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25 terms

6th SS ch. 1 study guide

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Latitude
the distance north or south of the equator
Longitude
the distance east or west of the Prime Meridian
hemisphere
half of the Earth
cardinal directions
East, West, North and South
geography
study of the Earth
parallel
a line of latitude (another name for it)
meridian
a line of longitude (another name for it)
scale
relative size
distortion
loss of accuracy
projection
a way to map Earth on a flat surface
compass rose
a diagram of a compass showing direction
key
the section of a map that explains the symbols and colors on the map
Name the 5 themes of geography
location, regions, place, movement, and human-evironment interaction
human environment
explains how people affect their environment
movement
explains how people, goods, and ideas move from one place to another
place
includes the human and physical features of a specific location
regions
is used to group places that have something in common
location
explains how geographers begin to study a place
Name 2 basic questions geographers try to answer.
Where are things located? Why are they there?
Northern
Do we live in the Northern or Southern Hemisphere?
Western
Do we live in the Eastern or Western Hemisphere?
North America
Do we live in South America or North America?
latitude lines
Lines that run north and south but measure distances east and west are called
longitude lines
Lines that run north and south but measure distances east and west are called longitude lines
degrees
Latitude and longitude lines measure in units called