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the procedures and institutions by which people govern and rule themselves


the process by which people decide who governs and what policies are adopted


the people who fulfill the tasks of a government

Political Science

the study of government and politics


a government by the people with free and frequent elections

Direct Democracy

a government in which citizens come together to discuss laws and select rulers- normally failed

Representative Democracy

a government that gets its power indirectly from the people who elect those who govern

Constitutional Government

a government in which the leaders have won an election and need to recognize and enforce laws


an arrangement of checks and balances and due process that that make are leaders think and explain before they make laws


the idea that all individuals can realize their goals


a political system that considers the state supreme

Popular Consent

the idea that a just government must get power from the consent of the people it governs

Majority Rule

Goverment according to the preferances of the majority


The candidate or party that receives more then half of the votes


The candidate or party that receives the most votes wins, not always more than half

Social Contract

people volunteering for the good of the whole society


basic beliefs about power, government, and politics that come from individual experiences


a system of goverment in which religious leaders have absolute power

Articles of Confederation

first US constitution, drafted in 1777

Annapolis Convention

a convention held in Sept, 1789 to consider problems, five states attended

Shays' Rebellion

A small revolt of farmers that made people realize they needed a strong central government.


the idea of a 2 house government (i.e. senate and house of representatives)-compromise between big states and small states

The Virginia Plan

a plan that would give the bigger states with more population and wealth more power

The New Jersey Plan

a plan that would give all states equal power regardless of size

The Connecticut Compromise

compromise between Virginia and New Jersey plan - created the Senate and the House

Three-Fifth's Compromise

agreement between North and South that slaves would count as 3/5ths of a person


supporters of the Constitution and a strong central government


against the Constitution and a strong central government-for people's rights and state's rights

The Federalist

Essays promoting the Constitution by Alexander Hamilton, Madison and John Jay

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