Upgrade to remove ads
AP World History - Chapter 14 <Vocabulary>
Terms in this set (23)
Akbar (pron. AHK-bar)
The most famous emperor of India's Mughal Empire (r. 1556-1605); his policies are noted for their efforts at religious tolerance and inclusion.
Aurangzeb (pron. ow-rang-ZEB)
Mughal emperor (r. 1658-1707) who reversed his predecessors' policies of religious tolerance and attempted to impose Islamic supremacy.
The massive transatlantic interaction and exchange between the Americas and Afro-Eurasia that began in the period of European exploration and colonization.
conquistadores (pron. kon-KEY stuhdor-ays)
Spanish conquerors of the Native American lands, most notably the Aztec and Inca empires.
Constantinople, the capital and almost the only outpost left of the Byzantine Empire, fell to the army of the Ottoman sultan Mehmed II "the Conqueror" in 1453, an event that marked the end of Christian Byzantium.
Spaniards born in the Americas.
devshirme (pron. dev-sheer-MEH)
The tribute of boy children that the Ottoman Turks levied from their Christian subjects in the Balkans; the Ottomans raised the boys for service in the civil administration or in the elite Janissary infantry corps.
The prevailing winds of the Atlantic, which blow steadily in the same direction; an understanding of these winds made European exploration and colonization of the Americas possible.
the "great dying"
Term used to describe the devastating demographic impact of European-borne epidemic diseases on the Americas.
jizya (pron. JIZ-yah)
Special tax levied on non-Muslims in Islamic states; the Mughal Empire was notable for abolishing the this tax for a time.
An economic theory that argues that governments best serve their states' economic interests by encouraging exports and accumulating bullion.
mestizo (pron. mess-TEE-zoh)
Literally, "mixed"; a term used to describe the mixed-race population of Spanish colonial societies in the Americas.
Mughal Empire (pron. MOO-guhl)
One of the most successful empires of India, a state founded by Muslim Turks who invaded India in 1526; their rule was noted for efforts to create partnerships between Hindus and Muslims.
Term commonly used for people of mixed African and European blood.
Major Islamic state centered on Anatolia that came to include the Balkans, the Near East, and much of North Africa.
peninsulares (pron. pen-in-soo-LAHR-es)
In the Spanish colonies of Latin America, the term used to refer to people who had been born in Spain; they claimed superiority over Spaniards born in the Americas.
Agricultural system based on African slavery that was used in Brazil, the Caribbean, and the southern colonies of North America.
Qing dynasty (pron. ching)
Ruling dynasty of China from 1644 to 1912; the rulers were originally from Manchuria, which had conquered China.
In these, the colonizing people settled in large numbers, rather than simply spending relatively small numbers to exploit the region; particularly noteworthy in the case of the British in North America.
Russia's great frontier region, a vast territory of what is now central and eastern Russia, most of it unsuited to agriculture but rich in mineral resources and fur-bearing animals.
yasak (pron. YAH-sahk)
Tribute that Russian rulers demanded from the native peoples of Siberia, most often in the form of furs.
Zunghars (pron. ZOON-gars)
Western Mongol group that created a substantial state (1671-1760); their threat provoked Qing expansion into Central Asia.
Little Ice Age and General Crisis
A period of unusually cool temperatures that spanned much of the 17th Century early modern period, most prominently in the Northern Hemisphere. Varied from region to region, helped spark the General Crisis.
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
AP World History - Chapter 15 <Vocabulary>
AP World History - Chapter 17 <Vocabulary>
AP World History - Chapter 20 <Vocabulary>
AP World History - Chapter 18 <Vocabulary>
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
AP World History Chapter 13: Political Transformat…
Ways of the World Chapter 14
Ways of the World Ch. 14
APWH Chapter 14
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
Unit 3: Land Based Empires (AP World Mod…
Unit 4: Maritime Empires (AP World Histo…
Units 1 and 2: Part 2 Review