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AP US History American Pageant Ch. 3 and 4 Terms

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John Calvin
founder of the Calvinist church
Visible Saints
people who could prove that the spirit of God was inside them (Puritan thing)
Church of England
church founded by Henry VIII that Englishmen were required to join
Puritans
English religious reformers with Calvinist beliefs
Separatists
Puritans who wanted to leave the Church of England
Mayflower
ship that brought the first pilgrims to America
Myles Standish
soldier on the Mayflower who ended up as an important negotiator and fighter against the First Americans
Mayflower Compact
agreement between the pilgrims that set a precedent for later constitutions
Plymouth
sight of the pilgrim's colony
William Bradford
30x governor of Plymouth Bay Colony
Charles I
king of England who supported anti-Puritan action
Massachusetts Bay Colony
colony founded by non-Separatist Puritans; larger than any before; very successful
Great Migration
time in the 1630s when 70000 Puritans left England to avoid persecution
John Winthrop
19x governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony
"City Upon a Hill"
Winthrop's name for the Massachusetts Bay Colony; a covenant with God to have a holy society
Freemen
adult males belonging to a Puritan congregation
Bible Commonwealth
official government of Puritan Massachusetts
John Cotton
Puritan clergyman who defended the government's duty to enforce religious rules
Protestant Ethic
serious commitment to work and engage in worldly pursuits
Anne Hutchinson
Massachusetts woman who disagreed with Puritan church and was exiled
Antinomianism
the idea that those truly saved do not need to follow the laws of God or man
Roger Williams
clergyman who criticized Puritans; founded the first Baptist church in America
Thomas Hooker
man who led the first group of Puritans to Connecticut
Fundamental Orders
Connecticut River Colony constitution; had elements of a regular constitution
Squanto
First American who at first facilitated arrangements between First Americans and Puritans
Massasoit
First American chieftain who signed initial peace with Puritans
Pequot War
war with First Americans that ended with the annihilation of the First American tribe
Praying Towns
places First Americans were brought by Puritans to learn English religion and culture
Metacom
Massasoit's son who headed King Philip's War
King Philip's War
pan-Indian War against Puritans
The Scarlet Letter
book where an adulterer is convicted
Harvard College
school started by Massachusetts Puritans; oldest college in America
Town Meetings
when Puritans got together and voted on issues, etc.
Half-Way Covenant
law that allowed baptism of unconverted members of the church
Leisler's Rebellion
3 year rebellion in New York sparked by fights between landholders and merchants