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69 terms

MPCS History 11th

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Martin Luther
German monk and leader of the Protestant
Reformation
Roger Williams
He founded Rhode Island for separation of Church and State...first free religious state...set up first Baptist church
Nathaniel Bacon
Leader of Bacon's Rebellion. LEd settlers against Indians and Jamestown.
John Smith
Helped found and govern Jamestown.
George Grenville
British Prime Minister Architect of the Sugar Act; his method of taxation and crackdown on colonial smuggling were widely disliked by Americans. He passed the Stamp Act arguing that colonists received virtual representation in Parliament
Henry the Navigator
Portuguese prince who promoted the study of navigation and directed voyages of exploration down the western coast of Africa
Bartholomeu Dias
Sailed to the southern tip of Africa
Hernan Cortes
Spanish conquistador who defeated the Aztecs and conquered Mexico
Ponce de Leon
sailed and discovered Florida and claimed it for Spain.
Sir Walter Raleigh
Englishman who tried to start the colony of Roanoke in America. It failed and is known as "
The Lost Colony."
Virginia Dare
first English child born in America
William Penn
Founder of Pennsylvania
John Berkeley
In (1664) New Jersey was given to him and George Carteret by the king
Cecilius Calvert
estabished Maryland
Sir Edmund Andros
Governor of the Dominion of New England
Jonathon Edwards
powerful preacher during Great Awakening,
John Wesley
Founded the Methodist church
William Pitt
British leader in the French and Indian War. Brought the Seven Years' War to an end
Marco Polo
Merchant and traveler. His accounts of his travels to China offered Europeans a firsthand view of Asian lands and stimulated interest in Asian trade
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
Christopher Columbus
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China
Montezuma
aztec emperor invaded by hernando cortes and his forces
Francisco de Coronado
1540, From Spain, Discovered North America's southwest...Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Kansas
John White
leader of Roanoke
Elizabeth I
made Protestantism the dominant religion in England by 1558...Queen of England
John Rolfe
He brought tobacco to Jamestown, which saved this colony from failing, and he also was married to Pocahontas
William Bradford
The man chosen to be governor of Plymouth colony over 30 times., Governor of Plymouth Colony...decided to have the first Thanksgiving
Metacomet
Wampanoag chief was known to settlers as King Philip
Peter Stuyvesant
Governor of the Dutch colony of New Netherland
George Carteret
Co-founded New Jersey with John Berkeley
James Ogethorpe
founded georgia
Benjamin Franklin
American public official, writer, scientist, and printer. After the success of his Poor Richard's Almanac (1732-1757), he entered politics and played a major part in the American Revolution. Franklin negotiated French support for the colonists, signed the Treaty of Paris (1783), and helped draft the Constitution (1787-1789). His numerous scientific and practical innovations include the lightning rod, bifocal spectacles, and a stove.
George Whitefield
Credited with starting the Great Awakening, also a leader of the "New Lights."
Edward Braddock
English Commander who was killed at the Battle of Dusquesne during the French and Indian War
Pontiac
Native American leader who fought the british
Renaissance
A period of intense artistic and intellectual activity, said to be a 'rebirth' of Greco-Roman culture.
Protestant Reformation
a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
Columbian Exchange
A global exchange of people, plants, animals, technology, and disease form Americas to Europe. Began by Christopher Columbus. brought a commercial revolution and mercantilism.
Treaty of Tordesillas
Agreement between Portugal and Spain, declaring that newly discovered lands to the west of an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean would belong to Spain and newly discovered lands to the east of the line would belong to Portugal.
Susan Constant
one of the three ships that brought the Jamestown settlers to America
Godspeed
one of the three ships that brought the Jamestown settlers to America
Discovery
one of the three ships that brought the Jamestown settlers to America
common store system
It was a system in which all found was placed in a common store house. Much like socialism. Any who would not work, would not eat., What system ended in Jamestown by John Smith in 1608
starving time
Jamestown winter of 1609 and 1610
Bacon's Rebellion
nathaniel bacon rebelled because he wanted the governor to fight indians but governor refused so bacon rebelled...results in Jamestown being burned to the ground; Vrigina
Puritans
a group of Anglicans in England who wanted to purify their church of Catholic ways
Separatists
People who wanted to have a separate, or different church. Also known as Pilgrims.
Mayflower Compact
1620 - The first agreement for self-government in America. It was signed by the 41 men on the Mayflower and set up a government for the Plymouth colony.
Pequot War
The Bay colonists wanted to claim Connecticut for themselves but it belonged to the Pequot. The colonists burned down their village and 400 were killed.
King Phillips War
War between the Native American tribes of New England and British colonists that took place from 1675-1676. The war was the result of tension caused by encroaching white settlers. The chief of the Wampanoags, King Philip lead the natives. The war ended Indian resistance in New England and left a hatred of whites.
Toleration Act
This guaranteed religious freedom to almost all Protestants in England under the monarchy of William and Mary.
Mercantilism
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by establishing a favorable balance of trade
Navigation Acts
Laws that England put on the colonies to ensure that America would only trade with England. England profited tremendously from these laws. The basis of these laws was mercantilism.
Dominion of New England
headed by Sir Edmund Andros, imposed by London to enforce English Navigation Laws
Glorious Revolution
Overthrow of King James II (afraid of Catholic dynasty) that ended the Dominion and established William and Mary as the new leaders.
Salutary neglect
An English policy of not strictly enforcing laws in its colonies
Triangular trade
A three way system of trade...Africa sent slaves to America, America sent Raw Materials to Europe, and Europe sent Guns and Rum to Africa
middle passage
the journey of slaves from Africa to the Americas, so called because it was the middle portion of the triangular trade route...nearly 20% of slaves died on each ship
Stono Rebellion
In 1739...20 slaves attacked plantation owners in South Carolina, leading to the tightening of already harsh slave laws.
Salem Witch Trials
1629 outbreak of witchcraft accusations... marked by an atmosphere of fear, hysteria and stress...100 tried as witches...20 people killed...2 dogs killed...150 imprisoned
Enlightment
this movement spread knowledge, reason and science that could improve the society
Great Awakening
Religious revival in the American colonies ...Baptist and Methodist dominations grew and Puritain and Anglican congregations declined
Albany Plan of Union
proposal by Benjamin Franklin to create one government for the 13 colonies...every colony voted against it.
Battle of the Monongahela
Braddock took 1400 British troops to Ft. Duquesne...British used European style fighting...The French and Indians were hiding behind trees ambushed the British...Braddock was killed...Washington took command
Battle of Quebec
A battle between Gen. Wolfe and Marquis de Montcalm which occurred at Quebec. Wolfe's forces surprised the larger forces of Marquis and defeated them. Both Wolfe and Marquis died in battle. Turning point of the French and Indian War...
Treaty of Paris of 1763
ended the French and Indian War...French gives up Canada and land east of the Mississippi and Spain gives Britain Fla. Spain receives Louisiana from France.
Pontiac's War
War that occured when Pontiac led an attack on British troops at Fort Detroit
Proclamation of 1763
A proclamation from the British government which forbade British colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mountains...Began years of conflict between the colonies and the British government
Sugar Act
A tax put on sugar by the British to help pay for the French and Indian War