Social Studies: Units 6 and 7
Causes of Civil War (6) and Civil War (7)
Terms in this set (32)
Compromise of 1850
Senator Henry Clay introduced a series of resolutions on January 29, 1850, in an attempt to avert a crisis between North and South. As part of the resolutions, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and the slave trade in Washington, D.C. was abolished. Additionally, California was admitted as a free state with its current boundaries
was an effort by Congress to defuse the sectional and political rivalries triggered by the request of Missouri late in 1819 for admission as a state in which slavery would be permitted. At the time, the United States contained twenty-two states, evenly divided between slave and free.
loyalty to the interests of one's own region or section of the country, rather than to the country as a whole.
a series of violent political confrontations in the United States involving anti-slavery Free-Staters and pro-slavery "Border Ruffian" elements, that took place in the Kansas Territory and the neighboring towns of the state of Missouri between 1854 and 1861.
a network of secret routes and safe houses used by 19th-century slaves of African descent in the United States to escape to free states and Canada with the aid of abolitionists and allies who were sympathetic to their cause.
Fugitive Slave Act
required that all escaped slaves were, upon capture, to be returned to their masters and that officials and citizens of free states had to cooperate in this law.
Dred Scott vs Sanford
Supreme Court case which claimed slaves were property and had no constitutional rights. Also determined the Missouri Compromise to be illegal.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
A powerful, widely read novel written by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852 that made Americans aware of the harsh and inhumane conditions of slavery. Connected to further divisions between the North and South leading up to the Civil War.
John Brown's Raid
(1859) an incident in which abolitionist John Brown and others captured a federal arsenal in Harpers Ferry, Virginia in hopes of starting a slave rebellion. John Brown was captured and hanged for the raid.
Location of a federal arsenal in Virginia that was captured in 1859 during a slave revolt.
A person who wanted to end slavery.
United States abolitionist born a slave on a plantation in Maryland and became a famous conductor on the Underground Railroad leading other slaves to freedom in the North (1820-1913)
an African-American social reformer, orator, writer, and statesman. After escaping from slavery, he became a leader of the abolitionist movement, gaining note for his gifts as an antislavery speaker and writer. (1818-1895)
United States abolitionist and feminist who was freed from slavery and became a leading advocate of the abolition of slavery and for the rights of women (1797-1883)
1854 - Created Nebraska and Kansas as states and gave the people in those territories the right to choose to be a free or slave state through popular sovereignty.
16th President of the United States, president during the Civil War, emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865).
formally withdraw from a group or organization, such as the confederate states from the union in 1861.
War between the Union and Confederacy from 1861-1865.
Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War.
Battle of Gettysburg
1863, this three day battle was resulted in the largest loss of life during the entire Civil War, ended in a Union victory, and is considered the turning point of the war.
Battle of Antietam
(1862) first major battle in the American Civil War to take place on Union soil. It is the bloodiest single-day battle in American history, with a combined tally of dead, wounded, and missing at 22,717. While not a clear victory for either side it gave President Abraham Lincoln the confidence to announce his Emancipation Proclamation.
First Battle of Bullrun
fought on July 21, 1861, in Prince William County, Virginia, near the city of Manassas, not far from Washington, D.C. It was the first major battle of the American Civil War. It was a victory for the South.
Battle of Shiloh
(1862) a Civil War battle in Tennessee in which the Union army gained greater control over the Mississippi River valley.
General Robert E. Lee
Commander of Confederate Army. Great leader; Lincoln wanted him as the leader of the Union Army
General Ulysses S. Grant
the 18th President of the United States. In 1865, as commanding general, he led the Union Armies to victory over the Confederacy in the American Civil War.
(1862) an order issued by President Abraham Lincoln freeing the slaves in areas rebelling against the Union; took effect January 1, 1863.
After the Civil War, a group that believed the South should be harshly punished and thought that Lincoln was sometimes too compassionate towards the South.
(1863) a speech given by Abraham Lincoln after the Battle of Gettysburg, in which he praised the bravery of Union soldiers and renewed his commitment to winning the Civil War; supported the ideals of self-government and human rights
17th president of the United States, came to office after Lincoln's assassination and opposed Radical Republicans; he was impeached
An American statesman and politician who served as President of the Confederate States of America for its entire history from 1861 to 1865
John Wilkes Booth
an American stage actor who assassinated President Abraham Lincoln at Ford's Theatre, in Washington, D.C. on April 14, 1865.
Union forces destroyed military targets as well as industry, infrastructure, and civilian property in Georgia and disrupted the South's economy and its transportation networks. Bold move of operating deep within enemy territory and without supply lines is considered to be revolutionary in regards to war tactics.