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36 terms

MFT terms: Strategic Family Therapy

STUDY
PLAY
ordeals
Interventions in which clients are directed to engage in a mildly noxious activity each time they engage in the targeted symptomatic behavior.
pretending
Instructing a symptomatic person to pretend to exhibit his or her symptom, which reclassifies that symptom as voluntary and not really "real".
positioning
Therapist accepts and exaggerates the client's stance on an issue.
restraining change
Encourage the client to "go slow" or not to change too much.
prescribing the symptom
Instructing the client to have more of a symptom. (Paradoxical injunction)
redefining
You put a positive connotation on behavior that is usually considered to be undesirable.
circular causality
Explains that behavior occurs in cycles and in a context, rather than as a result of cause and effect.
double bind
A communication that leaves the receiver in a no-win situation.
homeostasis
The tendency within a system to seek and maintain balance by maintaining the current situation and resisting change.
reframe
Use of language to give new meaning to a situation.
first order change
Change in which the fundamental rules of the system remain the same.
negative feedback
A process to correct system deviations by reestablishing the previous state of equilibrium.
punctuation
Human interaction is typically complex and cyclical, in which people often attribute different meanings to events because they arbitrarily bracket or focus on different parts of the cycle.
positive feedback
The morphogenic, change-activating process within systems.
second order change
Strategies involving alteration of the fundamental rules or context in which a problem is embedded.
digital message
The content of the message.
circular causality
A contextual, cyclic view of behavior, as opposed to linear, cause and effect explanations of behavior.
analogic message
non-verbal, contextual part of a message -- can also be metaphorical or symbolic message.
directives
Therapeutic tasks aimed at breaking inappropriate sequences of behavior.
paradoxical intervention (therapeutic paradox)
Involves a seemingly illogical intervention to bring about change
communication theory
Developed in Bateson's schizophrenic project, this became the roots of strategic therapy
paradoxical techniques
Erickson's work with hypnosis; commonly used in strategic therapies.
MRI model
Basis for Milan systemic model.
reframe
Strategic approach to changing rules; changes interpretations of behavior.
family hierarchy
Haley believes most family problems to be the result of ...
cybernetics
Caused by positive feedback loops.
structural problems
Caused by incongruous hierarchies.
functional problems
Caused by people trying to protect or control each other covertly.
hidden power alliances
Milan group believes problems to be caused by...
(strategic) paradoxical injunctions
Paradoxes in family communications; demanding a behavior that should be spontaneous.
reframe technique of positive connotation
Difference between Milan group and Haley in perception of client knowledge of issues which allows families to see things differently.
problem-maintaining sequences
Paradoxical interventions are used by strategic therapists.
problem stage
During this stage, Haley looks for clues about triangles and hierarchies.
interaction stage
During this stage, Haley looks for clues about coalitions.
high-conflict divorce
Example of Haley's artful common sense.
Milan group
5 stages: presession, session, intersession, intervention, post session discussion