AP Psychology Full Year Review

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Empiricism
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Terms in this set (612)
Empiricism
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should therefore rely on observation and experimentation.
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Structuralism
Developed by Edward Bradford Titchener, it focused on self-reflection and introspection. Highly unreliable.
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Functionalism
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish.
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Experimental Psychology
The study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method.
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Behaviorism
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).
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Humanistic Psychology
The historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth.
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Cognitive Neuroscience
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with thinking including perception, thinking, memory, and language.
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Psychology
The science of behavior and mental processes.
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Nature-Nurture Issue
The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of the two.
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Natural Selection
The principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.
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Levels of Analysis
The differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon.
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Biopsychosocial Approach
An integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis.
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Biological Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior.
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Evolutionary Psychology
The study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection.
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Psychodynamic Psychology
A branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people with psychological disorders.
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