Sports Medicine Final Study Guide

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Define sports medicine
Sports medicine refers to the care of physically active who have suffered an athletic related injury or illness.
How do you become a certified athletic trainer?
Degree in athletic training including instruction in the domains. Clinical education experience, passing the boards test and keeping up with current requirements.
Name 3 members of the sports medicine team
team doctor, athletic trainer, physical therapist
Name 3/6 of the domains and at least three of their aspects
Injury prevention , Evaluation and Diagnosis & Immediate Care
Injury prevention
• Physical Conditioning
• Appropriate equipment
• Appropriate training
Evaluation and Diagnosis
• recognize both general medical conditions and musculoskeletal and nerve injuries
• Decide what needs to be done to care for the injury
• Make appropriate referrals, if necessary
Immediate Care
• Determine life-threatening injury or illness and care for them appropriately
• Apply appropriate First Aid
• Establish Emergency Action Plans (EAPs)
Name 2 of the synovial joints
1. Ball and Socket - ball-shaped head of one bone with cup-shaped cavity of another (hip and shoulder)
2. Gliding - sliding or twisting ( wrist and ankle bones)
Anterior-
Refers to the front of the body
Posterior -
Refers to the back of the body
Medial-
Body part is closer to the midline
Lateral-
Body part is located away from the midline
Superior-
Refers to one part being higher than an other
Inferior -
Refers to one point being lower then and other
Superficial-
Close to skin
Deep-
Away from body surface
Circumduction-
Occurs when a ball-and- socket joint move in several directions with one movement
Elevation-
When you move something in a superior direction
Depression
When you move something in an inferior direction
Protraction-
Pushing out (bench/push-ups)
Retraction-
Pulling in (scapulae squeezes together)
Flexion-
The joint bending (bicep curls)
Extension-
The joint straightening out (tri extends)
Abduction-
Movement away from the body midline
Adduction-
Moving a body part toward the midline
Name 3 bones
1. Skull - Cranium, Mandible and Maxilla.
2. Arm - humerus, radius and ulna.
3. Chest - Sternum and Ribs.
Name 3 advantages of taping
1. less bulky
2. allows adaptation to individual anatomy
3. athlete preference
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