34 terms

Polvere 6th grade Chapter 22

Chapter 2 Ancient Egypt
STUDY
PLAY
Cataract
Spot of rapid waters in a river
Delta
Area of fertile soil at a rivers end.
Papyrus
A reed plant, used in papermaking
Hieroglyphics
Ancient Egyptian writing system using picture symbols
Dynasty
A line of rulers from one family
Pharaoh
Egyptian king
Deity
God or goddess
Embalming
Mummy-making process.
Mummy
Body preserved by wrapping
Pyramid
Mountain like stone structure
Tribute
Forced payments
Incense
A material burned for its pleasant smell
Savanna
Grassy plains in Africa
Isis
She ruled the dead with her husband Osiris.
Sahara
Largest desert in the world.
Hapi
Baboon headed god, he ruled the Nile river.
King Khufu
Had the Great Pyramid built for him.
Middle Kingdom
Golden age of prosperity, achievement and stability in Egypt.
Kemet
The Egyptians called their land "the black land"
Hatshepsut
First female pharaoh who concentrated on building the Egyptian economy. She was more interested in trade than conquest.
Nile River
Worlds longest river; over 4000 miles.
Shadoof
A bucket with a long pole, used to lift water from the Nile River.
Ramses II
Reigned 66 years, rebuilt the empire built many new temples during the New Kingdom period.
Amenhotep IV
He later changed his name to Akhenaton, abandoned the old system of worship and begin worshiping only one god, Aton.
Thutmose III
He was Hatshepsut nephew, He expanded Egypt north to the Euphrates and south to Nubia. Under his rule Egypt controlled more territory than ever.
Tutankhamen
He was the son-in-law of Akhenaton and inherited the throne at the age of 10.
Meroe
By 540 B.C. Kush's rulers moved their capital here and set up royal court there in order to be away from the Assyrians.
King Kashta
He was a Kushite king won started to take control of Egypt and later his son finished the job.
Ahmose
He led an uprising and his reign began the time known as the New Kingdom.
Narmer
Also know as Menes, he is credited with uniting Upper and Lower Egypt.
Kingdom of Kerma
Gradually took over we weaker villages and created his kingdom, which became the most powerful Nubian village.
Piye
Found a dynasty that ruled both Egypt and Kush from Napata. He was the son of King Kashta.
Napata
The Kush built white sandstone temples, monuments and Piye ruled from here.
Great Pyramid
Is guarded by a stone lion king called sphinx. It is 480' tall, it took more than 2 million limestone blocks to make it. It was built 4,500 years ago by King Khufu.