42 terms

Shakespeare Quiz

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PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

renaisance
a rebirth of the classical art and culture from the golden age
monks
these people were able to read/write and carry on the classics during the dark ages
Henry the 8th
he reates the Church of England (protestant) because he gets in trouble with the pope since he can't divorce his last wife; ultimately he had 6 wives (including Anne Bolin and Jane Seymour) but only has 3 children at the end: Mary (Bloody Mary), James and Elizabeth
Jane Seymour
Henry the 8th's 3rd wife; she gives birth to a son, James and then dies
Anne Bolin
Henry the 8th's second wife who was sent to get beheaded in the courtyard of the London tower
Elizabeth I
she was the queen when Shakespeare was alive; was queen for like 60 years
The Virgin Queen
the nickname for Queen Elizabeth because she never gets married; she didn't want a husband to take her power away from her; she might have also know that she wasn't fertile
James
he is from Scotland; Elizabeth's cousin; he becomes king of England when Elizabeth dies
Macbeth
Shakespeare writes this tragedy to get on King James' good side; it's about a Scottish king that saves England; King James is from the line of Banquo who is a noble character in the book
The Tempest
this is Shakespeare's last play about a shipwreck on an island/a New World; this New World is JAMESTOWN
1564-1616
the years of Shakespeare's life
iambic pentameter
the style of writing with 10 syllables made up of 5 feet/iambs (unstressed, stressed); ALL of Shakespeare's POETRY is written in this; some of his plays are
The Globe Theatre
the most famous place where Shakespeare's plays were performed; it burned down but then was rebuilt
37 plays and 154 sonnets
this is the number of works that Shakespeare ever created
The Dark Lady
a woman who is Mediterannean looking with olive skin and dark hair; many of Shakespeare's sonnets are directed towards her
fair haired boy
a few of Shakespeare's sonnets are directed towards him which makes some people believe that he was gay
Anne Hatahaway
Shakespeare's wife; they get married when she is 24 and he is 18; they have 3 children Susanna and twins (Hamnet and Judith)
Hamnet
Shakespeare's son who died at 11; he is probabaly the inspiration for Hamlet
tragedies
plays that end with multiple deaths; include a tragic hero with a tragic flaw that eventually contributes to their downfall; comedies are these but inverted
comedies
plays that end with marriages (new life); 2 types (festive and problem plays)
festive comedies
a type of comedy where people marry at the end and live happily ever after
problem plays
a type of comedy where people get what they deserve and there are marriages at the end, but the marriages are questionable
histories
plays where Shakespeare writes better versions of English history; not historically accurate, but they are dramatically powerful
romances
plays that are all about forgiveness and mercy; somebody does something bad to you, but you forgive them by being generous
Edward de Vere
he was the Earl of Oxford; he was royal and had education; some people believed he wrote the plays/sonnets and then gave them to Shakespeare to publish
Stratford
this is the city in England where Shakespeare was from
The Lost Years
this term for the years when Shakespeare didn't live with his wife for 5-6 years; we don't know what he did but we know he was in London
Shakespeare's will
this states:
1. his writing goes to his company
2. all his wealth goes to his daughters
3. and his wife, Anne, gets the 2nd best bed (the bed that they shared)
5 facts about Shakespeare
1. Christened in Stratford in 1564
2. Married to Anne in 1582
3. Susanna christened in 1583; twins christened in 1585
4. 1592-his name appears in print in London when he is called an upstart crow (Who does he think he is b/c he is uneducated and is writing?)
5. Died in Stratford in 1616
Henslowe's Diary
this tells us almost everything we know about Elizabethan theatre; contains records about all the logistics of running a theatre
John Webster
a playwright who wrote horrible and disgusting plays that were very gruesome
Elizabethan theatres
they had many levels, but no wingspace (no place to put props-therefore very little scenery was used); no roof (they used the sunlight); elaborately carved; painted frescos
groundlings
aka the penny public; they stood on the floor near the stage of the theatre; they only paid a penny to watch the play
city fathers
these people did not like playhouses:
1. they wasted time and took people out of work
2. promoted disease
3. bad behavior - pick pocketing
London
laws were passed that made it illegal to have playhouses in this city; so they started in areas called the liberties (suburbs)
Finsbury Fields
this is the town dump north of London; this is where the FIRST theatre develops; it is called The Theatre
liberties
the suburbs; included:
prostitution
wild living
bear beating pits
bear baiting pits
a common pastime where they chain a bear to a stake and let out packs of pitbulls, then you would bet on the dog that would give the last death blow to the bear
Liberty of Clink/Southwark
this area was south of the river; The Globe theatre was located here along with the rose, the hope, and the swan
Phillip Henslowe
he was the manager of The Rose theatre in Southwark who wrote a diary and kept track of everything that happened at the theatre and how much everything was
The Globe
this theatre was stripped and rebuilt in Southwark; it competed with The Rose theatre; the writer for this theatre was Shakespeare
Marlow
he was the writer for The Rose theatre