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Chapter 4 Volpe
Terms in this set (65)
Charlemagne's reign marked the end of quality _________ of power between ________ _________ and the Papacy
Balance, Western Europe
Leaders of church, Roman nobles, and the HRE all wanted control of ______ because it had become a political pawn
Son of Charlemagne
Louis the Pious
Treaty that led to weakening of the Carolingian Dynasty and split the empire in three parts
Treaty of Verdun
T or F: The splitting of Charlemagne's Dynasty in three parts made it easier to protect from outside invaders
Gov system that started after fall of Carolingian Dynasty between kings, vassals, nobles, knights, and peasants
In exchange for protecting the church, some rulers demanded control over the church
The practice of a secular (lay) leader selecting the bishops of their domain.
The buying and selling of church offices.
The appointment of family members to positions of authority.
T or F: As the church positions became more powerful, many greedy, unspiritual people wanted these spots
Vikings terrorize and rip apart ______ and __________
Who donated land for a new monastery which started with 12 monks in 910. All he wanted was for the monks to pray for him.
William the Pious
Who was the Duke of Aquitaine
William the Pious
T or F: The new monastery founded by William the Pious was free of civil control.
First abbot of Cluny
T or F: All Monasteries that followed the Cluny model did not have to be obedient to the Central Abbot
The new Monasteries had a strict adherence to the ____________ rule
A. Had a strict adherence to the Benedictine Rule
B. Focused on the spiritual lives of individual monks
C. Reinstated the Divine office
D. Increased prayer and decreased labor
E. All of the above
Freedom from the influence of Civil Authority
Crowned HRE by Pope John XII and wanted a strong alliance with the church to secure power.
Otto the great
Studied under Gerbert the great scholar. He elevated Gerbert to become pope with his power over ecclesiastical affairs.
Becomes pope Sylvester II and died after a year in office. Taught Otto iii
This guys crowning ended the Carolingian line
_____ (place) resisted Capetian rule
Norse Dutch who was a viking
Most influential monk in normandy. Concealer to William I and became Archbishop of Canterbury.
Clunaic monk with incredible intellect and strong will. Sought reform in Church and its relationship with gov.
Pope st Gregory VII
Wrote Dictatus Papae
Pope st Gregor vii
Emperor ___________ was humiliated and begged Pope Gregory for forgiveness barefoot in the snow for three days
T or F Gregory pardoned Henry IV after he begged for forgiveness
Anti pope appointed by Henry IV
Henry IV raised an army after being _______ by Pope Gregory and exiled him
Pope Calixus II and German Emperor Henry V reach an agreement that German Bishops will no longer be elected by civil authority and BEGINS TO REMOVE CHURCH FROM CIVIL CONTROL
Concordat of worms
King Henry Ii wanted to increase power in Church by appointed friend __________ to Archbishop of Canterbury
Thomas a Becket
Henry Ii issued __________ to take control of revenue from Monasteries and election of abbots. Thomas a Becket opposed him
Constitution of Clarendon
_____ accidentally murdered Thomas Becket in the Cathedral after he fled to France
Believed God directly gave him power. Violated concordat if women's and was threaten to be excommunicated by Pope Adrian IV. Launched five military expeditions to control Italy.
Frederick I Barbarosa
Pope Adrian IV and ______ stopped Frederick I Barbarosa
Borders Piousness and tyranny as pope. Vicar of Peter —> Vícar of Christ
Pope innocent III
Broke promise to protect Papacy and Papal States. Excommunicated by Pope Gregory IX. Considered the antichrist
The white monks
Emphasized the simple life and farming.
Small windows , plank beds, boiled leafs and water, etc.
Sought to recapture the desert monk life in a monastery setting.
Few in number, but had a large effect on the laity that lived around them.
Joined cistercians and wrote for the church. Travels a lot despite bad health.
St. Bernard of clairvaux
Turks defeat the Byzantine
army and position themselves to take Constantinople.
Battle of Manzikert
Called for the first crusade
Pope Urban II
T or F. First crusade was a success taking back a Jerusalem and other places while killing Muslims and Jews
Jus ad hellum
Right conduct to go to war
Jus in bello
Right conduct at war
Kings crusade aka ____
4th crusade aka _____
this crusade ruined the chance of reconciliation between east and west
Crusades mostly benefited the ____
An effect of the crusades was that people were reintroduced to Greek and ____ culture
Crusades opened Europe to missionaries and ____
________ are entrusted with Holy a Roman Places
Defended Christian pilgrimages and Holy Land. Combined religious and military life
PaxDei) ~ A Proclamation issued by local clergy granting immunity from violence to noncombatants who could not defend themselves. (Specifically, clergy and peasants.)
Prohibits fighting on Sundays, national feast day.
Peace of God
(Treuga Dei) ~ A temporary suspension of hostilities.
Truce of God
Said you should be able to wage war on feast days
St Thomas Aquinas
Oldest military order. 9 knights who protected pilgrimages to and from Jerusalem. Cistercian rule. Became bankers
-Wore white monastic garments.
-Fierce in battle, yet incredibly dedicated to a life of prayer.
-Never feared death.
-Refused their freedom if it meant denying their faith.
took care of sick pilgrims and served as a medical corps for the crusaders. Wore black cloak w white over it. Today are knights of Malta
Modeled after hospitalers. Aided in battles in Prussia. Officially known as the Brother of the Hospital of Saint Mary of Jerusalem.
T or F: Challenges of Civil Governments did not strike at
the authority of the Church as the Church but as a temporal authority.
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