with delight
trance
hypnotic state; ecstatic state; detachment from one'physical surrounding (as in contemplation or daydreaming); CF. transition
hypnosis
induced sleeping state; ADJ. hypnotic; V. hypnotize
entreat
plead; ask earnestly
entree
entrance; a way in; right to enter; main dish of a meal; Ex. entree into the exclusive circle
entrepreneur
businessperson (who assumes the risk of a business venture); contractor; ADJ. entrepreneurial
enumerate
list; mention one by one
enunciate
announce; proclaim; utter or speak, especially distinctly; pronounce clearly; articulate; Ex. This theory was first enunciated by him.
environ
enclose; surround; N. environs: surrounding area (as of a city)
eon(aeon)
long period of time; an age; longest division of geologic time containing two or more eras
epaulet(epaulette)
ornament worn on the shoulder (of a uniform, etc.)
fringe
decorative edge of hanging threads; edge
ephemeral
short-lived; fleeting
fleet
fast; rapid; N. ADJ. fleeting: passing quickly; ephemeral
epic
long heroic poem, novel, or similar work of art (celebrating the feats of a hero); ADJ: (of stories or events) resembling an epic; grand
epicure
connoisseur of food and drink; gourmet; ADJ. epicurean; CF. Epicurus
Epicurean
believing that pleasure is good and suffering is bad and should be avoided; N.
epigram
witty thought or saying, usually short
epilogue
short speech at conclusion of dramatic work
episodic
(of a story or play) loosely connected; made up of separate and loosely connected parts; N. episode: incident in the course of an experience
epistemologist
philosopher who studies the nature of knowledge; N. epistemology
epitaph
inscription in memory of a dead person (as on a tombstone)
epithet
word or phrase characteristically used to describe a person or thing; descriptive phrase to characterize a person (often contemptous)
epitome
perfect example or embodiment; brief summary; Ex. epitome of good manners; V. epitomize: make an epitome of; be an epitome of; embody
epoch
period of time
equable
tranquil; of even calm temper; (of temperature) steady; uniform
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
equestrian
rider on horseback; ADJ.
equilibrium
balance of opposing forces; balance of the mind; equanimity
equine
resembling a horse; Ex. equine face
equinox
period of equal days and nights; the beginning of spring and autumn; Ex. vernal/autumnal equinox; ADJ. equinoctial
equipoise
balance; balancing force; equilibrium
equitable
fair; impartial; OP. inequitable
equity
fairness; justice; OP. inequity
equivocal
(of words or statements) ambiguous; intentionally misleading; (of behavior) questionable; OP. unequivocal
equivocate
use equivocal language to deceive people; lie; mislead; attempt to conceal the truth; N. equivocation
erode
eat away; wear away gradually by abrasion; Ex. The sea erodes the rocks.
erotic
pertaining to passionate love or sexual love
errant
wandering (esp. in search of adventure); straying from proper moral standards; Ex. knight-errant
erratic
odd; irregular in movement or behavior; unpredictable
erroneous
mistaken; wrong; incorrect
erudite
(of a person or book) learned; full of learning; scholarly; N. erudition
scholarly
full of learning; erudite; like a scholar; Ex. scholarly journal
escapade
prank; flighty conduct; reckless adventure that disobeys rules
prank
mischievous trick
flighty
(esp. of a woman'behavior) capricious; often changing, esp. from one lover to another; impulsive
eschew
avoid habitually; Ex. eschew alcoholic drinks
esoteric
hard to understand; known only to the chosen few, esp. initiates; N. esoterica
espionage
spying
espouse
adopt; support (an idea or aim); marry; N. espousal
esteem
respect; value; judge; N.
