56 terms

AP World History Chapters 1-3

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Current archaeological theory supports Louis and Mary Leakey's discovery that the cradle of humanity is
a. Australia
b. Europe
c. Asia
d. Africa
e. America
d. Africa
The Neolithic era is associated with which of the following?
a. making tools out of materials including metals
b. making large rock formations like Stonehenge for religious purposes
c. an architectural hallmark when people lived in buildings instead of caves
d. the rise of agriculture
e. the start of a bilateral trade system
d. the rise of agriculture
The Agricultural Revolutions occurred in which era?
a. Megalithic
b. Ostrolithic
c. Neolithic
d. Paleolithic
e. Monolithic
c. Neolithic
Women played a major role in the transition to crop cultivation because
a. they were unsuited for heavier work
b. they were primary gatherers of wild plant foods
c. only women lived very long in farming settlements
d. since women did the cooking, it was natural for them to grow the plants
e. it's easy to do agriculture and raise children at the same time
b. they were the primary gatherers of wild plant foods
The earliest transition to agriculture was in
a. the Middle east
b. Asia
c. Africa
d. the Americas
e. the Mediterranean
a. the Middle East
The American continents contained very few domesticated animals because
a. agriculture made the domestication of animals unnecessary
b. the environment made raising animals difficult
c. natives preferred hunting instead
d. there were few species suitable for domestication
e. while there were many appropriate species, they were difficult to domesticate
d. there were few species suitable for domestication
The greatest change caused by the adoption of agriculture was
a. a major die-off of wild species
b. major migrations to the temperate zones
c. a global population increase
d. a global population decrease
e. an increase in insect infestation due to monocropping
c. a global population increase
What are the criteria for "civilization"?
a. cities
b. control of a geographic area as a means of power
c. status distinctions
d. record keeping
e. all of these
e. all of these
Women in Mesopotamian society had a lower status than in a hunter-gatherer society because of
a. the requirement to serve as temple prostitutes
b. their role as primary agricultural producers
c. their role in the military
d. the shift of the major role in food provision from women to men
e. the requirement that they not leave the house
d. the shift of the major role in food provision from women to men
Mesopotamia, Egypt, and the Indus River Valley civilizations were all
a. based on fertile floodplains and river valleys
b. made possible by large agricultural surpluses
c. derived from an earlier, as yet undiscovered, "watershed" civilization
d. based on beer brewing and female labor
e. wiped out by a huge drought
a. based on fertile floodplains and river valleys
The Shang elite were what part of society?
a. farmers.
b. scholars.
c. merchants
d. priests
e. warriors.
e. warriors
Nubia's primary form of transportation for trade was
a. isolationism kept the Nubians from contact with anyone.
b. a thoroughfare of roads connecting Nubia to Egypt.
c. letting trade-seekers come to them.
d. horses and chariots.
e. the Nile River.
e. the Nile River
The later Eastern Zhou period is characterized by
a. extension of trade via the Silk Road.
b. ren, or "humaneness," of the government toward its citizens.
c. a conservative government under a Legalist system.
d. invasion from the north.
e. warfare and fragmentation of central order.
e. warfare and fragmentation of central order
Why did the center of power shift to Meroe in the fourth century B.C.E.?
a. The king of Meroë was the strongest man in the Eastern Hemisphere.
b. Nubia allied militarily with peoples in sub-Saharan Africa.
c. It was a better location for agriculture and trade.
d. There was a plague epidemic throughout Egypt.
e. Egyptian culture weakened and became degenerate.
c. It was a better location for agriculture and trade
Other than oracle bones, one of the main sources of information on Shang China is:
a. records from western traders reporting the wealth of north China.
b. The Book of Records.
c. mummies.
d. royal and elite tombs.
e. excavation of cities.
d. royal and elite tombs.
The poem which describes the reception of newborn aristocratic children, showing the difference between boys and girls, was found in which text?
a. The Book of Songs
b. The Book of Prayer
c. The Book of Documents
d. The Book of Love
e. The Book of Changes
a. The Book of Songs
Why did the Olmec lay out their cities in alignment with the paths of stars?
a. They believed that this alignment pleased the gods.
b. So they could get the light of the night sky to illuminate their cities.
c. They knew that the westerly winds would follow the path of the stars.
d. They believed in the significance of astronomical events.
e. Olmec cities functioned like huge astronomical calendars, much like Stonehenge.
d. They believed in the significance of astronomical events.
The first writing in China that has survived was
a. written on paper.
b. etched in animal bones.
c. etched on a stele.
d. etched in clay tablets.
e. inscribed on buildings.
b. etched in animal bones.
Two indigenous Chinese philosophies that emerged from the Warring States Period are
a. Confucianism and Buddhism.
b. Confucianism and Hinduism.
c. Confucianism and Jainism.
d. Confucianism and Daoism.
e. Confucianism and Judaism.
d. Confucianism and Daoism.
