Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life

Chapter 4
organic chemistry
study of carbon compounds
organic molecules consisting only of carbons and hydrogens
structural isomers
differ in the covalent arrangement of their atoms
geometric isomers
differ in arrangement about a double bond; where the X represents an atom or group of atoms attached to a double-bonded carbon
differ in spatial arrangement around an asymmetric carbon, resulting in molecules that are mirror images
functional groups
the components of organic molecules that are most commonly involved in chemical reations
Adenosine Triphosphate
ATP; primary energy-transferring molecule in the cell