Upgrade to remove ads
History Chapter 13
Terms in this set (67)
The heresy practiced by numerous Germanic tribes in the early Middle Ages. It stated that Jesus was not consubstantial with God the Father
The "Do Nothing Kings"
The weak and quarrelsome successors of Clovis were given this nickname which in French is "Les Rois Fainéants"
Charlemagne divided his empire into administrative districts that were called...
The Missi Dominici
The "Messengers of the Lord" used by Charlemagne to check on law and order throughout his empire. They visited all regions, held court, and reported back to him
What was not part of the "trivium curriculum"?
The Latin translation of the Bible by one of the Church Fathers is known as the...
What was the title of the official(s) who had become, in effect, the ruler(s) of the Frankish kingdom?
Local nobles began to govern their own land in the absence of strong central government
Feudalism was the political/social/economic system that developed in Europe during the Middle Ages when which conditions existed?
In the feudal system, the term for the actual grant of land from one noble to another was the...
In the feudal relationship, the noble who received the grant of land was called the...
In the feudal system, the oldest son received/inherited all of the land. This practice was known as...
An oath of loyalty
In the feudal system, fealty was...
In the feudal, that section of the manor on which the noble's manor house was located along with barns, stables, mill, bake houses, and cook houses was called the...
A code of behavior that stressed ideals such as courage, loyalty, and honor
During the medieval era, chivalry was...
In the manorial system, a field which was "fallow" was...
Church law only
A text that was labeled "canon law" would be a text dealing with...
A punishment by which the faithful, remaining in communion with the Church, are forbidden certain sacraments and prohibited participation in certain sacred acts. A church "lockout"
The power claimed by the Catholic Church to release subjects of a disobedient ruler from their oaths of loyalty to him
As applied to its use in the Middle Ages, the term "deposition" would mean...
A tenth part of agricultural or other produce, personal income, or profits contributed either voluntarily or as a tax for the support of the Church or clergy, or for charitable purposes
The sin of buying or selling ecclesiastical preferment, beneficent, etc. is known as...
Member of any of several orders of friars that originally forbade any ownership of property, subsisting mostly on alms
Service to God through prayer, fasting, and self-denial
The appointment of bishops, abbots, and Church officials by feudal lords and vassals is known as...
A grant or guarantee of rights, franchise, or privileges from the sovereign power of a state or country
Pepin III (The Short)
In 754 A.D., this former Frankish royal official was crowned king "Rex Dei Gratia" by the pope. Later, he defeated the Lombards in Italy and donated the land to the papacy
The Frankish official who cooperated with the Catholic Church through his support of papal missionaries. He made the office of 'mayor' hereditary
Alcuin of York
The English scholar whom Charlemagne brought to his capital city. There, he established a "palace school" to teach members of the royal family and the children of nobles
The Frankish official who used an efficient and reliable calvary to a victory in 732 A.D. that halted the Muslim advance into Western Europe
He was sent to England by the pope in 599 A.D. where he established a mission at Canterbury
He established a monastery at Monte Cassino in 529 A.D. He created a "rule" that became the model for monasticism in Western Europe
He wrote the Latin translation of the Bible know as the Vulgate
Pope Gregory VII
During his papacy, this Roman Catholic pontiff addressed several problems that came to plague the Church. Among those problems were clerical marriage and lay investiture
He founded the Order of Friar Preachers in 1279 A.D.
In 731 A.D. he authored a history of England that scholars still consider the best historical work of the early Middle Ages
Charlemagne's capital city
The landmass that continues unbroken from the Atlantic Ocean in the west to the Pacific Ocean in the east
Donation of Pepin (Papal States)
The region of central Italy that was given to the Catholic Church by a Frankish ruler in the 8th century and controlled by the Church up through the late 19th century
The site of a battle in 732 A.D. at which the Muslim advance in western Europe was halted
The location in northern Italy of the monastery that was established by Saint Benedict
The peninsular region in which modern-day Spain and Portugal are located. In the Middle Ages, this region was largely under Muslim control
Decreased soil productivity and famine
What was not listed in your textbook as a change that was the result of invasions and constant warfare in fifth century Europe?
The Pyrenees to central Europe
The kingdom that Clovis built extended from...
Stress on personal ties
What aspect of Germanic culture made it impossible to establish orderly government for large territories?
The fear of coastal attacks by Muslims
What was given as a non-religious motivation for many people in southern Europe to become Christians in the 7th century?
It stopped the Muslim advance in to northern Europe
Charles Martel's victory against Muslim forces from Spain in 732 A.D. was significant because...
King by the Grace of God
The title that the pope bestowed on Pepin III when he was crowned was...
Carolingian kings lost power and central authority broke down
What was the twofold result of the division of Charlemagne's empire among his three grandsons?
They gradually accepted Christianity and stopped raiding monasteries, and a warming trend in Europe's climate made farming easier in Scandinavia
What were two factors that contributed to the end of the Viking "reign of terror" in Europe in the 11th century?
What was not a holy day on which vassals were obligated to attend their lord's court if summoned?
The usual length of military service that was required of a vassal by his lord was...
The life expectancy of a medieval noble was...
The life expectancy of a medieval peasant was...
The beliefs of the Roman Church, the classical heritage of Rome, and the customs of various Germanic tribes
During the period 500-1500 A.D., a new society slowly emerged. It had its roots in which of the following?
A sense of security and belonging to a religious community
While feudalism and the manorial system created divisions among people, the Christian church provided which fo the following?
The continued breakup of a once-unified empire
By the 9th century, several languages had evolved from Latin. The development of various languages mirrored...
He observed that Muslim calvary often turned the tide of battle
Charles Martel was motivated to organize Frankish troops of mounted knights because...
The chief cause for the split that created the Roman Catholic Church and the Eastern Orthodox Church had to do so with...
Clerics were literate
The principal reason that kings and feudal rulers used Church officials to administer their governments was that...
The Church set a minimum age for marriage and Church courts punished husbands who seriously injured their wives
Which two ways did the Medieval Church work to protect women?
A decline in vocations
Which of the following was not a problem that developed as the Roman Catholic Church became a wealthy and powerful institution in Western Europe?
Which of the following was not one of the controversial practices that Gregory VII outlawed during his papacy?
The Italian foot soldiers used crossbows to defeat feudal knights for the first time in history
The military significance of the Battle of Legnano was...
Most sacraments were denied and reception of the sacraments was an integral part of salvation
"Interdict" was a powerful Church weapon in the Middle Ages because...
Literally, "nothing hinders". A certification by an official censors that a book is not objectionable on doctrinal or moral grounds
Literally, "let it be printed". An official license by the Roman Catholic Church to print an ecclesiastical or religious book
Leather saddles and the stirrup
What two changes in military technology changed the manner in which warfare was conducted in the 8th century?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
History Chapter 25
History Chapter 6 Sections 3-5
History Chapter 17
History Chapter 26
YOU MIGHT ALSO LIKE...
Western Europe: Middle Ages and Renaissance
Chapter 10: Christian Europe Emerges (By: Eileen F…
Unit 8: Dark & Middle Ages
AP History Ch.10-11
OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR
AP Bio Energy and Enzyme Quiz
AP Bio Unit 2 Test
Italian Unit 4 Vocab
Italian Indefinite Adjectives