AP Psychology Full Year Review

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Terms in this set (612)
The view that knowledge originates in experience and that science should therefore rely on observation and experimentation.
Image: Empiricism
Developed by Edward Bradford Titchener, it focused on self-reflection and introspection. Highly unreliable.
Image: Structuralism
A school of psychology that focused on how our mental and behavioral processes enable us to adapt, survive, and flourish.
Image: Functionalism
Experimental Psychology
The study of behavior and thinking using the experimental method.
Image: Experimental Psychology
The view that psychology (1) should be an objective science that (2) studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2).
Image: Behaviorism
Humanistic Psychology
The historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth.
Image: Humanistic Psychology
Cognitive Neuroscience
The interdisciplinary study of the brain activity linked with thinking including perception, thinking, memory, and language.
Image: Cognitive Neuroscience
The science of behavior and mental processes.
Image: Psychology
Nature-Nurture Issue
The longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of the two.
Image: Nature-Nurture Issue
Natural Selection
The principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passed on to succeeding generations.
Image: Natural Selection
Levels of Analysis
The differing complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon.
Image: Levels of Analysis
Biopsychosocial Approach
An integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis.
Image: Biopsychosocial Approach
Biological Psychology
A branch of psychology concerned with the links between biology and behavior.
Image: Biological Psychology
Evolutionary Psychology
The study of the roots of behavior and mental processes using the principles of natural selection.
Image: Evolutionary Psychology
Psychodynamic Psychology
A branch of psychology that studies how unconscious drives and conflicts influence behavior, and uses that information to treat people with psychological disorders.
Image: Psychodynamic Psychology