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FBLA Journalism, FBLA Journalism
Terms in this set (183)
Short for Web log. A Web-based publication in which articles, issued periodically, appear in reverse chronological order
A news-gathering office maintained by a newspaper somewhere other tan its central location. Papers may have bureaus in the next county; in the state capital; in Washington, D.C.; or in foreign countries
A line identifying the author of a story
A new form of media in which citizens actively participate in gathering and writing information, often in the form of news
A direct question designed to draw a specific response--for example, "Will you be a candidate?"
Advertising on a website that is directed to likely users of that site based on demographic profiles
The coordination of print, broadcast and online reporting in a news operation. The terms is defined in different ways by different people in the media industry
What reporters write. A story is a piece of copy
The newspaper desk at which the final editing of stories is done, headlines are written and pages are designed
A person who checks, polishes and corrects stories written by reporters. Usually copy editors write headlines for these stories; sometimes they decide how to arrange soties and pictures on a page
To keep abreast of significant developments on a beat or to report on a specific event. The reporter covering the police beat may be assigned to cover a murder, for example
The practice of asking members of the public to provide information for a story
The caption that accompanies a newspaper or magazine photograph. The terms dates from the days when photos were reproduced with etched zinc plates called cuts.
The time by which a reporter, editor or desk must have all scheduled work completed
Information that may be used but that cannot be attributed to either a person or a position.
A term used by reporters to refer to the city editor's or copy editor's position, as in "The desk wants this story by noon"
The top-ranking individual in te news department of a newspaper, also known as the editor-in-chief. The term may refer as well to those at any level who edit copy
Generally, the news department that is responsible for all newspaper content except advertising. At some papers this term refers to the department responsible for the editorial page only.
To inject the reporter's or the newspaper's opinion into a news story or headline. Most newspapers restrict opinion to analysis stories, columns and editorials
A social networking site that connects friends and acquaintances. It also offers businesses, including news media, an opportunity to connect with customers.
Fair comment and criticism
Opinion delivered about the performance of anyone in the public eye. Such opinion is legally protected as long as it is not malicious and reporters do not misstate any of the facts on which it is based.
Freedom of Information Act
A law passed in 1966 to make it easier to obtain information from federal agencies. The law was amended in 1974 to improve access to government records
A collection-filed according to date- of newspaper stories, letters, notes and other information to remind editors about stories to assign. See also tickler
An editor who determines what readers or viewers read, hear, and see.
A shortened form of paragraph, as in "Give me two grafs on that fire."
Usually, the editor responsible for all non photographic illustrations in a newspaper, including information graphics, maps, and illustrations
A lead that reports a new development or a newly discovered fact. See also soft lead
Coverage of the actions of government or business; or the reporting of an event, such as a crime, an accident, or a speech. The time element often is important.
Short for hypertext markup language, the coding language used to create texts on the Web.
A connection between two places on the Web
Information that is intensely local in its emphasis.
A Web document coded in HTML
A visual representation of data
A measure of the cumulative effect of all the news values. The more elements of the six news values that appear in the story, the more interesting that story will be to readers
Invasion of Privacy
Violation of a person's right to be left alone
The organization of a news story in which information is arranged in descending order of importance
The pursuit of information that has been concealed, such as evidence of wrongdoing
V. To prepare page drawings to indicate where stories and pictures are to be placed in the newspaper; now done with design software.
n. The completed page drawing, or page dummy
The first paragraphy or first several paragraphs of a newspaper story (sometimes spelled lede); the story given the best display on Page One; or a tip.
Damage to a person's reputation caused by a false written statement that brings the person into hatred, contempt or ridicule or injures his or her business or occupational pursuit.
The impact of the internet and digital media on traditional media, such as newspapers and broadcast television. The addition of many new websites and social media divides or fragments the audience into smaller parts
An editor responsible for coordinating or producing news content for various media.
A journalist capable of producing content in more than one medium, such as radio and newspapers
Emerging forms of computer-delivered news
An interview session in which someone submits to questions from reporters. Also called a press conference
The top news executive of a local television station
An item that is sent out by a group or individual seeking publicity. Also called a handout or press release
A measure of how important or interesting a story is.
Not for attribution
An expression indicating that information may not be ascribed to its source.
A paragraph that summarizes the key element or elements of a story. A nut paragraph is usually found in stories not written in inverted-pyramid form. Also called a nut graf.
Off the record
An expression that usually means "Don't quote me." Some sources and reporters use it to mean "Don't print this." Phrases with similar, and equally ambiguous, meanings are "not for attribution" and "for background only."
