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Unit 1, Chapter 9: The Progressive Era
Unit 1 Chapter 9: The Progressive Era Note cards for Honors American History.
Terms in this set (22)
aimed to restore economic opportunities and correct injustices in American life.
Eugene V. Debs
Helped organize the American Socialist Party in 1901. Criticized the uneven balance between big business, gov., and ordinary people.
Journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life.
commented on Rockefeller's cutthroat method of eliminating competition.
Changes in local gov.
commission of experts instead of political bosses, managers run cities, more fair tax, rooted out corruption, etc.
a bill originated by the people rather than lawmakers
a vote on the initative
enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing them to face another election before end of term if enough voters asked for it.
Susan B. Anthony
a leading proponent of woman suffrage/right to vote.
Upton Sinclair- The Jungle
A book that described the terrible conditions of meat packing factories.
1902 Coal Strike
140,000 coal miners in PA went on strike & demanded a 20% raise, 9 hrs. workday, & the right to organize a union. Pres. Roosevelt solved issue by arbitration commission.
Meat Inspection Act
dictated strict cleanliness requirements for meat packers and created the program of federal meat inspection used until 1990s.
Pure Food and Drug Act
halted sale of contaminated foods & medicines and called for truth in labeling.
National association for the advancement of colored people. aimed for full equality among races. Aroused little interest with reform.
Lincoln Steffens- The Shame of the Cities.
Wrote a book to expose voter fraud in Philadelphia
Head of the US Forest Service under Roosevelt. believed that wilderness areas could be managed to yield public enjoyment while allowing private development.
compromise that moderated the high rates of the Aldrich bill. angered progressives who thought Taft abandoned progressivism.
Richard A. Ballinger
Angered conservationists by appointing him as secretary of the interior. Removed 1 mill. acres of forest and mining lands from the reserved list.
Bull Moose Party
nickname for the Progressive Party. called for direct election referendum and recall. also advocated woman suffrage, law against child labor.
Clayton Antitrust Act (1914)
sought to strengthen the Sherman Antitrust Act. prohibited corporation from acquiring the stock of another if doing so would create a monopoly.
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
given power to investigate possible violations of regulatory statues, require periodic reports from corp., and put an end to unfair business practices.
Granting women the right to vote.
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