estimable
(of a person) worthy of esteem; admirable; deserving esteem; possible to estimate
inestimable
impossible to estimate; (apprec) invaluable; of immeasurable worth
estranged
separated; alienated; V. estrange: alienate (people in a family); N. estrangement
ethereal
like a spirit or fairy; unearthly light; heavenly; unusually refined; Ex. She has an ethereal beauty; CF. ether: upper air
airy
of air; high in the air; lofty; immaterial; unreal
ethnic
relating to races
ethnology
study of humankind; study of the different races of human beings; CF. anthropology
ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.; character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture; Ex. the company ethos
etymology
study of word parts; study of the origins of words
eugenic
pertaining to the improvement of race; N. eugenics: study of hereditary improvement of the human race
eulogistic
praising; full of eulogy
eulogy
expression of praise, often on the occasion of someone'death; V. eulogize
euphemism
mild expression in place of an unpleasant one; ADJ. euphemistic
euphony
sweet sound; ADJ. euphonious
euphoria
feeling of exaggerated or unfounded(ungrounded; baseless) well-being; feeling of great happiness or well-being (when unreasonable); ADJ. euphoriaric
euthanasia
mercy killing
evanescent
fleeting; vanishing; soon disappearing; V. evanesce
evasive
not frank; trying to hide the truth; eluding; evading; V. evade: avoid (a duty or responsibility) or escape from by deceit
evince
show clearly
evenhanded
impartial; fair
evocative
tending to call up (emotions, memories)
evoke
call forth (memory or feeling); Ex. That old film evoked memories of my childhood; N. evocation
ewe
female sheep
ram
male sheep; V. strike or drive against with a heavy impact
exacerbate
worsen; aggravate; embitter
embitter
make bitter; fill with painful or bitter feelings; make sad and angry; Ex. He was embittered by many disappointments.
exacting
extremely demanding; Ex. exacting standard of safety
exact
demand and obtain by force; Ex. exact a promise from him; N. exaction
exalt
raise in rank or dignity; praise highly; inspire; Ex. exalt the imagination; ADJ. exalted; N. exaltation
exasperate
vex; annoy or make angry (by testing the patience)
exceptionable
objectionable; likely to cause dislike; offensive; CF. unexceptionable: entirely acceptable
except
exclude; N. exception: objection; exclusion; ADJ. exceptional: unusual; of unusually high quality
excerpt
selected passage (written or musical) taken from a longer work; V.
exchequer
treasury; Ex. Chancellor of the exchequer
chancellor
legal official of high rank; CF. chancellery(chancellory): position of a chancellor
treasure
keep as precious; cherish
excise
cut away; cut out; N: government tax on good produced and used inside a country; N. excision
exclaim
cry out suddenly; N. exclamation; ADJ. exclamatory
excoriate
scold with biting harshness; censure strongly; strip the skin off
exculpate
clear from blame or guilt
execrable
very bad; detestable
execrate
curse; express abhorrence for; detest
execute
put into effect; carry out; kill as a lawful punishment; N. execution
executor
person designated to execute the terms of a will; ¿¹¼ú ÀÛÇ°ÀÇ Á¦ÀÛÀÚ
executioner
person administering capital punishment
executive
person having administrative authority; one branch of government executing laws; ADJ: relating to executing
legislature
legislating branch of government; CF. legislate: make laws
judiciary
judicial branch of government
exegesis
explanation, especially of biblical(of the bible) passages
exemplary
serving as a model; outstanding; Ex. exemplary punishment/behavior; N. exemplar: typical example; model
exemplify
show by example; furnish an example; serve as an example of; Ex. His pictures exemplify that sort of painting.
exempt
not subject to a duty or obligation; free from a duty; V.
