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Unit 1, Chapter 8: Life at the Turn of the 20th Century
Honors American History Unit 1, Chapter 8 notecards
Terms in this set (23)
Architect who designed the ten-story Wainwright Building in St. Louis. (1890)
Frederick Law Olmstead
Landscape architect who spearheaded the movement for planned urban parks.
Orville and Wilbur Wright
Created airplanes on December 17, 1903
Developed more convenient alternatives for photography. Created Kodak Camera.
Americanization of immigrants
Children at american schools learned american history and English to help integrate into society.
Booker T. Washington
Believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills & proved their value to society.
W. E. B. DuBois
First black to receive doctorate from Harvard in 1895
DuBois founded it. Insisted blacks seek a liberal arts education so that blacks would have well-educated leaders.
Ida B. Wells
Moved to Memphis in early 1880s to work as teacher. Later became editor of news paper. Reported racial justice frequently.
Annual tax that had to be paid to vote. Used so that blacks could not vote.
Limits the voting to people who could read.
Stated that if your father could vote, so could you. Used to prevent white voters who are poor/illiterate from not voting.
Jim Crow laws
Racial segregation laws. Put into effect in schools, hospitals, parks, and transports systems in the South.
Plessy V. Ferguson decision of 1896
Supreme Court ruled that segregation was legal
Separate but equal
Doctrine that allowed states to maintain segregated facilities for blacks and whites as long as they provide equal service.
1903 World Series
First world series. Boston Pilgrims beat the Pittsburgh Pirates.
Baseball leagues for black people since they were excluded from white leagues.
Hungarian immigrant who bought the New York World. Created large Sunday edition, comics, sport coverage, and women's news.
William Randolph Hearst
owned NY Morning Journal & San Francisco Examiner. Filled the Journal with exaggerated tales of cruelty, hypnotism, and personal scandals.
Samuel Clemens (Mark Twain)
Author of many famous books such as the Adventures of Huckleberry Finn.
Bought department store concept to America. Opened store in 1865 with several floors of specialized departments.
Paper booklets with ordering instructions. By 1910, 10 mill. americans shopped by mail.
The Great Train Robbery
First modern film. 8 min. long silent feature debuted in 5 cents theaters called nickelodeons.
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