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10 terms

Scientific Methodology

STUDY
PLAY
observation
the act of noticing and describing events or processes in a careful , orderly way
inference
logical interpretation based on observations
hypothesis
possible explanation for a set of observations or possible answer to a scientific question
controlled experiment
an experiment in which only one variable is manipulated at a time
independent variable
The experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied
dependent variable
variable that changes as a result of a change in the independent variable
control group
the group that does not receive the experimental treatment.
data
information gathered from observations
conclusions
a decision about the hypothesis based on the results of the experiment
theory
an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes observations and predicts behaviors or events