exertion
effort; expenditure of much physical work; V. exert oneself: make a great effort
exhale
breathe out; OP. inhale
exhilarating
invigorating and refreshing; cheering; V. exhilarate: make cheerful and excited; Ex. exhilarated by the ride in the sports car
exhort
urge (by strong argument or advice); Ex. The general exhorted his men to fight bravely; N. exhortation
urge
drive or force forward (by causing impulses); drive to take action; impel; entreat earnestly; Ex. urge horses; N: impulse that prompts action
urgent
compelling immediate action; pressing; persistent; importunate; Ex. urgent in his demands
exhume
dig out of the ground; remove from a grave
coroner
public official who investigates any death thought to be of other than natural causes
exigency
urgent situation; ADJ. exigent
exiguous
small in amount; minute
existential
pertaining to existence; pertaining to the philosophy of existentialism
exodus
departure (of a large number of people)
exonerate
acquit; exculpate; free from blame or guilt
exorbitant
(of costs or demands) excessive; exceeding reasonable bounds
exorcise
drive out evil spirits
exotic
not native; from another part of the world; strange; intriguingly unusual; Ex. exotic flower/dress
intrigue
make secret plans; plot; arouse the curiosity of; N: secret scheme; plot; secret love affair
expansive
(of a person) outgoing and sociable; broad and extensive; able to increase in size
outgoing
sociable; eager to mix socially with others
expatiate
talk at length; speak or write in detail
expatriate
exile; someone who has withdrawn from his native land; V: exile; banish; leave one'country
expedient
suitable (for a particular purpose although not necessarily morally correct); practical; politic(prudent); N: something expedient
expedite
hasten; make go faster
expeditious
done with speed; quick; N. expedition
expenditure
payment or expense; expending; something expended; output; Ex. receipt for the expenditure; Ex. expenditure of all the energy
expertise
specialized knowledge (in a particular field); expert skill
expiate
make amends for (a sin)
expletive
meaningless word; interjection; profane oath; swear-word
interjection
exclamation; Ex. ``Ouch''
swear
vow; promise; use profane oaths; use offensive words
swear-word
word considered offensive; Ex. ``bloody''
oath
solemn promise; blasphemous use of sacred words to express strong feelings; swear-word; Ex. ``For Christ'sake''
explicate
explain in detail; interpret; clarify; CF. explicable
explicit
totally clear; definite; outspoken
exploit
brave and successful act; deed or action, particularly a brave deed; CF. crossing the Atlantic ocean
exploit
make use of, sometimes unjustly; N. exploitation
expository
explanatory; serving to explain; N. exposition: explaining; exhibition
expostulation
protest; remonstrance; reasoning with someone to correct or dissuade; V. expostulate
exposure
risk, particularly of being exposed to disease or to the elements; unmasking; act of laying something open; Ex. exposure of governmental corruption
expound
explain
expropriate
take possession of (often for public use and without payment)
expunge
cancel; remove a word or name (from a book or list); erase
expurgate
clean; remove offensive parts of a book
extant
(of something written or painted) still in existence
extemporaneous
not planned; impromptu; extempore
extenuate
weaken; mitigate; lessen the seriousness of (bad behavior)
extirpate
root up; uproot; destroy completely
extol
praise very highly; glorify
extort
wring from; get money by threats, etc.; obtain by force or threats; CF. extortionate: exorbitant
wring
twist (to extract liquid); extract by twisting; wrench painfully (necks or hands)
extradition
surrender of prisoner by one state to another; Ex. extradition treaty; V. extradite
extraneous
not essential; irrelevant; superfluous; external; coming from the outside; Ex. extraneous details/noise/to the subject
extrapolation
projection; conjecture; V. extrapolate: infer (unknown information) from known information
extricate
free from an entanglement or difficulty; disentangle
inextricable
from which it is impossible to get free; that cannot be untied; Ex. inextricable troubles; Ex. inextricable two histories
extrinsic
external; not essential or inherent; extraneous; OP. intrinsic
extrovert
person interested mostly in external objects and actions
mingle
mix together in close association
extrude
force or push out; thrust out; shape (plastic or metal) by forcing through a die
exuberance
overflowing abundance; joyful enthusiasm; flamboyance; lavishness; ADJ. exuberant: high-spirited and lively; growing abundantly and strongly
glow
shine brightly without a flame (as of eyes or metals); show redness and heat (in the face) after hard work or because of strong feelings; N: light produced by a heated body; brilliance of a color
exude
flow out slowly; discharge (gradually); give forth; N. exudation
ooze
(of a thick liquid) pass or flow slowly; N: mud or thick liquid as at the bottom of a river
exult
rejoice
fabricate
build; lie; make up (a story) in order to deceive; Ex. fabricate the whole story; CF. fabric: underlying structure; Ex. fabric of society
facade (faccade)
front or face (of building); superficial or false appearance
facet
small plane surface (of a gem(precious stone)); a side
facetious
joking (often inappropriately); unserious; humorous
facile
easily accomplished; ready or fluent; superficial; not deep; Ex. facile solution to a complex problem; Ex. facile speaker; N. facility: ability to do something easily and well; ease in doing resulting from skill or aptitude; something that facilitates an action; amenity; Ex. with great facility
facilitate
help bring about; make less difficult
facsimile
copy
faction
party; clique (within a large group); dissension
dissension
disagreement of opinions causing strife within a group
factious
inclined to form factions; causing dissension
factitious
artificial; produced artificially; sham; false; Ex. factitious tears
factotum
handyman; person who does all kinds of work; CF. do everything
faculty
mental or bodily powers; teaching staff
fallacious
false; based on a fallacy; misleading; N. fallacy: false idea or notion; false reasoning; Ex. popular fallacy; Ex. fallacy of the argument
fallible
liable to err
falsify
make (something written) false by changing
fallow
(of land) plowed but not sowed (to improve the quality); uncultivated
sow
plant or scatter seed
falter
hesitate; weaken in purpose or action; walk or move unsteadily through weakness; N.
