Chapter 10: Legal Descriptions
Terms in this set (30)
A legal description of a property....
accurately locates and identifies the boundaries of the subject parcel to a degree acceptable by courts of law in the state where the property is located. It identifies the property as unique and distinct from all other properties.
Three accepted methods of legally describing parcels of real estate are:
1) metes and bounds
2) rectangular survey system, or government survey method
3) recorded plat method, or lot and block method
Point of beginning
Used in a metes and bounds method of land description.
FYI: The metes and bounds descriptions MUST return back to the POB to be valid!
refers to distance and direction
refers to fixed reference points (monuments/landmarks); natural or artificial
Metes and Bounds Description
-Starts with an identification of the city, county and state
-identifies the POB
-describes the distance and direction from the POB to the first monument...and to subsequent monuments (to define the property's enclosed perimeter)
Rectangular Survey System (aka government survey method)
System created by surveying land using latitude (east-west) and longitude (north-south) lines. The object was to create uniform grids of squares, called townships, which would have equal size and be given a numerical reference for identification.
The north-south, longitudinal lines on the survey grid.
The single designated meridian for identifying townships in the principal meridian's geographical "jurisdiction."
How many principal meridians are in the national survey?
The east-west, latitudinal lines on the survey grid.
Base Parallel (aka Base line)
The designated line for identifying townships. There is a base parallel for each principal meridian
The north-south area between consecutive meridians. It is identified by its relationship to the principal meridian.
How wide are all ranges?
6 miles wide
Tier (aka Township strip)
The east-west area between two parallels. It is identified by its relationship to the base parallel.
The area enclosed by the intersection of two consecutive meridians and two consecutive parallels
Dimensions/area of a township
6 mi x 6 mi
= 36 square miles
1 mi x 1 mi portions of a township
= 1 square mile or 640 acres
They are numbered sequentially starting with Section 1 in the northeast corner, proceeding east to west across the top row, continuing from west to east across the next lower row, and so on, alternately, ending with Section 36 in the southeast corner.
Subdivision Plat Map (aka lot and block system)
A method used to describe properties in residential, commercial, and industrial subdivisions.
The recorded lot and block numbers of a subdivision parcel, along with its section, township and meridian reference, become the property's legal description.
Subdivision Plat Map description format
1) Property's lot number or letter
2) Block identifier
3) Subdivision name
4) Subdivision's location within a section, township, county, and state
Ex: "Lot 7, Block 8 of the Grand Oaks Subdivision of the SE 1/4 of Section 35, Township T28S, R19E of the Tallahassee Principal Meridian in Pinellas County, Florida."
Standard elevation reference point (measure elevation as a distance above or below your official one in the area)
Local elevation markers (as opposed to using a single datum in an area)
Guide meridians are drawn every...
24 miles east and west of the principal meridian
Correction lines are drawn every...
24 miles north and south of the base line
24 x 24 mile grid drawn by guide meridians and correction lines
Florida's measurement begins in....
Lines drawn north and south (vertical) and are numbered consecutively from the east and the west with Range 1E being on the east of the Tallahassee Principal Meridian and R1W being on the West side of the Principal Meridian.
Lines drawn east and west (horizontal)
given to each parcel of land to aid in the assessment of property for tax purposes.
Irregularly shaped parcels of land, usually fronting on water, which could not be divided practically into sections under the government survey system.