28 terms

Unit 7 - The New South Vocabulary

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Terms in this set (...)

New South
period after Reconstruction where political and community leaders in the South sought to diversify Georgia's economy and bring Northern technology and/or investments into the state
Atlanta Compromise Speech (1895)
speech made by Booker T. Washington at the international cotton exposition which called for blacks to become proficient in agriculture, mechanics, and commerce, and for whites to trust black and provide opportunities for them to be successful economically.
Convict Lease System
a system that provided convict labor to private parties such as railroad companies or plantation owners
Populist Party
a short lived political party made up of farmers that were hostile to banks, railroads, and social elites. At the beginning, the party was made up of both whites and blacks. Georgian Tom Watson was a leader and presidential candidate for the party.
Rural Free Delivery Act
legislation proposed by Georgia Congressman Tom Watson that provided free mail delivery to rural areas of the country.
Disenfranchisement
to deprive a person the right to vote or rights of citizenship
Grandfather Clause
disenfranchisement law that said if a person's father could vote before the civil war they would be able to vote as well
literacy test
a disenfranchising tactic that required voters to pay a fee in order to vote; this prevented poor blacks and whites from voting
Poll Tax
a disenfranchising tactic that required voters to pass a reading and writing test in order to vote; this prevented poor blacks and whites from voting
White Primary
tactic used by whites in Georgia to prevent blacks from voting in the Democratic primary; because Georgia was a one party state, this prevented blacks from having a voice in elections.
The Talented tenth
W.E.B Dubois' concept of an elite group of college educated Blacks who would use their talents and position to eradicate segregation in the American society
International Cotton Exposition
a series of three large events (1881, 1885, and 1895) established to display Atlanta's growth and industrial capabilities and to lure Northern investment into the region
1906 Atlanta Race Riot
Racial violence between white and black citizens in Atlanta; began as a result of false accusations against black citizens published in the newspaper
Leo Frank Case
Jewish man who was convicted for the murder of Mary Phagan with very little evidence against him; he was taken from the prison and lynched by a mob
Jim Crow Laws
Laws that were passed to segregate African Americans
Plessy v. Ferguson
1892, Supreme court ruled that segregation is constitutional as along as African American and white facilities are equal; "separate but equal" doctrine
Separate but Equal
Supreme Court ruling that legalized racial segregation as long as the facilities were equally funded; however, this was rarely the case
Booker T. Washington
founder and president of Tuskegee University; Believe African Americans should excel at jobs like farming, teaching, and manual labor
W.E.B Dubois
believed African Americans should pursue education and form organizations to fight against discrimination and segregation; Helped found the NAACP
John and Lugenia Burns Hope
couple that supported African American equality and worked to improve sanitation, roads, healthcare, and education for African American neighborhoods in Atlanta
Alonzo Herndon
former slave who started e Atlanta Life Insurance company and eventually became the wealthiest African American in Atlanta
Tom Watson
Georgia politician and leader of the Populist Party; assisted poor Georgians and farmers
Rebecca Latimer Felton
Georgia reformer who fought for women's suffrage and served as the first Female U.S. Senator
Bourbon Triumvirate
group of three wealthy men (Brown, Colquitt, and Gordon) that led the Georgia Democrats and tried to help the wealthy, white citizens of Georgia during the New South
Joseph Brown
an attorney and politician, serving as the 42nd governor of Georgia, and two term U.S. Governor of Georgia, the only governor to serve 4 terms
Alfred Colquitt
a lawyer, preacher, soldier, 49th governor of Georgia, and two term U.S. senator from Georgia, dying in office. He served as an officer in the Confederate army
John Gordon
prominent Confederate major general; member of the U.S. senate; Governor of Georgia; possible leader of the KKK in Georgia
Henry Grady
editor of the Atlanta Constitution who used the newspaper to promote the New South; encouraged northern investment in the South

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