stumble
trip and almost fall; proceed unsteadily; act falteringly; N.
fanaticism
excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause; N. fanatic; ADJ. fanatic
fancied
imagined; unreal
fancier
breeder or dealer of animals; one who has a special interest, as for raising specific plant or animal
fanciful
whimsical; visionary; imaginary; produced by imagination; Ex. fanciful scheme
fancy
imagination (of a whimsical or fantastic nature); capricious liking; V: imagine; be fond of; ADJ. decorative; elaborate
fanfare
call by bugles or trumpets; showy display; spectacular public display
farce
broad comedy; mockery; humorous play full of silly things happening; ADJ. farcical
fastidious
difficult to please; squeamish; fussy; finicky
squeamish
easily shocked or sickened by unpleasant things; fastidious; Ex. A nurse should not be squeamish.
fatalism
belief that events are determined by forces or fates beyond one'control; ADJ. fatalistic; CF. fatal: causing death
fathom
comprehend; investigate; determine the depth of; N. unit of measurement for the depth of water
fathomless
too deep to be measured or understood; unfathomable
fatuous
smugly and unconsciously foolish; inane; silly; N. fatuity, fatuousness
fauna
animals of a period or region; CF. flora
fawning
courting favor by cringing and flattering; V. fawn: exhibit affection as a dog; seek favor or attention by obsequiousness
court
attempt to gain; seek; woo; risk; behave so as to invite; attempt to gain the favor of by attention; Ex. court disaster
faze
disconcert; dismay; embarrass
feasible
practical; able to be carried out; practicable
febrile
feverish
fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness; ADJ. fecund: very productive of crops or young
fertile
producing many young, fruits, or seeds; (of land) producing good crops; V. fertilize
fruitful
producing results; profitable; prolific; producing in abundance
feign
pretend
feint
trick; shift; sham blow; feigned attack to draw away defensive action; V.
shift
change position or place; exchange (one thing) for another; change in direction or position; Ex. shift the stolen goods; N. group of workers which takes turns with other groups; working period of such a group
felicitous
(of a word or remark) apt; suitably expressed; well chosen
felicity
happiness; appropriateness (of a remark, choice, etc.); quality of being felicitous
feline
of a member of the cat family; N.
fell
cruel; (of a disease) deadly
fell
cut or knock down (a tree or a person); bring down (with a missile)
felon
person convicted of a grave crime; CF. felony: serious crime
feral
(of an animal) not domestic; wild
ferment
agitation; commotion(noisy and excited activity); unrest (of a political kind); V. produce by fermentation; undergo fermentation; cause (a state of trouble)
fermentation
chemical reaction that splits complex organic compounds; unrest; agitation
ferret
drive or hunt out of hiding; hunt with ferrets; drive out (as from a hiding place); expel; uncover or discover by searching; Ex. ferret out the secret; N. small fierce animal which catches rats and rabbits by going into their holes
fervent
ardent; zealous; hot
fervid
ardent; zealous; hot
impassioned
(of speech) filled with passion; fervent
fervor
glowing ardor; intensity of feeling; quality of being fervent or fervid; zeal; intense heat
fester
rankle; produce irritation or resentment; (of a cut or wound) generate pus or rot; Ex. His insult festered in my mind for days.
