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Basic Biology Vocabulary Root-Words

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bio
life
cyto
the basic unit of life, cell
karyo
nucleus(membrane bound structure)
auto
self
photo
light
homo
same
hetero
other, different
a, an
not
zoo/zoa
animals
archaeo
old, primitive
troph
feeding
vor
to eat, consume
phag
to eat, consume
lysis
to burst or split
synthesis
to make or create
eu
true
hydro
water
hyper
over or above
hypo
under, beneath
gluc/glyc
sweet or sugar
sacchar
sugar
chemo
chemical
mono/uni
one
di/bi
2
poly/multi
many
pro
first, before
geo
earth
myco
fungus
endo
in
ecto
out
eco
environment
hemo
blood
hepat
liver
gastro
stomach
cardio
heart
neuro
brain, nerves
ped
foot, child
pod
foot
cephal
head
sperm/spor
seed
oo/ovi
egg
itis
inflammation of
osis
abnormality
path
disease
phyll
leaf
chrom
color
chloro
green
derm
skin