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Chapters 1-4 & 12
Health Care Delivery, Education and Promotion Nursing Practice and Process Care of the Aging Adult
Terms in this set (47)
Advanced Practice Nurse
A title in which encompasses the nurse practitioners, clinical nurse specialists, certified nurse midwives, and certified registered nurse anesthetists.
Collaborative Practice Model
Involves nurse, physicians, and ancillary health personnel functioning within a decentralized organizational structure and collaboratively making clinical decisions.
Community-Oriented Nursing Practice
Nursing intervention that promotes wellness, reduces the spread of illness, and improves the health status of groups of citizens or the community at large with the emphasis on the primary, secondary, and tertiary prevention.
Continuous Quality Improvement
The ongoing examination of processes used to provide care, with the aim of improving quality by assessing and improving those processes that might improve patient care outcomes and patient satisfaction.
Description of a person's health status as a range with anchors that include poor health or imminent death on one end of the continuum to high-level wellness on the other end.
The state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.
The capacity to perform to the best of one's ability, the ability to adjust and adapt, and a feeling that everything is together and harmonious.
Nursing care of individuals and families that is designed to promote and maintain health and prevent disease. Provided outside the the hospital setting.
Health care delivery focused on health promotion and prevention of illness or disease.
Health care delivery centered on health maintenance and aimed at early detection of disease, with prompt intervention to prevent or minimize loss of function and independence.
Health care delivery focused on minimizing deterioration associated with disease and improving quality of life through rehabilitation measures.
This assessment includes evaluating the patient, home environment, patient's self-care abilities, and the need for additional resources.
Able to walk about.
A personal health care consultation, treatment, or intervention using advanced medical technology or procedures delivered on an outpatient basis. (registration and discharge occurs in a single day)
Determination of the patient's responses to the nursing interventions and the extent to which the outcomes have been achieved.
Actualization or carrying out of the plan of care through nursing interventions.
Situation in which a clear conflict exists between two or more moral principles or competing moral claims.
Conflict that arises within oneself when a person is aware of the correct course of action but institutional constraints stand in the way of pursuing the correct action.
Competing moral claim or principle: one claim or principle in clearly dominant.
Conflict that arises within a person when he or she cannot accurately define what the moral situation is or what moral principles apply but has a strong feeling that something is not right.
The adherence to informal personal values.
Actual or potential health problems that can be managed by independent nursing interventions.
A deliberate problem solving approach for meeting people's health care and nursing needs; common components are: assessment, diagnosis, planning, implementation, and evaluation.
Development of goals and outcomes as well as a plan of care designed to assist the patient in resolving the diagnosed problems and achieving the identified goals and desired outcomes.
Teleologic Theory or Consequentialism
The theoretical basis of ethics, which focuses on the ends or consequences of actions, such as utilitarianism.
A teleologic theory of ethics based on the concept of "the greatest good for the greatest number".
The formal, systematic study of moral beliefs.
The systematic collection of data to determine the patient's health status and any actual or potential health problems.
Specific pathophysiologic manifestations that nurses monitor to detect onset or changes in status.
A process of insightful thinking that utilizes multiple dimensions of one's cognition to develop conclusions, solutions, and alternatives that are appropriate for the given situation.
Deontologic or Formalist Theory
An ethical theory maintaining that ethical standards or principles exist independently of the ends or consequences.
Self rule or law. The ability to make a choice free from external constraints.
The duty to do good and the active promotion of kindness
This is a principle that may morally justify some action that produce both good and evil effects. The action must be good, the agent intends the good, the good is not achieved by means of the evil effect, and there is a proportionate balance of good over evil.
Distribution of social benefits and burdens based on equality, individual need and effort, societal contribution, individual merit, and legal entitlement.
Concerned with the distribution of punishment.
The duty not to inflict harm, and also to prevent and remove harm.
The intentional limitation of another's autonomy, justified by an appeal to beneficence or the welfare or needs of another.
Respect for Persons
Enabling one to make choices.
Sanctity of Life
Life is the highest good, all forms of life, including the mere biologic existence should take precedence over external criteria for judging quality of life.
The obligation to tell the truth, and not to lie or deceive others.
Repeating to the patient what the nurse believes in the main thought or idea expressed.
Directing back to the patient his or her feelings, ideas, questions, or content.
A routine that promotes health and healing.
Having more than one illness at the same time.
A bias that discriminates, stigmatizes, and disadvantages older people based solely on their chronologic age.
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