festive
joyous; celebratory; relating to a feast or festival
fete
honor at a festival; celebrate or honor with a feast; N. (outdoor) festival or feast; CF. feast
fetid (foetid)
malodorous; foul
foul
very bad or disagreeable; very dirty; Ex. foul smell/flavor/temper/language/air/deed/weather/means; N. act against the rules; V. make or become foul; commit a foul
fetish (fetich)
object believed to have spiritual powers; object of excessive attention or reverence; CF. fetishism
fetter
shackle; restrict the freedom of; N. chain or shackle for the foot of a prisoner; CF. foot
fiasco
total failure; CF. bottle
fiat
command; arbitrary order; Ex. presidential fiat; CF. let it be done
fickle
changeable (in affections or friendship); faithless
fictitious
imaginary; non-existent; purposely invented to deceive; untrue; Ex. fictitious name/boyfriend; CF. fictional
fidelity
loyalty; accuracy
figment
invention; something invented; imaginary thing; Ex. figment of your imagination
figurative
not literal but metaphorical; using a figure(impression) of speech
figure
written symbols; number; amount represented in numbers; outline or silhouette of a thing or human body; person (well-known); impression; diagram; pattern; group in a dance; Ex. figure of speech; V. calculate with numbers; adorn with figures; appear; consider; Ex. My name did not figure in the list.
figurine
small ornamental statuette(very small statue)
filch
steal (things of small value)
pilfer
steal things of small value; filch; snitch
filial
pertaining to or befitting a son or daughter; Ex. filial respect
filibuster
block legislation or prevent action in a lawmaking body by making very slow long speeches; N; freebooter
freebooter
pirate or plunderer who makes war in order to grow rich
bust
piece of sculpture showing a person'head, shoulders, and upper chest; V: break up; arrest; Ex. crimebuster
filigree
delicate ornamental lacelike metalwork
lace
cord used to draw and tie together two opposite edges (as of a shoe); delicate fabric made of fine threads; V: draw together by tying a lace
filing
particle removed by a file
finale
conclusion; concluding part
finesse
delicate skill; V: handle with finesse
finicky
too particular; fussy; difficult to please; too concerned with unimportant details or quality; Ex. finicky about her food
fussy
fastidious; finicky; easily upset
fuss:
trouble or worry over trifles; make nervous; pay too much attention to; N: needless concern or worry (about a trivial thing); anxious nervous condition; display of attention; Ex. make a fuss over the baby
finite
limited
firebrand
piece of burning wood; hothead; troublemaker; person who stirs up trouble
hothead
person who does things too quickly without thinking; ADJ. hotheaded
fissure
crevice; crack
fitful
spasmodic; intermittent; irregular
fit
sudden outburst of an illness or feeling; convulsion caused by epilepsy
flaccid
flabby; lacking firmness; weak; Ex. flaccid muscles
limp
walk lamely; ADJ: lacking firmness; weak
flag
droop; grow feeble; decline in vigor or strength; ADJ. flagging; CF. unflagging
droop
bend or hang downward; become weakened; Ex. His shoulders drooped with tiredness; N.
flagrant
conspicuously wicked, bad, or offensive; blatant; outrageous
outrage
act of extreme violence or viciousness; resentful anger; V: commit an outrage on; produce anger in; ADJ. outrageous: offensive
flail
beat with or as if with a flail; move wildly; thresh grain by hand; strike or slap; toss about; N: threshing tool consisting of a stick swinging from the end of a long handle
thresh
beat (cereal plants) with a machine or flail to separate the grains from the straw
toss
throw lightly; move or lift (the head) with a sudden motion; flip (a coin) to decide something
flair
talent
flamboyant
ornate; highly elaborate; richly colored; ostentatious; showy; CF. flame
flaunt
display ostentatiously; Ex. ``Honey, if you've got it, flaunt it !''
flay
strip off skin; plunder; remove the skin from; criticize harshly
fleck
spot; mark with flecks; N: small mark or spot
fledgling (fledgeling)
inexperienced; N: young bird that has acquired wing feathers and is learning to fly; inexperienced person
fleece
wool coat of a sheep; V: shear the fleece from; rob by a trick; swindle; plunder
shear
remove (fleece or hair) by cutting; remove the hair or fleece from; cut with or as if with shears; N: shears; pair of scissors
trickster
person who cheats people
flick
light stroke as with a whip; V: move with a light quick blow; strike with a light quick blow (as from a whip); Ex. flick the switch
flicker
burn unsteadily or fitfully; move waveringly; N: flickering movement or light; brief sensation; Ex. flicker of excitement
flutter
(of a bird with large wings) wave (the wings) lightly, rapidly, and irregularly; vibrate rapidly or erratically; fly by waving quickly; flitter; N.
