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29 terms

Gov Chapter 1 Vocab

STUDY
PLAY
Government
the procedures and institutions by which people govern and rule themselves
Politics
the process by which people decide who governs and what policies are adopted
Politicians
the people who fulfill the tasks of a government
Political Science
the study of government and politics
Democracy
a government by the people with free and frequent elections
Direct Democracy
a government in which citizens come together to discuss laws and select rulers- normally failed
Representative Democracy
a government that gets its power indirectly from the people who elect those who govern
Constitutional Government
a government in which the leaders have won an election and need to recognize and enforce laws
Constitutionalism
an arrangement of checks and balances and due process that that make are leaders think and explain before they make laws
Self-determination
the idea that all individuals can realize their goals
Statism
a political system that considers the state supreme
Popular Consent
the idea that a just government must get power from the consent of the people it governs
Majority Rule
Goverment according to the preferances of the majority
Majority
The candidate or party that receives more then half of the votes
Plurality
The candidate or party that receives the most votes wins, not always more than half
Social Contract
people volunteering for the good of the whole society
Ideology
basic beliefs about power, government, and politics that come from individual experiences
Theocracy
a system of goverment in which religious leaders have absolute power
Articles of Confederation
first US constitution, drafted in 1777
Annapolis Convention
a convention held in Sept, 1789 to consider problems, five states attended
Shays' Rebellion
A small revolt of farmers that made people realize they needed a strong central government.
Bicameralism
the idea of a 2 house government (i.e. senate and house of representatives)-compromise between big states and small states
The Virginia Plan
a plan that would give the bigger states with more population and wealth more power
The New Jersey Plan
a plan that would give all states equal power regardless of size
The Connecticut Compromise
compromise between Virginia and New Jersey plan - created the Senate and the House
Three-Fifth's Compromise
agreement between North and South that slaves would count as 3/5ths of a person
Federalists
supporters of the Constitution and a strong central government
Anti-Federalists
against the Constitution and a strong central government-for people's rights and state's rights
The Federalist
Essays promoting the Constitution by Alexander Hamilton, Madison and John Jay