The editor of a website for a newspaper or television station
The page opposite the editorial page, frequently reserved for columns, letters to the editor and personality profiles.
A question that permits the respondent some latitude in the answer-for example, "How did you get involved in politics?"
A state or federal law guaranteeing public access to meetings of public officials. Also called a sunshine law
A state or federal law guaranteeing public access to many-but not all- kinds of government records
Short for portable document format. An electronic facsimile of a printed document
The individual who advises editors on the use of photographs in the newspaper. The photo editor also may supervise in the photography department
Using any part of another person's writing and passing it off as your own
A method of distributing multimedia files, usually audio or video, to mobile devices or personal computers so that consumers can listen or watch on demand. The term derived from Apple Inc.'s iPod, but podcasts may be received by almost any music player or computer
The machine that prints the newspaper. Also a synonym for journalism, as in the phrase "freedom of the press". Sometimes used to denote print journalism, as distinguished from broadcast journalism.
A defense against libel that claims the right to repeat what government officials say or do in their official capacities
A story intended to reveal the personality or character of an institution or person.
A person who has assumed a role of prominence in the affairs of society and who has persuasive power and influence in a community or who has thrust himself or herself to the forefront of a public controversy. Courts have given journalists more latitude in reporting on public figures than on private citizens.
The new (or rediscovered) approach to journalism that emphasizes connections with community rather than separation from it. Among the newspapers best known for practicing public journalism are the Wichita (Kan.) Eagle and The Charlotte(N.C.) observer.
The top-ranking executive of a newspaper. This title often is assumed by the owner, although chains sometimes designate the top local executive as publisher
The most prestigious of journalism awards. It was established by Joseph Pulitzer and is administered by Columbia University
The right to report what government officials say or do in their official capacities if the report is full, fair and accurate. Also called conditional privilege.
V. To report a source's exact words inside quotation marks.
The impact of a story as measured by the number of readers it affects and how seriously it affects them.
A person whose job is to gather and write the news for a publication or a broadcast outlet.
Legislation giving journalists the right to protect the identity of sources
A secondary story that is run alongside a major story on the same topic. A story about a disaster, for example, may have a sidebar that tells what happened to a single victim.
The philosophy that recognizes that a set of rules can be broken if circumstances indicate that the community would be served better by breaking them. For example, a journalist who generally believes that deceiving a news source is unethical may be willing to conceal his or her identity to infiltrate a group operating illegally.
A word that identifies a story as it is processed through the newspaper plant or on broadcast news. A slug is usually placed in the upper left-hand corner of each take of a newspaper story. See also take.
The practice of connecting with others for business or social purposes. Social networking sites make it easy for individuals to connect with toreros who have similar interest or goals.
A lead that uses a quote, anecdote or other literary device to attract the reader. See also hard lead.
Stories about trends, personalities or lifestyles. The time element usually is not important. See also hard news.
A person or record form which a reporter gets information. The term is used more often to describe people than documents.
A timely report of an event that is unfolding at the moment
A newspaper article. Most journalists use the term story. Another synonym is piece, as in "I saw your piece on the mayor". A long story may be called a take-out or a blockbuster.
A book of rules on grammar, punctuation, capitalization and abbreviation in newspaper text. The AP and UPI publish similar style books that are used by most papers.
The first paragraph of a news story in which the writer presents a synopsis of two or more actions rather than focusing on any one of them.
A mechanical or electronic device that projects broadcast copy next to the television camera lens so that a newscaster can read it while appearing to look straight into the lens.
Correspondence to fact or reality. Truth is the best defense against libel
Short for Uniform Resource Locator, the address of an internet site.
The online alternative to broadcast
A type of website that allows users to add or alter content. Wikipedia, for example, is a user-written and user-updated encyclopedia.
A wiki on which users can post or update information in news format
publication that contains information about current events, features on different topics and advertisements
newspapers that were named after the cost, 1 cent
mid-1890s journalism that represented sensationalism, screaming headlines and cheap melodrama
the beginning of investigative journalism; journalists took on the role of promoting social responsibility investigating corruption, especially in big business, social institutions and politics
the First Amendment to the Constitution, which provides the rights to free speech and free press
the prevention of printing or broadcasting materials that are considered by some to be objectionable
refers to all the channels of communication that reach a large audience
Golden Age of Radio
refers to the 1930s when Americans listened to radios for music, drama, comedy, variety shows and news
the news organization has both a print publication and an Internet site; media through which consumers obtain news, such as through newspapers and news magazines, television, radio, and the Internet
may include print, broadcast and Internet; adding audio and video elements to a print story
the moral principals that govern the appropriate conduct for individuals and organizations
getting all the facts right and always seeking the truth
In journalistic terms, it means:
1) not to sell your services for financial reward other than the salary you receive from your employer
2) not to take money from a person, group or organization in return for ensuring their story is covered by your news organization
3) not to promote a story based on any personal, group, or partisan interests.