flinch
hesitate; shrink back (in fear of something unpleasant); Ex. She did not flinch in the face of danger.
flippant
lacking proper seriousness; Ex. flippant remarks about death; N. flippancy
flip
send (something) spinning, often into the air, by striking with a light quick blow; turn over; Ex. flip over
flit
fly; fly or move lightly or quickly; dart lightly; pass swiftly by; Ex. a bee flitting from flower to flower
floe
flat mass of floating ice
flora
plants of a region or era
florescence
condition or period of flowering
florid
ruddy; (of a complexion) reddish; flowery; very ornate; CF. rose
flush
redden; blush; flow suddenly and abundantly; wash out by a rapid brief flow of water; N: reddish tinge; blush; brief rush; rush of strong feeling; Ex. flush of pride; ADJ: having surfaces in the same plane; even; blushing
blush
become red in the face (from embarrassment or shame); become red or rosy; N.
tinge
give a slight degree of a color or quality to; N: slight degree of a color or quality; Ex. tinged with grey/jealousy
tint
slight degree of color; V: give a tint to
flowery
full of flowers; full of ornate expressions
flotsam
drifting wreckage
jetsam
things thrown from a ship (to lighten the ship)
flounder
struggle and thrash about; proceed clumsily or falter (as in water, mud, snow, etc.); proceed in confusion
thrash
beat with a whip or flail; defeat utterly; talk about thoroughly in order to find the answer; move wildly or violently; Ex. The fishes thrashed about in the net.
flourish
grow well; prosper; make sweeping gestures; wave; brandish; Ex. The trees flourished in the sun. N: showy movement or gesture; embellishment or ornamentation (esp. in handwriting)
flout
reject; mock; show contempt for; scorn; Ex. flout the rules
curb
chain or strap used with a bit to restrain a horse; something that checks; V: check; restrain
fluctuate
waver; shift; rise and fall as if in waves; change or vary irregularly
fluency
smoothness of speech; ADJ. fluent
fluke
unlikely occurrence; stroke of fortune; accidental stroke of good luck; ADJ. fluky
fluster
confuse; make nervous and confused; N.
fluted
having vertical parallel grooves (as in a pillar); V. flute: make long parallel inward curves in; N. flute: long rounded groove incised on the shaft of a column
groove
long narrow channel made in a surface to guide the movement of something; Ex. groove of the record
stammer
speak with involuntarily pauses or repetitions
flux
flowing; series of changes; fluctuation; Ex. in a state of flux
fodder
coarse food for cattle, horses, etc.; feed for livestock; CF. food
foible
small weakness of character; slight fault; CF. feeble
foil
contrast; one that by contrast enhances the distinctive characteristics of another
foil
defeat; frustrate; prevent from being successful; thwart; CF. fail
foist
insert improperly; impose upon another by coercion; palm off; pass off as genuine or worthy; CF. fist
palm
conceal in the palm of the hand; palm off: pass off; Ex. palm off some bad oranges onto the lady/the painting as a real Renoir
pass_off
present falsely; represent falsely to be
foliage
masses of leaves; CF. defoliate
foment
stir up; incite; instigate; promote the growth of (something evil or unpleasant)
foolhardy
rash; reckless; foolishly daring
foppish
vain about dress and appearance; N. fop: man who takes too much interest in his clothes and appearance
foray
raid; sudden raid or military advance; V.
forbearance
patience; forgiveness; V. forbear: refrain from (in a generous and forgiving way); be patient; Ex. forbear to send him to prison
ford
place where a river can be crossed on foot; V.
