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The shift from hunting of animals and gathering of food to the keeping of animals and the growing of food on a regular basis around 8,000 B.C.
A complex culture in which large numbers of people share a number of common elements such as social structure, religion, and art.
A large political unit or state, usually under a single leader, that controls many peoples or territories
A set of rigid social categories that determined not only a
person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society.
The major Indian Muhammad and his followers to Madinah in 622, which became year 1 of the official calender of Isam.
In the sixth century B.C., a new doctrine appeared in the nothern India and soon became a rival of Hinduhism.
Mandat of Heaven
Claim by Chinese kings of the Zhou dynasty that authority from the heaven to rule and to keep order in the universe.
The duty of family members to subordinate their needs and
desires to those of the male head of the family, a concept important in Confucianism.
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