Honors Satire Midterm
Terms in this set (64)
We'd be kept from information
The truth would be hidden from us
We'd be a captive culture
In 1984, people are controlled by inflicting pain
What we fear will ruin us
The development of events beyond a person's control, regarded as determined by a supernatural power.
The mention or presence of a known work of art, music, or literature to help the reader or viewer see the point of the story. (Ex. Two brothers fighting in Mother, could be Cain and Abel)
A figure of speech in which a word or phrase is applied to an object or action to which it is not literally applicable.
Juvenalian /Horation (Two types of satire)
Horatian: tolerant, witty, wise and self-effacing
Juvenalian: angry, caustic, resentful, personal
Tangible, logical, touchable, Apollonian
Nobody would want to read
We'd be given so much information we'd be reduced to passivity
The truth would be irrelevant
We'd be a trivial culture, distracted by unimportant amusements
In Brave New World, people are controlled by inflicting pleasure
What we love will ruin us
The power of acting without the constraint of necessity or fate; the ability to act at one's own discretion.
The occurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of adjacent or closely connected words.
Not matching up
Latin root: tort, meaning to twist. Twists something out of its original shape to people will see differently
Concise and exact use of words in writing or speech.
Anger about serious problem (mocking NRA), or using Invective to make someone angry about an unimportant thing (incongruity)
Something that seems like it would never happen but does.
Exaggerate person's objectionable physical or moral quality.
The differences between two things
Writing about something you care about in a manner that makes it look like you don't. The contrast between how the subject is presented and how the writer really feels.
A Clockwork Orange Part 1 vs Part 3
Funny, amusing, or odd, you laugh at it, but feel uneasy about it
End of incongruity
Literal , adjective
Taking words in their usual or most basic sense without metaphor or allegory.
A figure of speech involving the comparison of one thing with another thing of a different kind using like or as.
Dystopia & Utopia
Dystopia: Dys = not functioning, broken (The Giver)
Greek Utopia = no place
Be a warning or indication of (a future event).
Departing from a literal use of words; metaphorical.
Id, Ego, Superego
Id = basic desires, animal instincts, no morality, no restraint or thinking
Ego = logical aspect of personality, rationality, moderator between Id and superego
Superego - social conduct, moral aspects of personality, the conscious.
Government that has total control, don't care if you are patriotic. (North Korea)
7 Deadly sins
The root of foibles, sins, and nefarious behavior.
Individuals. These sins, activated by FEAR, result in behavior deserving criticism.
S*H, Animal Farm)
(Freaky Friday, Trading Places, Working Girl)
Who does the satirist pretend to be? Stephen Colbert, for example.
A concrete object used to represent an abstract idea
Ex. Milk in a Clockwork Orange (means innocence)
A story that uses symbols to convey a deeper meaning
"The covers of that book are too far apart" -Ambrose Beirce
End of pretense
An altered view of reality is presented as real
Intangible, Emotional, Dionysian
Apollonian & Dionysian
Apollo = sun god
Represents = order, reason, thought, linked with painting + sculpture
Dionysus = wine god
Represents = emotions, impulsivity, linked with theatre + music
The use of centralized planning in an attempt to manage social change and regulate the future development and behavior of a society.
A recurring idea, image, symbol or phrase that unifies a work of literature. By definition, the image, symbol or phrase must occur more than one time.
(What's it gonna be then, eh)
(In both books: conflation of man and machine)
The expression of one's meaning by using language that normally signifies the opposite, typically for humorous or emphatic effect.
A mix between terror and laughter. Useful when man's faith in universe is shaken. Artistic expression in an incomprehensible world. All great satirists incorporate the grotesque: Swift, Rabelais, Twain, Heller, Vonnegut. A mix of human. Hard to define. The Fly,
(You laugh and smile, but you feel uneasy about it. )
Unclear or inexact because a choice between alternatives has not been made
A division or contrast between two things that are or are represented as being opposed or entirely different.
(Apollo and Dionysus
Putting something next to something else for effect.
The fact of two things being seen or placed close together with contrasting effect.
Picture puts wealth and poverty together for specific effect
Overstatement/Hyperbole: Exaggerated statements or claims not meant to be taken literally.(Ex. I could eat a horse)
Understatement: The presentation of something as being smaller, worse, or less important than it actually is. (Ex. "I don't think we've seen the heavy stuff yet" during a monsoon)
Abusive or insulting language.
From Latin meaning "attack with words." Reader or viewer must share indignation or it backfires.
The bitterest, meanest form of satire
Irony: 3 types
Plot (vs. story)
Story = Events, what happened
Plot = How the story is arranged .
A Clockwork Orange: 3 sections with 7 chapters
Cat's Cradle: 127 short chapters
The subject of a talk, a piece of writing, a person's thoughts, or an exhibition; a topic Themes
Satire makes fun of
Speech, Thoughts, Effect on others, Actions, Looks. Characterization
Effect on others
How the protagonist sees or contemplates the events in the novel. Point of View or
1st person = I
3rd person = He, she, or it
Where the novel takes place.
Cat's Cradle: Illuim, New York, and San Lerenzo.
A Clockwork Orange: an undisclosed dystopian society
Illuim/Troy burnt to ground = froze to the ground.
Man vs Man
The hero's mirror (Alex and F. Alexander)
Man vs Nature
A character must overcome her/his own nature or make a choice between two or more paths—good and evil; logic and emotion.
Man vs Society
This conflict occurs when a character has strong feelings and beliefs that go against the norm in his society.
Man vs supernatural
A conflict between a character and something that is not normal in some way. Supernatural elements include ghosts, omens, and superstitions.
Man vs self (internal)
A conflict that will occur when a character is struggling with themselves on the inside.
Day of the Locust - Hollywood + Plus American Dream are fake
Cukoo's Nest - How power, control, and authority having a negative effect on the individual
Illusion vs Reality - Chiefs hallucinations + Faye and Harry's acts
Society vs Individual - The Combine + People who come to California to die both cast out by society/cannot be aloud to conform/ do not want to
Cheif Bromden - A man beaten by the Combine
McMurphy - Has a ton of life and ends up dead in the end
Nurse Ratched - The woman who keeps power in the ward
The people who come to California to die - Had life and dreams, were tricked, angry, and now destructive
Patients - society ostracized them, angry, rebel against Nurse Ratched
Cukoo's Nest - Allegory - A story that uses symbols to convey a deeper meaning
Day of the Locust - Grotesque - Funny, amusing, or odd, you laugh at it, but feel uneasy about it
Man V Machine = Chief sees people as machines, Day of the Locust - Faye, Harry, and Adore non-stop acting like a windup toy
Window = How order is fragile and can break
Day of the Locust
Architecture - how houses represent the fake, historical reality that Americans live in