forebears
ancestors
foreboding
premonition of evil; feeling of coming evil; V. forebode: be a warning of (something unpleasant)
forensic
suitable to debate or courts of law; of or used in legal proceedings and the tracking of criminals; Ex. forensic science/medicine
forum
public square of an ancient Roman city; public place for open discussion; court of law
foreshadow
give an indication beforehand; be a sign of (what is coming); portend; prefigure
prefigure
be a sign of; foreshadow
forerunner
predecessor; one that comes before and indicates the approach of another
foresight
ability to foresee future happenings; prudence in providing for the future
forestall
prevent by taking action in advance
nuptial
of marriage or the wedding ceremony; N; nuptials; wedding ceremony
forfeit
something surrendered as punishment for a crime or breach of contract; V: lose as a forfeit; N. forfeiture
forge
counterfeit; reproduce fraudulently; form by heating in a forge and hammering into shape; move with a sudden increase of speed or power; Ex. forged ahead in the last two years; N: furnace where metals are heated
forgo(forego)
give up; do without
forlorn
sad and lonely; wretched; desolate
formality
ceremonious quality; ceremonious adherence to rules; something done just for form'sake; Ex. mere formality
formidable
menacing; arousing fear; threatening; difficult to defeat; Ex. formidable foe/question
menace
threat; V: threaten
forsake
desert; abandon; renounce
forswear
renounce under oath; abandon; make a solemn promise to give up; CF. abjure
forte
strong point or special talent in a person'character
forthright
straightforward; direct; frank
forthcoming
happening in the near future; ready; willing to help; Ex. No answer was forthcoming.
fortitude
bravery; courage; strength of mind
fortuitous
accidental; by chance; N. fortuity
foster
rear; bring up (for a certain period only); encourage; promote the development of (feelings or ideas); Ex. help foster friendly relations; ADJ: giving parental care although not related by blood; Ex. foster parents
founder
fail completely; sink; CF. flounder
founder
person who establishes (an organization or business)
fracas
brawl(noisy quarrel or fight) in which a number of people take part; melee
fractious
unruly; peevish; cranky; bad-tempered; Ex. fractious horse
frail
weak; N. frailty
franchise
right or privilege granted by authority; right to vote; license to sell a product in a particular territory
frantic
wild; distraught as from fear or worry; Ex. frantic with fear
fraudulent
cheating; deceitful; Ex. fraudulent means; N. fraud: deception; swindle
fraught
filled (with something unpleasant); full; Ex. fraught with danger and difficulties; CF. freight
fray
brawl; fight; V: wear away or unravel by rubbing; have loose threads developing; cause to become worn out (a person'temper or nerves); CF. rub
frenetic(phrenetic)
frenzied; frantic
frenzied
madly excited; N. frenzy: violent wild excitement
fresco
painting on wet plaster (usually fresh)
paste
smooth viscous mixture as of flour(powder made by crushing grain) and water (used as an adhesive); V: cause to adhere by applying paste
pastry
paste of flour and water (eaten when baked)
plaster
paste that hardens to a smooth solid and is used for coating walls; V.
fret
be annoyed or vexed; Ex. fret over your poor grades; N: irritation of mind; ADJ. fretful
friction
clash or conflict in opinion; rubbing against
frieze
ornamental horizontal band on a wall
frigid
intensely cold; cold in manner; Ex. frigid zone
fritter
waste (time or money on unimportant things)
frivolous
lacking in seriousness; flippant; self-indulgently carefree; unworthy of serious attention; relatively unimportant; trivial
self-indulgence
excessive indulgence of one'own desire
carefree
free from worries; having no problems
frolicsome
prankish; gay; playful; merry; frisky
frolic
play and jump about happily; frisk; Ex. frolicking young lambs
frond
fern leaf; palm or banana leaf
litter
waste material thrown away (as bits of paper scattered untidily); V: cover untidily with scattered litter
fructify
bear fruit; produce fruit
frugality
thrift; economy; ADJ. frugal: practicing economy; costing little; inexpensive
fruition
bearing of fruit; fulfillment; realization; Ex. come to/be brought to fruition
frustrate
thwart; defeat; prevent from accomplishing a purpose
fugitive
fleeting or transitory; lasting only a short time; roving(wandering); running away or fleeing as from the law; N: one who flees; Ex. fugitives at large
fulcrum
support on which a lever rests or pivots
fulminate
thunder; explode; issue a severe denunciation
fulsome
disgustingly excessive; offensively flattering; Ex. fulsome praise/expressions of admire
fumble
move the fingers and hands awkwardly (in search of something); mishandle or drop a ball that is in play; bungle; botch; spoil by mishandling; N.