4) not to endorse or appear to endorse any organization, its products, activities or services
5) not to promote commercial products or services
6) not to promote our own media organization.
an invention; a lie
anyone in a position of official authority that is conferred by a state (ex.: government worker, senator, etc.)
a legal decision or form of proceeding serving as an authoritative rule or pattern in future similar or analogous cases
laws requiring certain proceedings of government agencies to be open or available to the public
A storyboard is a sketch of how to organize a story and a list of its contents
a person who makes video films
the number of copies of newspapers distributed on an average day; one of the principal factors used to set advertising rates; not always the same as copies sold, since some newspapers are distributed without cost to the reader
contemporary form of journalism where editorial content is distributed via the Internet as opposed to publishing via print or broadcast
genre of journalism that can be described as the craft of in-depth reporting on a particular issue, sector, organization or institution over time
form of reporting that requires the ability to report and write about a wide range of topics
a methodology that involves providing substantial information to the managers in an organization to help them make business decisions
a writer's description of a potential story (and why it should matter) to an editor
the critical point in an evolving situation that leads to a new and irreversible development
language that pertains to one's business
takes the form of a conversation between two or more people: interviewer(s) ask questions to elicit facts or statements from interviewee(s). Interviews are a standard part of journalism and media reporting
an artifact, a document, diary, manuscript, autobiography, a recording, or any other source of information that was created at the time under study
a source that was created later by someone who did not experience first-hand or participate in the events or conditions that are the topic at hand
means that a reporter can use the information you give them, but cannot name or quote you directly; different from off-the-record, which means that information dispensed during an interaction cannot be dispensed in ANY way
a person who provides information to a law-enforcement agency or to a journalist on the express or implied guarantee of anonymity
a short account of a particular incident or event, especially of an interesting or amusing nature, or an obscure historical or biographical account
an interview conducted by telephone (informal)
The repetition of a message one has received, in order to acknowledge it (ex: The reading aloud by a court reporter or stenographer of testimony previously taken down in stenographic dictation, usually at the request of the presiding judge or parties involved in a deposition)
What the story is really about, what question or questions the story will answer to be worthwhile,
why people need or will want to know about it,
if it reflects a larger trend or theme, etc.
a news agency that supplies syndicated news by wire to newspapers, radio, and television stations
a composing machine producing lines of words as single strips of metal, used chiefly for newspapers; now rarely used
Associated Press Stylebook and Briefing on Media Law - an English Stylebook (grammar style and usage guide) created by American journalists connected with the Associated Press in order to achieve a way to standardize mass communications; published in 1953, updated biennally over the next 20 years; its simplified rules of grammar (dropping Oxford comma and using figures for all numbers above 9) have caused corporate marketing and public relations departments to also adopt it
used to captivate readers by drawing them into a story with greater detail than is found in traditional news stories; is a popular format for magazines such as The New Yorker and can be difficult to define and write
a combination of inverted pyramid and narrative structures. The author begins with key details (who, what, when, where, and why), and adds details in the inverted pyramid structure; story then abruptly "turns," requiring a clear transition, to focus on a narrative, such as the story of a specific eyewitness or party, which addresses finer details and implications, before making its final conclusion
lead (which can run for 3-5 paragraphs), anecdotal soft lead (starts out with a small story about a person, place, or situation that exemplifies the larger theme), the nut graf (central point of story - key theme - and how lead illustrates that point), body (further explains central point), conclusion (wraps up story by linking insight to focus lead)
A short, catchy word or phrase over a major headline
(also called developmental editing or substantive editing), as the name implies, involves checking the content
a senior member of a publication's management team; typically, the managing editor (ME) reports directly to the Editor in Chief and oversees all aspects of the publication
responsible for developing a product for its final release; the smaller the publication, the more these roles overlap; top editor at many publications may be known as the chief editor, executive editor, or simply the editor
news conference or press conference is a media event in which newsmakers invite journalists to hear them speak and, most often, ask questions
in which you copy an author's words directly from the text and use that exact wording in your essay
An indirect quotation is when the meaning but not the exact words of something someone spoke is referred to - NO quotation marks; paraphrasing
use of a direct quotation in which a middle section of the quote has been removed; the text that has been directly quoted must be enclosed in quotation marks and the source must be cited
a short extract from a recorded interview, chosen for its pungency or appropriateness
