Topic 2 World History: Islam and Africa
Terms in this set (40)
How did the hijira influence the development of Islam?
During the hijira, Muhammad created rules that governed and united Muslims.
How do the Quran and Sharia differ?
The Quran is the holy book of Islam; Sharia is a system of laws.
The Five Pillars of Islam?
requires a statement of faith
Early Islamic laws changed the treatment of women by?
Allowing women to reject marriage offers
Which statement BEST characterizes the hajj?
It is one of the Five Pillars of Islam
Which of the following statements BEST describes the spread of Islam under the first four caliphs?
Arabs united under Islam and defeated nearby empires.
The difference between Shiite Muslims and Sunni Muslims is?
Shiites believe only descendants from Ali and Fatima can be religious leaders; Sunnis do not.
Which of the following is true of the Umayyads?
The Umayyads expanded into Spain
Which of the following statements BEST describes how the Abbasid caliphate expanded?
The caliphs conquered Persia and incorporated Persian traditions.
Why did the Abbasid caliphate decline?
The Turks took over Baghdad; then the Mongols invaded
Why was trade important to the Muslim empires?
It helped create unity and a money economy, and facilitated the spread of ideas and culture.
Which statement best describes the unique qualities of Islamic art?
It uses natural motifs in religious art.
What is an important theme in Arab poetry throughout the centuries?
Chivalry and the romance of nomadic life
The word if Ibn Khaldun is important because?
He set standards for the scientific study of History
Which of the following BEST describes medicine of the Islamic caliphates?
It was highly innovative and Professional
1.) How did Suleiman govern the Ottoman empire?
Suleiman was a strong ruler who governed with a grand vizier and a council.
2.) The Ottoman empire's society was organized by
classes of men of the sword, the pen, negotiation, and husbandry.
3.) The Ottoman empire impacted the non-Muslim peoples of the empire in eastern Europe by?
: Organizing them into Millets or religious communities
4.) What religious differences existed between the Ottomans and the Safavids?
The Safavids were Shiite Muslims and the Ottomans were Sunni Muslims.
Abbas the Great strengthened the Safavid empire by?
tolerating non - Muslims and encouraging their economic contributions
What was one of the significant aspects of Muslim domination of North Africa's cities in the 690s?
Muslims made Arabic the dominant language
Nubia flourished as a society because of its?
Muslim caliphates impacted Africa by
helping to establish a trade network to India and China.
Why did Bantu-speakers migrate south instead of north?
Desertification created a barrier to the north.
5. What aspect of Roman civilization allowed Christianity to spread in North Africa?
It's military proess
The commodities gold and salt were important to many regions of West Africa because them?
helped create great wealth and vast trade networks that spread new ideas.
Which statement BEST describes the impact Muslim traders had on Africa?
Muslim traders brought Islam and the Arabic language to many places.
Ghana became a wealthy kingdom through trade, and its government?
Employed Muslims as officials and counselor's
What was one of the effects of Mansa Musa's pilgrimage to Mecca?
He forged new diplomatic and economic ties with other Muslim states.
The Kingdom of Benin prospered through
the achievements of other forest cultures.
Which statement BEST explains how Christianity influenced the development of Axum after A.D. 600?
Axum became increasingly isolated from its Islamic trading partners
How did Judaism influence Ethiopia's culture?
Some Ethiopians observed some Jewish holidays and dietary laws.
How did local East African rulers deal with Arab and Persian merchants in the 600s?
They protected Muslim communities.
What evidence suggests that Great Zimbabwe was a great commercial center?
Artifacts such as beads from India and porcelain from China have been found among the ruins.
Which of the following describes East Africa's trading system?
It was international in scope
Which of the statements below BEST describes a lineage?
a household that claims a common ancestor with other households
Age grades were one way that children in medieval Africa could?
forge social ties beyond the family.
In African villages that were part of a larger kingdom, decisions that had to be obeyed were made?
in distant courts.
Traders and merchants brought a number of religions to Africa, but smaller African societies generally practiced?
Griots were important to African society because they?