Unit 7 Reconstruction
Terms in this set (34)
law passed in the south just after the civil war aimed at controlling freedman and enable plantation owner to exploit African American workers. Become Jim Crow Laws
bring an accusation against
make payment to
white Southerner supporting Reconstruction policies after the Civil War usually for self-interest
Northerner who traveled south to make money off of the Reconstruction
a social system that provides separate facilities for minority groups
the action of incorporating a racial or religious group into a community
A system used on southern farms after the civil war in which farmers worked land owned by someone else in return for a small portion of the crops.
System where the farmworker chose what crop to plant and bought his own supplies
the period after the Civil War in the United States when the southern states were reorganized and reintegrated into the Union. Also defined by US Military Occupation of the South
one of the congressional republicans who wanted to destroy the political power of slaveholders and to give African Americans citizenship and the right to vote
Wade Davis Bill
an 1864 plan for Reconstruction that denied the right to vote or hold office for anyone who had fought for the Confederacy...Lincoln refused to sign this bill thinking it was too harsh.
a federal government agency established in 1865 to provide education, health care, and employment to former slaves in the South
A Southerner form Tennessee, as V.P. when Lincoln was killed, he became president. He opposed radical Republicans who passed Reconstruction Acts over his veto. The first U.S. president to be impeached, he survived the Senate removal by only one vote. He was a very weak president.
Civil Rights Act of 1866
Passed by Congress on 9th April 1866 over the veto of President Andrew Johnson. The act declared that all persons born in the United States were now citizens, without regard to race, color, or previous condition.
abolishes slavery in the U.S.
Declares that all persons born in the U.S. are citizens and are guaranteed equal protection of the laws
citizens cannot be denied the right to vote because of race, color , or precious condition of servitude
Southern society formed in 1866 to prevent freed men and women from exercising their rights and to help whites regain power; revised in the 1920's to terrorize foreigners, Catholics, Jews, etc.,
Three acts passed by Congress allowing the government to use military force to stop violence against southern African Americans.
term for white southern Democrats who returned to power after 1870
Compromise of 1877
Unwritten deal that settled the 1876 presidential election contest between Rutherford Hayes (Rep) and Samuel Tilden (Dem.) Hayes was awarded the presidency in exchange for the permanent removal of federal troops from the South.
Rutherford B. Hayes
19th president of the united states, was famous for being part of the Hayes-Tilden election in which electoral votes were contested in 4 states, most corrupt election in US history
a law that stated a man could vote if his grandfather had been allowed to vote before 1867. Limited African American vote and empowered poor whites
A test given to persons to prove they can read and write before being allowed to register to vote. Another limitation on African American Voting rights post Civil War
Southern laws designed to restrict the rights of the newly freed black slaves
Jim Crow Laws
State laws in the South that legalized segregation. Used to empower southern whites and take away legal rights obtained by African Americans (13-15th Amendment)
plessy v ferguson
established separate but equal in the Supreme Court
Election of 1876/Compromise of 1877
Event in which Rutherford Hayes became president in exchange for ending Reconstruction
End of Reconstruction
Withdraw of Federal Troop from the south. Election of 1876 brought the Radical Republicans a loss of power and Northerners were tired of Reconstruction and wanted to forget the Civil War.
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Established "Seperate, but Equal. Legalized Segregation, discrimination, and Jim Crow Era (1896) (did not violate black civil rights under the Fourteenth Amendemnt) provide that blacks received accommodations equal to those of whites.
Jim Crow Laws
Limited rights of blacks. Literacy tests, grandfather clauses and poll taxes limited black voting rights
Booker T. Washington
Prominent black American, born into slavery, who believed that racism would end once blacks acquired useful labor skills and proved their economic value to society, was head of the Tuskegee Institute in 1881. His book "Up from Slavery."
Opposed Booker T. Washington. Wanted social and political integration as well as higher education for 10% of African Americans-what he called a "Talented Tenth". Founder of the Niagara Movement which led to the creation of the NAACP.
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