conversation between two or more people as a feature of a book, play, or movie
to show or indicate where information in a news story comes from
usually refers to taking a closer look at a news event, person or issue; would involve more than the typical number of interviews than for a breaking news story, a deeper level of background research and might result in a longer story that explores different aspects of the subject in greater levels of detail
Freedom of Information Act - a United States federal law that grants the public access to information possessed by government agencies; government officials are required to disclose data unless it falls under one of the nine exceptions:
Classified information - damages national security
Internal information involving personnel rules and agency practices
Material specifically shielded from disclosure by another law
Confidential commercial or financial data (trade secrets)
Records that would be privileged in litigation
Information that would invade someone's privacy
Law enforcement records
Information related to government regulation of financial institutions
Certain geological/geographical data
describes the use of computers to gather and analyze the data necessary to write news stories
practice of strategically combining words and images to convey information
a critical piece of electrical test equipment used to support integration testing, expedite maintenance, and streamline the troubleshooting process at the system, subsystem, and component level by simplifying the access to test signals
a simple map used in cartography to show the location of a particular geographic area within its larger and presumably more familiar context
a title or brief explanation appended to an article, illustration, cartoon, or poster
main headline that captures reader attention, label
Second tier of info that adds detail, sub headline
a headline extending across the width of a newspaper page, usually across the top of the front page
a small box in either upper corner of a newspaper page, usually the front page or split page, containing the name of or a symbol for the edition, a weather bulletin, slogan, etc.
a magazine, periodical, etc, that summarizes news of current events
a newspaper or magazine article or report of a person, event, an aspect of a major event, or the like, often having a personal slant and written in an individual style
Human Interest Story
a feature story that discusses a person, or people, or a companion animal in an emotional way; presents people and their problems, concerns, or achievements in a way that brings about interest, sympathy or motivation in the reader or viewer
(of a topic) be the subject of many posts on a social media website within a short period of time
a newspaper article written by or on behalf of an editor that gives an opinion on a topical issue
a style of writing that is not well suited for news reporting, textbooks or other forms of writing in which the information or writing needs to be based on pure facts (for opposite - writing based purely on facts - see objective writing)
a recurring piece or article in a newspaper, magazine or other publication, where a writer expresses his/her own opinion in few columns allotted to him/her by the newspaper organization
a person who judges the merits of literary, artistic, or musical works, especially one who does so professionally
sets the foundation for creating newscast opens as well as designing team coverage
a person who is the main broadcaster on a program of news, sports, etc., and who usually also serves as coordinator of all participating broadcasters during the program
a person responsible for the financial and managerial aspects of making of a movie or broadcast or for staging a play, opera, etc
a series of related scenes or shots, as those taking place in one locale or at one time, that make up one episode of the film narrative
to photograph or televise while rotating a camera on its vertical or horizontal axis in order to keep a moving person or object in view or allow the film to record a panorama (ex - to pan from one end of the field to another during a football game)
a heading that precedes the main text, or a group of paragraphs of the main text; helps inform about or summarize the topic; long or complex articles often have more than one; are one type of entry point that help readers make choices, such as where to begin (or continue) reading
the art or practice of communicating news by photographs, especially in magazines
an ordinary static photograph as opposed to a motion picture, especially a single shot from a movie
a piece of photographic paper onto which several or all of the negatives on a roll of film have been contact printed
an essay or short article consisting of text and numerous photographs
cut the edges of (a photograph) in order to produce a better picture or to fit a given space
a planning device designating what goes on specific pages (a layout for a newspaper or yearbook)
Depth of Field
the distance between the nearest and the furthest objects that give an image judged to be in focus in a camera
a person who drives the work of others in order to run a major business efficiently and make a large profit
an estimate of income and expenditure for a set period of time
the cost required for something; the money spent on something
money received, especially on a regular basis, for work or through investments
a line of talk that attempts to persuade someone or something, with a planned sales presentation strategy of a product or service designed to initiate and close a sale of the product or service
someone who plans and directs the promotional and advertising campaigns of companies in order to generate interest in a product or service
describes forms of innovative publishing of online journalism, rather than the sourcing of news stories by a professional journalist
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