14 terms

European Middle Ages

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Franks
Germanic people who spread from the Rhine into the Roman Empire in the 4th century
Carolingian
of or relating to the Frankish dynasty founded by Charlemagne's father
Holy Roman Empire
French-German-Italian Empire begun by Charlemagne
Charlemagne
king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor
lord
Landowner, "landlord"
fief
a piece of land held under the feudal system
vassal
a person holding a fief
knight
originally a person of noble birth trained to arms and chivalry
serf
(Middle Ages) a person who is bound to the land and owned by the feudal lord
manor
the landed estate of a lord (including the house on it)
crusade
any of the more or less continuous military expeditions in the 11-13th centuries when Christian powers of Europe tried to recapture the Holy Land from the Muslims
Inquisition
a former court of the Roman Catholic Church (1232-1820) created to discover and suppress heresy
Reconquista
Effort to drive the Muslims out of Spain
guild
group of skilled workers uniting to improve quality of goods produced and working conditions
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