The Chinese political system that relied primarily on strict laws and punishments to compel people to behave is called
a. Confucianism.
b. Daoism.
c. Legalism.
d. Rationalism.
e. Moism.
c. Legalism.
The Hyksos were able to conquer Egypt because they had
a. horse-drawn chariots carrying archers with composite bows.
b. iron weapons.
c. control of the Nile Delta region, so they could restrict irrigation to Egyptian agriculture.
d. massive armed forces from a consolidated army of the Near East.
e. superior administrative organization.
a. horse-drawn chariots carrying archers with composite bows.
The era of the New Kingdom in Egypt is characterized by restoration of Egyptian rule and
a. a return to isolationism.
b. a military alliance with the Hittites.
c. expansion north into Syria and south into Nubia.
d. a return to democracy.
e. Nubian rebellion.
c. expansion north into Syria and south into Nubia.
Transportation in western Asia was revolutionized in the Later Bronze Age by the introduction of
a. zebra.
b. ox.
c. horses.
d. elephants.
e. wheel.
c. horses.
Although Minoan writing is undeciphered, Minoan artifacts indicate that
a. they were completely isolated from the Mediterranean world.
b. they had widespread trade connections.
c. they disliked goods from other lands.
d. most Minoans were illiterate.
e. they came from Anatolia.
b. they had widespread trade connections.
What resources did southern Greece and the Aegean have most?
a. Grapes, olives, and some grains
b. Flax, dates, and fish
c. Gold, copper, and reeds
d. Corn, squash, and potatoes
e. Fish, meat, and grain
a. Grapes, olives, and some grains
One of the positive cultural contributions from the Assyrian empire was:
a. long distance trade with central Asia.
b. sharing of extensive medical knowledge
c. development of a base-60 math system.
d. the Library of Ashurbanipal
e. the murals of Nineveh.
d. the Library of Ashurbanipal
Which of the following poses a problem for interpreting the history of the early Israelites from the Bible?
a. They were pastoralists who did not write down their history for nearly 1,000 years.
b. The Bible was written for religious, not historical, purposes.
c. The Hebrew Bible was written in several phases by different people.
d. Hebrew civilization was interrupted by conquest several times.
e. These are all problematic.
e. These are all problematic.
Women in Israelite society were respected because they
a. could inherit from the family estate.
b. provided goods and services that sustained the family.
c. could initiate divorces.
d. were allowed to become rabbis.
e. gave birth.
b. provided goods and services that sustained the family.
The Phoenicians developed a system of writing based on
a. pictograms, which were similar to Chinese writing.
b. later Egyptian hieroglyphics.
c. an alphabet, in which each symbol represented a sound.
d. Mesopotamian cuneiform.
e. Turkish writing.
c. an alphabet, in which each symbol represented a sound.
The merchant aristocracy that controlled Carthage was unique because it
a. allowed ambitious and successful individuals and families to gain political influence.
b. was open only to a select group of people.
c. monopolized power and wealth for itself.
d. was the most authoritarian form of government.
e. promoted trade.
a. allowed ambitious and successful individuals and families to gain political influence.
What was the order of the metals used over time?
Copper, bronze, iron, steel
Mandate of heaven
A concept you claimed when you earned royal class saying the gods wanted you to become the leader or you wouldn't be one
Huang He valley
The yellow river valley
What made the yellow river yellow?
Leoss
Shang dynasty
Very first dynasty
Zhou dynasty
Conquered the Shang
Book of songs was left behind by...?
The Zhou dynasty
Qin dynasty
Conquered the zhou
LDC
Legalism, Daoism, confusionism
Nubia had protection from Egypt because....
They traded with Egypt
Polytheism
The belief in more than one god
People migrated to north America by the.....
Land bridge
Mesoamericans used---------- for labor force because they did not have domesticated ---------
a) animals, humans
b) humans, humans
c) horses, animals
d) humans, animals
d) humans, animals
Olmec used ------------------ for representation of their leaders
Giant head sculptures
South America had ---------- as a major crop
Potatoes
Assyrian empire
Used iron weapons and had chariots and used bows
New Kingdom
Pyramids for pharaohs and gods
Middle Kingdom
Hyskos invade at the end
New Kingdom
Started after Hyskos were kicked out by the Kamose and the Ahmose. All about expansion, had Egyptian bureaucracy
Greece
Mainly mountains, anywhere in Greece was less than 100 miles away from water
Myceneans
Settled in Greece, no historical records
Monoans
The first to adopt monotheism
Dark Age
Several centuries of isolation, stagnation, and decline around 1200 B.C.E
Irealites began as ---------- pastoralists, then settled into canaan. They were the basis of many major ------------
a)nomadic, contributions
b)nomadic, religions
c)pastoralists, nomadic
b)nomadic, religions
Phoenicians
Created the first alphabet using a sound for each letter or symbol
Assyrians
Expanded the Neo- Babylonian kingdom, enlarged the large city of Babylon, and presided over a cultural renaissance