functionary
official (who performs a particular function)
functional
made for practical use only (without decoration); functioning; Ex. functional modern furniture; CF. functionalism
fundamental
basic; primary; essential
funereal
sad; solemn; suitable for a funeral
furor
frenzy; great anger and excitement; CF. fury
furtive
stealthy; quiet and secret (trying to escape notice); sneaky; Ex. furtive glance
sneak
move, give, or take in a quiet, stealthy way; N: one who sneaks; ADJ. sneaky
underhand(underhanded)
done slyly and secretly (being dishonest)
sly
clever in deceiving; secretive; not telling one'intentions
fusillade
simultaneous firing or outburst (of missiles, questions, etc.)
fusion
union; coalition; V. fuse
futile
useless; hopeless; ineffectual
gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
gaffe
social blunder
gainsay
deny
gait
manner of walking or running; speed
galaxy
large isolated system of stars, such as the Milky Way; collection of brilliant personalities
gale
windstorm; gust of wind; emotional outburst (laughters, tears); Ex. gale of laughter
gall
bitterness of feeling; nerve; effrontery; ´ãÁó(bile); CF. gall bladder
gall
annoy; exasperate; chafe; N: skin sore caused by rubbing (as on the skin of a horse); exasperation
galleon
large three-masted sailing ship
galley
low ship with sails (rowed along by slaves)
clipper
sailing vessel built for great speed
pinnace
small boat
clip
cut off with shears; fasten; N: something clipped off (as a short extract from film); clasp or fastener
galvanize
stimulate or shock by an electric current; stimulate by shock; shock into action; stir up; coat with rust-resistant zinc by using electricity
galvanic
of the production of electricity by the action of an acid on a metal; having the effect of an electric shock; Ex. galvanic cell; galvanic effect; CF. Luigi Galvani
gambit
opening in chess in which a piece is sacrificed; action made to produce a future advantage
ploy
strategem to gain an advantage; tactic; Ex. management ploy
gambol
romp; skip about; leap about playfully; frolic; N.
romp
play or frolic boisterously; gambol; N.
zest
outer skin of an orange used for giving a special taste to food; spice; interest; flavor; spirited enjoyment; Ex. add a certain zest to the affair; Ex. zest for life
gamely
in a spirited manner; with courage; Ex. fight gamely against a superior boxer; ADJ. game
gamut
entire range
gape
open widely; open the mouth wide; stare wonderingly with the mouth open; CF. agape
garbled
mixed up; jumbled; distorted; V. garble: mix up or distort (a message) to such an extent as to make misleading or unintelligible
jumble
mix in a confused way
gargantuan
huge; enormous; gigantic; CF. the hero of Gargantua and Pantagruel
gargoyle
waterspout carved in grotesque figures on a building
garish
overbright in color; unpleasantly bright; gaudy
trim
make neat or tidy by clipping; reduce by removing what is unnecessary; ornament; decorate (round the edges); Ex. trim the cost; Ex. jacket trimmed with fur; N. ADJ: tidy; in good order
garner
gather; store up; amass
garnish
decorate; add a garnish to; decorate (food or drink) with small items such as lemon slices; N.
garrulous
loquacious; wordy; talkative; N. garrulity
gastronomy
art and science of preparing and serving good food; CF. gastronome
gauche
clumsy (in social behavior); coarse and uncouth
gaudy
flashy; showy
flashy
showy; gaudy; giving a momentary brilliance
gild
cover with a thin layer of gold
gaunt
lean and angular; thin and bony; emaciated; barren
gavel
hammerlike tool; mallet(wooden hammer) used by a presiding officer or an auctioneer; V.
bid
command; utter (a greeting); offer as a price; N: offer of a price; amount offered; earnest effort to gain something; Ex. bid for freedom
gawk
stare foolishly; look in open-mouthed awe
gazette
official periodical publication; newspaper
genealogy
record of descent; lineage; ancestry; study of ancestry
generality
vague statement; general statement which is not detailed; quality of being general; greater part; most; Ex. generality of people
generate
cause; produce; create
generic
characteristic of an entire class or species; of a genus
genus
division of animals or plants, below a family and above a species
genesis
beginning; origin
geniality
cheerfulness; kindliness; sympathy; ADJ. genial: cheerful and good-tempered
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